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The role of collective affective commitment in the relationship between work–family conflict and emotional exhaustion among nurses: a multilevel modeling approach
Work–family conflict (WFC) is a crucial problem in nursing because of the demanding conditions of the job, such as strenuous shifts, physical and emotional workload, and intense patient involvement. Using a multilevel approach, this study investigated the moderating role of collective affective commitment as a protective resource in the relationship between WFC and emotional exhaustion. Source : BMC Nursing , 18(1), 2/18/2019. 10.1186/s12912-019-0329-z
Organizational change and employee mental health: A prospective multilevel study of the associations between organizational changes and clinically relevant mental distress
Objective The aim of the present paper was to elucidate the relationship between exposure to separate, multiple or repeated organizational change at both individual- and work-unit level and subsequent clinically relevant mental distress amongst employees two years after change had taken place. Methods A full panel, prospective design was utilized. Data were collected at two time-points two years apart, by self-administered, online questionnaires. Organizational change was measured by six items pertaining to separate types of change. Mental distress was measured using HSCL-10, with cut-off set to...
La créativité comme prévention du stress et de la souffrance au travail
De l'analyse des « pathologies de la communication » du cas des aides à domicile à celle de l'expérience de créativité collective chez les employés de Dassault Comment comprendre et agir contre les malaises­ du stress à la souffrance­ et les dysfonctionnements internes de l'entreprise moderne ? Cette thèse montre comment la créativité peut être une démarche communicationnelle préventive et omnipotente, une alternative capable de résorber une communication pathogène, engendrée par le management, au profit d'une communication sociale moins instrumentale qu'institutionnelle...
Inmates-to-staff assaults, PTSD and burnout: profiles of risk and vulnerability
Prison employees are often confronted with critical incidents and chronic stressors that may lead to trauma or burnout symptoms. However, most of the research on clinical aspects of interpersonal violence in prisons (inmates-to-staff violence, specifically) focuses either on trauma or on burnout. The purpose of the present study is (a) to examine both burnout and posttraumatic stress among prison staff and (b) to examine the influences of inmates-to-staff violent relations on posttraumatic stress in terms of risk profile to develop PTSD. A random sample of French correctional employees has completed...
22% des fonctionnaires territoriaux victimes d’au moins une agression verbale par an (France)
L’enquête SUMER met en lumière les conditions de travail dans la fonction publique territoriale et révèle une sur-exposition des agents aux risques psychosociaux. Pour la première fois, l’enquête SUMER déjà réalisée en 1994 et 2003 par la DARES a couvert, outre les différents secteurs d’activité du privé, la fonction publique dans ses trois composantes : territoriale, hospitalière et d’Etat. Les expositions aux risques professionnels varient fortement d’un secteur d’activité...
The influence of indirect collective trauma on first responders' alcohol use
Previous research has suggested increased risk for negative outcomes such as increased alcohol use among first responders who are involved with the response to a community disaster; however it is not clear how indirect exposure to a critical incident impacts first responders. This work examined the impact of secondary or indirect trauma on changes in alcohol use among urban firefighters who were not directly involved in the response to a large scale community-level disaster. Firefighters enrolled in larger trial of health outcomes whose interview period coincided with the crash of a commercial...
A two-year follow-up study of risk of depression according to work-unit measures of psychological demands and decision latitude
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine if high psychological demands and low decision latitude at work increase the risk of depression. Methods : In 2007, 4237 non-depressed Danish public employees within 378 different work units were enrolled in the study. Mean levels of psychological demands and decision latitude were computed for each work unit to obtain exposure measures that were robust to reporting bias. In 2009, 3046 (72%) participated at follow-up, and those reporting high levels of depressive, burnout or stress symptoms went through a psychiatric interview by which 58 cases of...
Une étude Inserm sur le stress au travail des indépendants
Ces dernières années, la connaissance sur les phénomènes de stress au travail concernant les salariés a progressé. Mais qu'en est-il des indépendants, regroupant travailleurs isolés ou chefs de petites entreprises, professions intellectuelles ou manuelles ? L'Inserm dévoile le rapport d'un groupe d'experts. Le régime social des indépendants (RSI), qui assure la couverture maladie et de retraite des artisans et des commerçants, des professions libérales et des chefs d’entreprise indépendants...
Conditions de travail et santé dans les centres d'appels téléphoniques
À la demande d'une quarantaine de médecins du travail préoccupés par les conditions de travail dans les centres d'appels téléphoniques (CT) et la santé des téléopérateurs (TO), une enquête épidémiologique a été conduite par l'INRS. Il s'agit d'étudier, chez des TO, les relations entre, d'une part des contraintes de travail perçues et des marqueurs de santé et d'autre part, des facteurs organisationnels (FO) déclarés par les responsables...
Changing requirements and mental workload factors in mobile multi-locational work
Working in multiple locations creates continuously changing physical, virtual and social settings for mobile employees. This paper shows, by exploring locally and globally moving employees, that changing environments arouse varying perceptions of both well-being and stress. The identification of mental workload factors is necessary both for working in and managing mobile, multi-locational work. Source : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1468-005X.2010.00243.x/abstract
Psychosocial work environment and risk of ischaemic heart disease in women
The Danish Nurse Cohort Study Objectives : To investigate the effect of work pressure and job influence on the development of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) in women. Methods : The effect of work pressure and job influence on the 15-year incidence of IHD in women participating in the Danish Nurse Cohort Study was prospectively studied. A total of 12 116 participants, aged 45–64 years, were examined in 1993 using a questionnaire and were followed by individual linkage in the National Register of Hospital Discharges to the beginning of 2008. Work pressure, job influence, occupational...

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