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Portrait du risque de maladie cardiovasculaire chez des pompiers du Québec
Il était pertinent de réaliser une étude ayant pour objectif de dresser le portrait du risque de maladie cardiovasculaire d'une cohorte de pompiers québécois, sachant que la crise cardiaque est la principale cause de décès au travail chez les pompiers et que la présence d'une maladie cardiovasculaire augmente le risque de crise cardiaque au travail. Sept cent soixante-dix-neuf (779) pompiers ainsi que quarante et une (41) pompières ont répondu au questionnaire. Les données ont été recueillies à...
Portrait du risque de maladie cardiovasculaire chez des policiers du Québec
Il était pertinent de réaliser une étude ayant comme objectif de dresser le portrait du risque de maladie cardiovasculaire d'une cohorte de policiers québécois, sachant que la crise cardiaque est une cause importante de décès au travail chez les policiers et que la présence d'une maladie cardiovasculaire augmente le risque de crise cardiaque au travail. Deux mille quatre-vingt-dix-neuf (2099) policiers ainsi que sept cent cinquante-six (756) policières ont répondu au questionnaire en ligne. Les données ont été...
Mental Disorder Symptoms among Public Safety Personnel in Canada
Background: Canadian public safety personnel (PSP; e.g., correctional workers, dispatchers, firefighters, paramedics, police officers) are exposed to potentially traumatic events as a function of their work. Such exposures contribute to the risk of developing clinically significant symptoms related to mental disorders. The current study was designed to provide estimates of mental disorder symptom frequencies and severities for Canadian PSP. Methods: An online survey was made available in English or French from September 2016 to January 2017. The survey assessed current symptoms, and participation...
Building Resilience in an Urban Police Department
Objective: The aim of this study is to examine a resilience training intervention that impacts autonomic responses to stress and improves cardiovascular risk, psychological, and physiological outcomes in police. Methods: Officers [(n=38) 22 to 54 years] modified emotional and physical responses to stress using self-regulation. Measurements include psychological and physiological measures [eg, heart rate variability (HRV), blood pressure, C-reactive protein)] obtained at three time intervals. Results: Age was significantly (P<0.05) associated with changes on several measures of psychological...
Emotional demands at work and the risk of clinical depression
A longitudinal study in the Danish public sector OBJECTIVE: This study is a 2-year follow-up study of different dimensions of work-related emotional demands as a predictor for clinical depression. METHODS: In a two-wave study, 3224 (72%) public employees from 474 work-units participated twice by filling in questionnaires. Sixty-two cases of clinical depression were diagnosed. Emotional demands were examined as perceived and content-related emotional demands, individually reported and work-unit based. Support, meaningful work, and enrichment were considered as potential effect modifiers. RESULTS...
Sécurité et défense : des professions plus souvent victimes d’agressions physiques ou verbales
Chargés d'assurer la sécurité et la défense, les policiers, les militaires et les professions assimilées, sont davantage victimes d'agressions physiques ou verbales que l'ensemble de la population occupant un emploi. Dans l'exercice de leur métier, les violences physiques et verbales subies par les policiers, les militaires et assimilés sont en proportion près de deux fois plus importantes que pour les autres groupes professionnels qui sont majoritairement en contact avec le public, tels que les professions intermédiaires...
Work characteristics, personal resources, and employee well-being
A longitudinal study among Finnish firefighters In today´s work life, employees are expected not only to be reasonably healthy, but also to be highly engaged and work efficiently. However, at the same time, the prevalence of mental health disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal systems is high. Therefore, understanding and enhancing employee well-being as a whole is essential. This study examined the longitudinal effects of work characteristics, personal resources, and lifestyle on employee well-being by applying three theoretical frameworks Job Demands-Resources model, Conservation...
Psychological distress and dyslipidemia in Chinese police officers
A 4-year follow-up study in Tianjin, China OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at investigating whether psychological distress in police officers was associated with dyslipidemia. METHODS: A survey was conducted to examine the psychological distress among 5867 police officers in Tianjin, China, from 2007 to 2011. Psychological distress was measured using the Symptom Check List-90-Revised. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to calculate the hazard ratios (HR) of the incidence of dyslipidemia predicted by psychological distress. RESULTS: Among the 3300 participants without dyslipidemia at baseline...
Violence au travail
Sondage dans trois secteurs professionnels Entre janvier 2011 et octobre 2012, l'équipe a mené une étude réalisée sous la forme d'un sondage Internet auprès de 2889 travailleurs des secteurs des affaires municipales, des affaires provinciales et de la santé et des services sociaux. Les travailleurs de ces trois secteurs professionnels courent un risque particulièrement élevé d'être victimes ou témoins d'actes de violence grave. Le sondage portait sur les actes de violence dont les travailleurs auraient...
Reducing work and family conflict in teachers: a randomised controlled trial of Workplace Triple P
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a workplace parenting intervention aimed at reducing work-family conflict and improving work and family functioning in teachers. One hundred and seven teachers (who were also parents) were randomly allocated to either a Workplace Triple P intervention condition or a waitlist control condition. Analyses indicated the intervention had a positive effect on a range of occupational variables including work-to-family conflict, family-to-work conflict, occupational stress and teaching efficacy. Intervention effects were also found for family- and...
Evaluation du stress au travail après mesures de prévention dans une caisse de retraite
Objectif : Le stress au travail et ses répercussions sur la santé ont déjà été décrits. Toutefois, très peu de publications analysent les évolutions après la mise en place de mesures pour lutter contre ce facteur de risque psychosocial. C'est le but de cette étude. Méthodes : Deux enquêtes ont été réalisées en octobre 2009 et 2011. Le premier échantillon est composé de 150 salariés et la deuxième comporte 108 salariés. Soixante-quatorze salariés...
