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Worker health is good for the economy: Union density and psychosocial safety climate as determinants of country differences in worker health and productivity in 31 European countries
Work stress is recognized globally as a social determinant of worker health. Therefore we explored whether work stress related factors explained national differences in health and productivity (gross domestic product (GDP)). We proposed a national worker health productivity model whereby macro market power factors (i.e. union density), influence national worker health and GDP via work psychosocial factors and income inequality. We combined five different data sets canvasing 31 wealthy European countries. Aggregated worker self-reported health accounted for 13 per cent of the variance in national...
Work-related health risks in Europe: Are older workers more vulnerable?
Recent policy reforms in a number of countries are extending working lives and deferring the statutory retirement age. Yet such changes may have profound implications for the well-being of older workers if such individuals are more likely to suffer work-related health problems. Using international data from the European Working Conditions Survey for 2005, we test whether older workers (aged 55–65 years) differ significantly from younger workers across a range of self-reported job-related indicators including health risk perception, mental and physical health, sickness absence, injury and...
A two-year follow-up study of risk of depression according to work-unit measures of psychological demands and decision latitude
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine if high psychological demands and low decision latitude at work increase the risk of depression. Methods : In 2007, 4237 non-depressed Danish public employees within 378 different work units were enrolled in the study. Mean levels of psychological demands and decision latitude were computed for each work unit to obtain exposure measures that were robust to reporting bias. In 2009, 3046 (72%) participated at follow-up, and those reporting high levels of depressive, burnout or stress symptoms went through a psychiatric interview by which 58 cases of...

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