Does Group-Level Commitment Predict Employee Well-Being?

A Prospective Analysis
Objective: To investigate the links between group-level affective organizational commitment (AOC) and individual-level psychological well-being, self-reported sickness absence, and sleep disturbances.
Methods: A total of 5085 care workers from 301 workgroups in the Danish eldercare services participated in both waves of the study (T1 [2005] and T2 [2006]). The three outcomes were analyzed using linear multilevel regression analysis, multilevel Poisson regression analysis, and multilevel logistic regression analysis, respectively.
Results: Group-level AOC (T1) significantly predicted individual-level psychological well-being, self-reported sickness absence, and sleep disturbances (T2). The association between group-level AOC (T1) and psychological well-being (T2) was fully mediated by individual-level AOC (T1), and the associations between group-level AOC (T1) and self-reported sickness absence and sleep disturbances (T2) were partially mediated by individual-level AOC (T1).
Conclusions: Group-level AOC is an important predictor of employee well-being in contemporary health care organizations.

Source: Clausen, Thomas; Christensen, Karl Bang; Nielsen, Karina. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: November 2015, Volume 57, Issue 11, p. 1141-1146.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000000547

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