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Working conditions of workers of different ages
Demographic change is changing the face of working life across the EU. The increased demand on a shrinking pool of workers to provide for the social needs of an ageing population is leading to increases in the employment rate of older workers and a lengthening of working life. Policy reforms have – on the whole – focused on raising the statutory retirement age and providing financial incentives for older workers to remain in work beyond retirement age. However, a range of other factors also influence workers' decision to continue working into old age – including health and...
Does age modify the association between psychosocial factors at work and deterioration of self-rated health?
Does age modify the association between psychosocial factors at work and deterioration of self-rated health? The paper is to our knowledge the first to assess directly if age interacts with psychosocial work environment factors as risk factors for self-rated health. The paper could generally not find major modifying effects applying a RERI approach and a linear approach, and excluding people with poor health at baseline or including these people. Source: Burr H, Hasselhorn HM, Kersten N, Pohrt A, Rugulies R. (2017). Scand J Work Environ Health . http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3648
Les départs précoces des pâtissiers salariés de l'artisanat
Comprendre pour agir en prévention Le départ précoce de la plupart des pâtissiers salariés de l'artisanat, survenant bien avant l'âge légal de la retraite, constitue à la fois un paradoxe et un défi de prévention en santé au travail. Le présent article fondé sur une analyse pluridisciplinaire décrit l'activité et les altérations de santé caractéristiques de ce métier, ses contraintes et la tension entre deux configurations différentes d'exercice...
Can psychosocial work conditions protect against age-related cognitive decline?
Results from a systematic review According to the use it or lose it hypothesis, intellectually stimulating activities postpone age-related cognitive decline. A previous systematic review concluded that a high level of mental work demands and job control protected against cognitive decline. However, it did not distinguish between outcomes that were measured as cognitive function at one point in time or as cognitive decline. Our study aimed to systematically review which psychosocial working conditions were prospectively associated with high levels of cognitive function and/or changes in cognitive...
The influence of demographics and working conditions on self-reported injuries among Latino day laborers
BACKGROUND: The majority of day laborers in the USA are Latinos. They are engaged in high-risk occupations and suffer high occupational injury rates. OBJECTIVES: To describe on-the-job injuries reported by Latino day laborers, explore the extent that demographic and occupational factors predict injuries, and whether summative measures for total job types, job conditions, and personal protective equipment (PPE) predict injuries. METHODS: A community survey was conducted with 327 participants at 15 corners in Houston, Texas. Hierarchical and multiple logistic regressions explored predictors of occupational...
Perspective de genre sur l'emploi et les conditions de travail des seniors
L'objectif de ce "Working paper" est d'investiguer systématiquement la dimension du genre dans la problématique des conditions de travail et d'emploi des travailleurs âgés (50 ans et plus). Les conditions de travail et d'emploi apparaissent de plus en plus clairement comme un enjeu clé dans le vieillissement au travail, mais les disparités entre les femmes et les hommes ne font pas l'objet, à ce jour, d'une attention suffisante. Ces disparités ne résultent pas seulement des processus de ségrégation...
La performance au travail ne s'amoindrit pas forcément avec l'âge
État des connaissances "Plus on vieillit, moins on est productif". Plusieurs études tordent cette idée reçue et pointent l'absence de lien systématique entre âge et productivité. La performance est fortement liée aux conditions de travail tout au long de la carrière. L'Anact a réalisé une synthèse des principaux travaux conduits sur le sujet. Sommes-nous « efficaces a` tout âge ? ». C'est la question posée par Volkoff, Molinie´ et Jolivet, en 2000 dans leur ouvrage...
Do working conditions explain the increased risks of disability pension among men and women with low education?
A follow-up of Swedish cohorts Objectives: Rates of disability pension are greatly increased among people with low education. This study examines the extent to which associations between education and disability pensions might be explained by differences in working conditions. Information on individuals at age 13 years was used to assess confounding of associations. Method: Two nationally representative samples of men and women born in 1948 and 1953 in Sweden (22 889 participants in total) were linked to information from social insurance records on cause (musculoskeletal, psychiatric, and other...
