2010-03-01 12:00 - Messages

Focus on ‘very atypical work’

Those who do not work on standard, full-time, permanent employment contracts are less satisfied with their working conditions than their counterparts in standard employment, are less likely to receive training paid for by their employer and are more likely to perform monotonous tasks.
Two new publications from Eurofound address the complex issue of so-called ‘atypical work'. A comparative report, Flexible forms of work: ‘very atypical' contractual arrangements, highlights the increase in the use of work arrangements without a written contract, of part-time work of fewer than 10 hours a week and of contracts of less than six months. At the same time, a background paper, Very atypical work: Exploratory analysis of the fourth European Working Conditions Survey, complements the findings of the report with analysis of Eurofound's survey findings.

Source : http://osha.europa.eu/en/news/EU-Eurofund-Publications-AtypicalWork

Réussir un projet de conception et d’aménagement de bâtiments en PME : l’enjeu des conditions de travail

CHEVALLET (Romain) (coord.), BARADAT (Dominique), MARTIN (Christian). Publié le : 09/03/10 - 40 pages
S'agrandir, construire, rénover… Tout projet d'aménagement et de conception de bâtiment est à penser en cohérence avec la stratégie de l'entreprise. Le résultat de tels projets ne se traduit pas uniquement par un bâti, aussi esthétique soit-il, mais avant tout par l'usage qui en sera fait par les salariés. Aussi la maîtrise d'ouvrage (MOA) doit-elle s'assurer, avec la maîtrise d'oeuvre (MOE), d'une conduite de projet qui intègre l'usage futur des locaux.

C'est une opportunité pour repenser l'organisation du travail et améliorer performance et conditions de travail. Illustré de cas concrets, ce guide propose une démarche et des outils pratiques pour :

  • Définir le rôle et les missions de tous les acteurs du projet au sein de la MOA et de la MOE
  • Piloter chaque étape : des études préalables au suivi des usages
  • Faciliter la prise en compte des usages futurs des bâtiments

Ce guide s'adresse plus particulièrement aux acteurs de PME : dirigeants, chargés de projets, bureaux d'études, responsables des ressources humaines. Il peut aussi être utile aux représentants du personnel amenés à se prononcer sur ces projets. Enfin, il intéressera les partenaires des PME : consultants, architectes, entrepreneurs, programmistes.

Source : http://www.npdc.aract.fr/spip.php?article257

Guide : http://www.fact.aract.fr/download/site-principal/document/pdf/guide_conception.pdf

Is Knowledge Work Better For Us?

Knowledge workers, good work and wellbeing
In this report we bring together our insights on the health and wellbeing of the workforce and the changing nature of work in the knowledge economy to examine whether knowledge work is good work and better for our health and wellbeing. We explore data from our knowledge worker survey and build on the findings from our previous report which provided a new definition of knowledge work.
Three closely related changes over the past 40 years have transformed our economy. First, a shift to higher value added services – technology and knowledge intensive industries (as defined by the OECD). Second, a shift from traditional physical assets such as machinery and buildings to investment in intangible assets such as software and human capital. Third, we have seen an increase in the number of employees with higher levels of qualifications.

Source : http://www.theworkfoundation.com/research/publications/publicationdetail.aspx?oItemId=238&parentPageID=102&PubType

Family life and work

Demographic change and labour market developments impact significantly on the family life and work of Europeans, with far-reaching consequences for the future. The policy approach in this area has in recent years focused on increasing the employment rates of women, finding ways for both men and women to achieve a better work–life balance and, more recently, promoting a rise in birth rates. This report explores the subject of work and family life across Europe, looking at ways to find a better balance between the demands of work and family responsibilities. Based on data from the second European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS), conducted by Eurofound in 2007, the report analyses tensions between work demands and household and care tasks, against a background of different institutional settings, labour market structures and cultural factors. The findings point to the need for the introduction of measures to adjust working arrangements to the demands of family life, more equal sharing of care responsibilities between men and women, and the improvement of care services for elderly people in order to support family networks in carrying out their care responsibilities.

