Do age and gender contribute to workers’ burnout symptoms?

Background: Despite mounting evidence on the association between work stress and burnout, there is limited knowledge about the extent to which workers' age and gender are associated with burnout.
Aims: To evaluate the relationship between age, gender and their interaction with burnout in a sample of Canadian workers.
Methods: Data were collected in 2009–12 from a sample of 2073 Canadian workers from 63 workplaces in the province of Quebec. Data were analysed with multilevel regression models to test for linear and non-linear relationships between age and burnout. Analyses adjusted for marital status, parental status, educational level and number of working hours were conducted on the total sample and stratified by gender.
Results: Data were collected from a sample of 2073 Canadian workers (response rate 73%). Age followed a non-linear relationship with emotional exhaustion and total burnout, while it was linearly related to cynicism and reduced professional efficacy. Burnout level reduced with increasing age in men, but the association was bimodal in women, with women aged between 20–35 and over 55 years showing the highest burnout level.
Conclusions: These results suggest that burnout symptoms varied greatly according to different life stages of working men and women. Younger men, and women aged between 20–35 and 55 years and over are particularly susceptible and should be targeted for programmes to reduce risk of burnout.

Source: Marchand, A., Blanc, M. E. et Beauregard, N. (2018). Occupational Medicine.

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