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Conflits de valeurs et exigences émotionnelles
Ce numéro de Synthèse.Stat' présente les résultats de l' enquête Conditions de travail – Risques psychosociaux de 2016 concernant les indicateurs relatifs aux conflits de valeurs et aux exigences émotionnelles. Ce volume recouvre deux des six axes d'analyse des risques psychosociaux construits par le collège d'expertise sur le suivi statistique des risques psychosociaux au travail1 : les conflits de valeurs (axe 5) et les exigences émotionnelles (axe 2). Les exigences émotionnelles couvrent non seulement la partie...
Worker health is good for the economy: Union density and psychosocial safety climate as determinants of country differences in worker health and productivity in 31 European countries
Work stress is recognized globally as a social determinant of worker health. Therefore we explored whether work stress related factors explained national differences in health and productivity (gross domestic product (GDP)). We proposed a national worker health productivity model whereby macro market power factors (i.e. union density), influence national worker health and GDP via work psychosocial factors and income inequality. We combined five different data sets canvasing 31 wealthy European countries. Aggregated worker self-reported health accounted for 13 per cent of the variance in national...
Effects of Occupational Role Conflict and Emotional Demands on Subsequent Psychological Distress: A 3-Year Follow-Up Study of the General Working Population in Norway
Objective : To examine the impact of occupational role conflict and emotional demands on subsequent psychological distress. Methods : A randomly drawn cohort from the general Norwegian working-age population was followed up for 3 years (n = 12,550; response rate = 67%). Eligible respondents were in paid work during the reference week in 2006 and 2009 or temporarily absent from such work (n = 6,745; response rate = 68%). Results : In the fully adjusted model, both high role conflict (odds ratios = 1.53; 95% CI = 1.15 to 2.03) and high emotional demands (odds ratios = 1.38; 95% CI = 1.13 to 1.69...
Relationships between organizational workplace characteristics and perceived workplace strain in call-centers in France
Background Our objective was to study the associations between organizational workplace characteristics (OC) reported by call-center (CC) managers and workplace stressors reported by call-handlers. Methods The managers of 107 CCs were interviewed by their occupational physicians using a questionnaire designed to specifically explore OC in the CCs. Four thousand two call-handlers from these CCs completed a self-report questionnaire including the Karasek and Siegrist work stressor questionnaires and two specific items on other workplace stressors. Results Around one-third of the OC examined were...
The impact of job stress due to the lack of organisational support on occupational injury
OBJECTIVES : The aim of this study was to analyse the association between job stress and occupational injuries. METHODS : A prospective cohort study in a sample of 10 667 workers belonging to the insured population of the Mutual Insurance Company in Spain. Job stress was assessed with the Spanish version of the Job Stress Survey. A 1-year follow-up of the workers' clinical records was conducted to determine the incidence of occupational injuries, and the incidence rate per 1000 workers-year was calculated. The associations between the incidence of occupational injuries, job stress and job stress...
Evaluation du stress au travail après mesures de prévention dans une caisse de retraite
Objectif : Le stress au travail et ses répercussions sur la santé ont déjà été décrits. Toutefois, très peu de publications analysent les évolutions après la mise en place de mesures pour lutter contre ce facteur de risque psychosocial. C'est le but de cette étude. Méthodes : Deux enquêtes ont été réalisées en octobre 2009 et 2011. Le premier échantillon est composé de 150 salariés et la deuxième comporte 108 salariés. Soixante-quatorze salariés...
A two-year follow-up study of risk of depression according to work-unit measures of psychological demands and decision latitude
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine if high psychological demands and low decision latitude at work increase the risk of depression. Methods : In 2007, 4237 non-depressed Danish public employees within 378 different work units were enrolled in the study. Mean levels of psychological demands and decision latitude were computed for each work unit to obtain exposure measures that were robust to reporting bias. In 2009, 3046 (72%) participated at follow-up, and those reporting high levels of depressive, burnout or stress symptoms went through a psychiatric interview by which 58 cases of...

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