Source : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef1002.htm

Self-Reported and Reported Injury Patterns in Contemporary Dance Students

Abstract: Background: Injury is a major concern among dancers, as currently rates are reported as being high. The purpose of the present study was to assess the incidence and details of injuries across an academic year at a full-time contemporary dance school. Methods: A questionnaire was distributed to 57 dancers at the end of their first academic year. Reported injury information was also retrieved from a database as collected from a physiotherapist over the same period. Results: Differences were found between the reported and self-reported information, particularly with reference to shin injuries. The majority of injuries occurred in November and May, noted to be close to assessment periods. Conclusion: Injury rates in contemporary dance are high; notably, 89% of dancers reported one or more injuries. This problem is particularly evident in the lower limb.

Jo Baker, Daniel Scott, Katherine Watkins, Sheramy Keegan-Turcotte, Matthew Wyon
From: Medical Problems of Performing Artists: Volume 25 Number 1: Page 10 (March 2010)

Source : http://www.sciandmed.com/mppa/journalviewer.aspx?issue=1183&article=1814

Shift Workers at Risk for Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Various studies have identified a possible connection between shift work and cancer risk. According to new research, shift work also may increase the risk of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).
The findings, which appeared in the American Journal of Gastroenterology, show that nurses participating in shift work, especially those working rotating shifts, face a significantly increased risk of developing IBS and abdominal pain compared to those working a standard daytime schedule.
“We know that people participating in shift work often complain of gastrointestinal symptoms such as abdominal pain, constipation and diarrhea,” said Sandra Hoogerwerf, M.D., assistant professor of internal medicine at the University of Michigan Medical School. “These are the same symptoms of IBS.”

Source : http://ehstoday.com/health/news/shift-workers-risk-irritable-bowel-syndrome-3568/

Article : http://www.nature.com/ajg/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ajg201048a.html

Inquiry into recruitment and employment in the meat and poultry processing sector

Report of the findings and recommendations
In October 2008, the Commission launched an inquiry into recruitment and employment in the meat and poultry processing sector in England and Wales. We wanted to examine how the people working in this industry are recruited, and how they are treated once they are at work. This would help us to identify practices that inhibit equality and damage relations between different nationalities and types of worker, and barriers that prevent progress. It would also allow us to make recommendations to overcome these issues by drawing on current good practice in the industry. We looked at employment and recruitment issues related all stages of meat and poultry processing and packaging activity prior to delivery to retail outlets but excluding the slaughter and initial preparation of red meat. This is a summary of our findings and the
recommendations we believe will bring about change.

Source : http://www.equalityhumanrights.com/uploaded_files/Inquiries/meat_inquiry_report.pdf

Preventive staff-support interventions for health workers

Health workers need to be supported to reduce job-related stress, prevent burnout and improve motivation. This review identified 10 studies involving 716 health workers aimed at assessing the effects of preventive staff-support interventions. Eight studies involved short to medium-term training in stress management techniques, given predominantly to nurses in secondary and tertiary care settings. Four of these studies demonstrated beneficial effects of stress management training interventions in reducing some measures of job-related stress over the short-term. However, due to inadequate follow- up it is not clear whether these benefits are sustainable over longer periods. Most studies had several methodological shortcomings. Two studies involved management interventions to improve job satisfaction and absenteeism. The evidence from these two studies is insufficient to conclude that there is clear benefit from management interventions for staff support.

Source : http://mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD003541/frame.html

Occupational Fatigue Research

Facing the Challenges Head On

Dossier spécial From Research to Reality, Volume 13, Number 1

Source : http://www.libertymutualgroup.com/omapps/ContentServer?c=cms_document&pagename=LMGResearchInstitute%2Fcms_document%2FShowDoc&cid=1239993366447

Shift work and health

Dossier spécial
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health. 2010, vol. 36, n° 2