Invisibilisation de la pénibilité au travail, mixité et rapports de genre
Conducteurs et agents commerciaux dans le secteur ferroviaire L'article s'emploie à mettre à jour les modalités sexuées d'une reconnaissance de la pénibilité au travail à partir d'une enquête comparative réalisée auprès de deux catégories socioprofessionnelles d'une entreprise de transports (conducteurs et agents commerciaux). Il montre que l'invisibilisation des atteintes à la santé des femmes tient pour beaucoup aux mécanismes de répartition du travail entre les...
Working conditions of young entrants to the labour market
Young workers across the EU, particularly young labour market entrants, are faced with major employment difficulties. High unemployment rates and poorer working conditions for young people have added new negative dimensions to the traditional problems of this group in accessing work. This report looks at the current working conditions of Europe's young labour market entrants and how these conditions have evolved in recent years, especially during the crisis. It finds a greater prevalence of non-standard forms of employment among young workers. The study was compiled on the basis of individual...
Emplois pénibles
Comprendre les impacts de l'âge, du genre et des risques au travail Les employeurs et la plupart des gouvernements européens présentent l'allongement des carrières comme inéluctable. Comment envisager un tel scénario pour les travailleurs exerçant des métiers pénibles ? Nombre d'entre eux n'arrivent déjà plus à mener leur carrière jusqu'à son terme parce qu'ils sont physiquement ou mentalement au bout du rouleau. À la question : "Pourrez-vous faire le même travail...
Attitude and flexibility are the most important work place factors for working parents' mental wellbeing, stress, and work engagement
Aims: The need to combine active employment and parenthood is a reality for many parents today. Knowing more about which work place factors are associated with better or worse health could help employers to form a work environment that provides optimal conditions to maintain or increase health and work engagement in this group. The aim of this study was to explore possible associations between different subjective and objective work factors and benefits, and a range of outcome variables such as stress, symptom report, wellbeing, work-related fatigue, work engagement, and work-family conflict among...
Stressors, Recovery Processes, and Manifestations of Training Distress in Dance
Dancers are expected to maintain consistently high levels of performance capability and to perform on demand. To meet these expectations, they subject their bodies to long hours of intensive physical training. Such training regimens are often combined with tight rehearsal and performance schedules, which over time can lead to persistent fatigue, psychological distress, performance decrements, and injury. A similar process has been observed as a consequence of high-intensity training in many different sports, and considerable sport-related research has been devoted to identifying the antecedents...
Pénibilité, le temps de l'action
Dossier TS Le dispositif pénibilité introduit par la réforme des retraites est venu créer une véritable dynamique de négociations dans les entreprises. Le sujet, qui pour beaucoup reste complexe, pourrait bien apporter un nouveau souffle pour les pratiques en santé et sécurité au travail. Après une présentation générale, ce dossier propose des reportages sur le terrain : - rédaction de fiches pénibilité dans une entreprise de maintenance industrielle, - utilisation d'une grille d'aide...
Waiting for safety: Responses by young Canadian workers to unsafe work
INTRODUCTION : This study examines young workers' responses to unsafe work through the lens of the exit, voice, patience, and neglect typology (Leck & Saunders, 1992). METHOD : In Canada, social marketing campaigns and high school curriculum concerning workplace safety for young workers promote the benefits of "speaking out" against dangerous work. We conducted focus group interviews with teenagers in two Canadian cities to understand the types of work-related hazards experienced by this group, how they respond to hazards, and barriers to injury prevention. RESULTS : Instead of...
Working late: strategies to enhance productive and healthy environments for the older workforce
Aims and objectives : Working Late is a 4 year multidisciplinary research project addressing practice and policy issues associated with later life working. The project is funded by the New Dynamics of Ageing (NDA) Programme. Methods : The Working Late research adopts a mixed method research approach of focus groups, interviews, surveys, interventions and the development of a design resource to enhance health and quality of working life across the life span. Results: This paper describes findings from the surveys and physical activity interventions along with the development of the design resource...
Occupational Health Policy and Immigrant Workers in the Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing Sector
Background Immigrant workers make up an important portion of the hired workforce in the Agricultural, Forestry and Fishing (AgFF) sector, one of the most hazardous industry sectors in the US. Despite the inherent dangers associated with this sector, worker protection is limited. Methods This article describes the current occupational health and safety policies and regulatory standards in the AgFF sector and underscores the regulatory exceptions and limitations in worker protections. Immigration policies and their effects on worker health and safety are also discussed. Emphasis is placed on policies...