Inmates-to-staff assaults, PTSD and burnout: profiles of risk and vulnerability
Prison employees are often confronted with critical incidents and chronic stressors that may lead to trauma or burnout symptoms. However, most of the research on clinical aspects of interpersonal violence in prisons (inmates-to-staff violence, specifically) focuses either on trauma or on burnout. The purpose of the present study is (a) to examine both burnout and posttraumatic stress among prison staff and (b) to examine the influences of inmates-to-staff violent relations on posttraumatic stress in terms of risk profile to develop PTSD. A random sample of French correctional employees has completed...
22% des fonctionnaires territoriaux victimes d’au moins une agression verbale par an (France)
L’enquête SUMER met en lumière les conditions de travail dans la fonction publique territoriale et révèle une sur-exposition des agents aux risques psychosociaux. Pour la première fois, l’enquête SUMER déjà réalisée en 1994 et 2003 par la DARES a couvert, outre les différents secteurs d’activité du privé, la fonction publique dans ses trois composantes : territoriale, hospitalière et d’Etat. Les expositions aux risques professionnels varient fortement d’un secteur d’activité...
Is absence related to work stress? A repeated cross-sectional study on a special police force
Background Sickness absence due to illness is considered an indicator of work-related stress. Police work is a very stressful job. Sickness absence and sick leave are frequent among policemen. Methods We tested whether stress variables were predictors of absenteeism in a police unit specifically assigned to the maintenance of law and order. Results Control, Reward, and Support were negatively related to frequency of absence and short-term absence. Demand and Effort were positively related to total lost days. Absence recorded in the previous year was the best predictor of absenteeism. We also found...
The influence of indirect collective trauma on first responders' alcohol use
Previous research has suggested increased risk for negative outcomes such as increased alcohol use among first responders who are involved with the response to a community disaster; however it is not clear how indirect exposure to a critical incident impacts first responders. This work examined the impact of secondary or indirect trauma on changes in alcohol use among urban firefighters who were not directly involved in the response to a large scale community-level disaster. Firefighters enrolled in larger trial of health outcomes whose interview period coincided with the crash of a commercial...
Souffrance au travail : 71 mesures pour arrêter les dégâts
La FGAF (Fédération Générale Autonome des Fonctionnaires) publie un livre blanc sur la souffrance au travail permettant d'améliorer la qualité de vie au travail des agents de la fonction publique. Sur 200 pages, ce document dresse un état des lieux complet sur la souffrance au travail des fonctionnaires et des agents publics, une question de plus en plus cruciale dans le débat sur les conditions de travail. Réalisé avec la participation des 18 organisations membres de la FGAF issues des 4 fonctions publiques (Etat, territoriale...
9-1-1 Lumière sur un travail méconnu
L'Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (l'IRSST), à la demande de l'Association paritaire pour la santé et la sécurité du travail, secteur affaires municipales, s'est intéressé aux problèmes de santé des préposés des centres d'appels d'urgence 9-1-1. Ce travail méconnu comporte des enjeux particuliers encore peu documentés dans la littérature scientifique. Cette vidéo les met en lumière. La réalisation...
A two-year follow-up study of risk of depression according to work-unit measures of psychological demands and decision latitude
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine if high psychological demands and low decision latitude at work increase the risk of depression. Methods : In 2007, 4237 non-depressed Danish public employees within 378 different work units were enrolled in the study. Mean levels of psychological demands and decision latitude were computed for each work unit to obtain exposure measures that were robust to reporting bias. In 2009, 3046 (72%) participated at follow-up, and those reporting high levels of depressive, burnout or stress symptoms went through a psychiatric interview by which 58 cases of...
Associations between sickness absence and harassment, threats, violence, or discrimination
A cross-sectional study of the Swedish Police Objective: To study if sick leave among employees in the Swedish Police was associated with experiences of discrimination, harassment, or (threats of) violence. Participants: All employees in the Swedish Police in 2005. Methods: Analyses of data from a questionnaire to all employees; 74% (n=16,725) responded. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) between sick leave and the studied factors were assessed. Results: The rate of sickness absence was higher for women (12%) than for men (8%) (p< 0.001). More women than men had experienced...
Mental Health Conditions, Individual and Job Characteristics and Sleep Disturbances among Firefighters
This study aimed to assess the associations between mental health conditions, individual and job characteristics and sleep disturbances among firefighters. Of 303 participants, 51.2% reported sleep disturbances. Psychological distress and psychosomatic disturbances were significantly associated with sleep disturbances. Suicidal ideation, unhealthy alcohol use and time as a firefighter were also associated with sleep disturbances but at a borderline level of significance (0.05 < p < .085). These findings may be related to the psychological and physical hazards of firefighting and indicate...
Conditions de travail et santé dans les centres d'appels téléphoniques
À la demande d'une quarantaine de médecins du travail préoccupés par les conditions de travail dans les centres d'appels téléphoniques (CT) et la santé des téléopérateurs (TO), une enquête épidémiologique a été conduite par l'INRS. Il s'agit d'étudier, chez des TO, les relations entre, d'une part des contraintes de travail perçues et des marqueurs de santé et d'autre part, des facteurs organisationnels (FO) déclarés par les responsables...
Working conditions at recycling centres in Sweden
Physical and psychosocial work environment "The number of jobs at recycling centres are increasing, at the same time as there are indications of work environment problems. The aim of this paper was to investigate physical and psychosocial working conditions for employees at recycling centres in Sweden, to describe how they were perceived, to compare differences between subgroups, and further to identify proposals for improvement. Employees at 42 recycling centres (n = 122) responded a postal questionnaire. Of these 32 employees from 16 recycling centres were interviewed, as also their employer...

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