Source : http://www.sjweh.fi/show_issue.php?issue_id=277

Emploi atypique et troubles dépressifs en France

Objectifs - Décrire les liens entre emploi atypique et troubles dépressifs en France à partir des données de l'Enquête décennale santé 2003. Méthode - Les données étudiées concernent 11 895 actifs au travail. Les symptômes dépressifs ont été mesurés par l'échelle CES-D. L'emploi atypique a été décrit par le statut d'emploi (contrat à durée limitée ou indéterminée, à son compte) et par l'expérience du temps partiel au cours de la vie professionnelle, en distinguant les temps partiels subis ou choisis. Résultats - Les femmes occupent plus souvent un emploi atypique que les hommes, en termes de contrat à durée limitée et de temps partiel. Pour les deux sexes, le temps partiel subi est associé à une fréquence accrue de symptômes dépressifs, alors que ce n'est pas le cas pour le temps partiel choisi. Par ailleurs, le fait d'être en contrat à durée limitée est associé à la symptomatologie dépressive chez les femmes. Discussion - Cette étude montre des liens entre les emplois atypiques et la symptomatologie dépressive. Elle souligne par ailleurs l'intérêt de distinguer le temps partiel subi et le temps partiel choisi. L'interprétation de ces résultats est cependant limitée par le caractère transversal de l'enquête.

Source : http://www.invs.sante.fr/beh/2010/07/beh_07_2010.pdf

Un DVD pour prévenir les risques chez les soignants

Le DVD « Soignants » nouvellement conçu par l'INRS s'adresse principalement aux décideurs en établissements de soins et aux soignants. A travers fictions courtes et reportages sont présentées les principales maladies professionnelles auxquelles sont confrontés les soignants. L'outil propose également des retours d'expérience de certaines structures.
Les nouvelles conditions de travail et les méthodes de gestion davantage orientées vers les gains de productivité du secteur médical ont des répercussions sur la santé des soignants.A travers fictions et reportages, ce DVD invite à approfondir les réflexions sur les phénomènes de stress et les troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS), principales maladies professionnelles des soignants. Enfin, il souligne les pistes de prévention et les dispositions innovantes mises en place dans certains établissements en vue de limiter ces effets sur la santé du personnel.

Source : http://www.inrs.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/Breve%20Prevenir%20Risques%20Soignants/$File/Visu.html

Newly founded association addresses OSH risks to musicians

Austrian Society for Music and Medicine (Medicine, Physiology, Psychology for musicians) (OEGfMM)

The Austrian Society for Music and Medicine (Medicine, Physiology, Psychology for musicians) (OEGfMM) supports research, knowledge, theory, techniques in context with interdisciplinary interests of the various genres: Music, Medicine, Physiology and Psychology. Especially help for physical and psychological diseases of musicians will be taken into account. This should include improvement of prevention, diagnoses and therapies.

Source : http://osha.europa.eu/en/news/OSH-risks-to-musicians

La crise économique, un facteur générateur d’absences ?

L'absentéisme en entreprise est un indicateur de dysfonctionnements divers : organisation du travail, santé du personnel, engagement et implication, qualité des relations sociales. Les conditions de travail jouent donc un rôle crucial dans les variations de cet indicateur. Mais qu'en est-il en temps de crise ?
Dans une année 2009 marquée par un fort ralentissement économique, et une augmentation du chômage, la peur de perdre son emploi devrait avoir fait reculer l'absentéisme. ALMA Consulting Group nous livre le contraire dans son baromètre 2010 de l'absentéisme : son taux aurait fait un bond de plus d'un point en 2008, par rapport à 2007, passant ainsi à 4,85 %, soit près de 18 jours d'absence, en moyenne, par salarié.

Source : http://www.anact.fr/portal/page/portal/AnactWeb/DOSSIERS_THEMATIQUES/W_A_3_ORGA_TECHNO/Absenteisme?p_thingIdToShow=8607501

Very atypical work

Exploratory analysis of fourth European Working Conditions Survey
The report seeks to examine the phenomenon of ‘very atypical' work, looking at the incidence and nature of this form of work across the 27 EU Member States (EU27) and Norway. At the same time, it attempts to assess the working conditions of these ‘very atypical' forms of work, including whether such work constitutes a stepping stone to more standard forms of employment or if it entails a risk of social exclusion. In addition, the report sets out to examine the views and actions of the social partners in relation to the selected forms of non-standard work.

Report : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef10091.htm

Executive summary : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef10091.htm

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