Les conditions de travail ont-elles un sexe ? (no 2)
L'analyse de données statistiques des accidents du travail, des accidents de trajet et des maladies professionnelles sur les dix dernières années met en lumière les inégalités de santé au travail entre les femmes et les hommes. Le Réseau ANACT développe une approche intégrée du genre aux questions du travail et de son organisation par la prise en compte des différences de situations de travail et de vie des hommes et des femmes. Le dernier numéro de la revue Travail et changement (mars/avril 2013, no...
Do work factors modify the association between chronic health problems and sickness absence among older employees?
The aim of this study was to (i) assess how common chronic health problems and work-related factors predict sickness absence and (ii) explore whether work-related factors modify the effects of health problems on sickness absence. Common health problems were related to follow-up sickness absence, most strongly to high cumulative sickness absence (>9 days per year). Baseline psychological health problems were strongly related to high sickness absence at follow-up [odds ratio (OR) 3.67, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 2.80–4.82]. Higher job demands at baseline increased the likelihood of...
Working beyond 65: A qualitative study of perceived hazards and discomforts at work
Objective : This qualitative study explored self-reports of hazards and discomforts in the workplace and coping strategies among those choosing to work beyond the age of 65 years. Participants: 30 people aged 66-91 years took part. Most worked part-time in professional or administrative roles. Methods : Each participant engaged in one semi-structured interview. Results : Participants described some hazards and discomforts in their current work, but no recent accidents. The main age-related discomfort was tiredness. Other hazards that recurred in participants' accounts were physical demands...
Poor health, unhealthy behaviors, and unfavorable work characteristics influence pathways of exit from paid employment among older workers in Europe
Objectives The aim of this study was to get insight into the role of poor health, unhealthy behaviors, and unfavorable work characteristics on exit from paid employment due to disability pension, unemployment, and early retirement among older workers. Results Poor health was a risk factor for disability pension [hazard ratio (HR) 3.90, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 2.51–6.05], and a lack of physical activity was a risk factor for disability pension (HR 3.05, 95% CI 1.68–5.55) and unemployment (HR 1.84, 95% CI 1.13–3.01). A lack of job control was a risk factor for disability...
Enquête : Maçons, vendeurs, aides à domicile, nous ne sommes pas tous égaux face au vieillissement au travail
A partir des données de la 5ème enquête européenne sur les conditions de travail, l’Institut syndical européen a examiné les changements des conditions de travail en fonction des différentes catégories d'âge et de profession. De quoi nourrir les réflexions sur la soutenabilité du travail. Dans l'étude "Métiers et vieillissement au travail. Une analyse des résultats de la cinquième enquête européenne sur les conditions de travail", publiée en septembre...
Eurofound publishes a study on sustainable work and the ageing workforce
A new study of Eurofound, based on the fifth European Working Conditions Survey, examines the ways older workers perceive the sustainability of their work, taking account of differences between workers in terms of age, occupation and gender. In addition, the working conditions of the ageing workforce across Member States of the European Union are compared. Source : https://osha.europa.eu/en/news/eurofound-publishes-a-study-on-sustainable-work-and-the-ageing-workforce?sourceid=rss&utm_source=home&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=rssfeeds
Situation personnelle et professionnelle des travailleurs québécois âgés de 50 ans et plus et intentions à l’égard de la retraite
Cette étude a pour objectif de tracer un portrait de la situation personnelle et professionnelle des travailleurs québécois âgés de 50 ans et plus. Plus particulièrement, elle analyse trois grandes dimensions, à savoir l’état de santé de ces travailleurs, le stress au travail de ce groupe de même que leur satisfaction à l’égard de l’emploi occupé en 2008. Ces éléments sont fort pertinents dans tout le débat entourant le prolongement de la vie active. Ce rapport comprend...
Le télétravail dans les grandes entreprises françaises : comment la distance transforme nos modes de travail
Les études sur le télétravail en France sont assez peu nombreuses. Les études sur la façon dont le télétravail affecte les pratiques managériales et préfigure les modes de travail de l’avenir sont, elles, très rares. Toutes les études réalisées jusqu’à présent montraient que le télétravail est au début d’un essor important d’une part et qu’il apportait de nombreux bénéfices d’autre part [...] L’essor du télétravail...
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