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Organisation et contraintes du temps de travail : une typologie en six catégories
En 2016, un peu moins de la moitié des salariés du secteur privé et des agents du secteur public ont des semaines de travail dites « standard ». Ce type de semaine est travaillé du lundi au vendredi selon des journées essentiellement « standard » (entre 7h et 20h) et rarement le week-end. Il concerne en grande partie les professions intermédiaires et les cadres et professions intellectuelles supérieures. Au sein de la fonction publique, ce type de semaine est plus courant parmi les fonctionnaires que parmi les contractuels...
Live Theatre and Events Industry Survey 2018
Late in 2017, elected MEAA entertainment, crew, and sport representatives from across the live theatre and events industry decided to join together to build an industry-wide campaign to improve members' working lives across the sector. The first step is this survey. The survey provides a snapshot of the wages, conditions, and health and safety standards that crew, technical, front-of-house, and events workers in live theatre and venues are faced with every day. Some parts of the survey were developed in response to the 2017 Sexual Harassment in Live Theatre survey conducted by MEAA Equity,...
L'amélioration des conditions de travail aux postes de bouverie et de tuerie en abattoirs de boucherie
En octobre 2016, une commission d'enquête parlementaire émettait des recommandations pour renforcer la protection des animaux en abattoirs. À la demande du ministère de l‘Agriculture et de l'Alimentation, l'Anact a réalisé une étude pour mieux éclairer les liens entre les enjeux économiques, de conditions de travail et de protection animale. Les analyses ont mis en évidence qu'il est nécessaire de prendre en compte la réalité du travail des différents acteurs (opérateurs...
Dimensions sociales et psychologiques associées aux activités minières et impacts sur la qualité de vie
L'intérêt de l'industrie et du gouvernement pour la mise en valeur des ressources minérales du territoire québécois, particulièrement sur le territoire visé par le Plan Nord, convie les acteurs de la santé publique à étudier les activités qui y sont associées et leurs répercussions sanitaires. Afin de répondre au besoin du réseau de la santé publique de mieux comprendre les répercussions sanitaires associées aux activités minières, une revue de littérature...
Associations Between Age, Psychosocial Work Conditions, Occupational Well-Being, and Telomere Length in Geriatric Care Professionals
A Mixed-Methods Study Objective: We identified associations between age, psychosocial work characteristics, occupational well-being, and—as a measure of biological age—leukocyte telomere length in geriatric care professionals. Methods: This is a multisource study of self-reports on psychosocial work characteristics, standardized physician's evaluations of health, and relative telomere length measures of peripheral blood leukocytes. We included 141 geriatric care professionals. Telomere length was assessed by an improved polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based method. Results: Increased...
How institutions matter for job characteristics, quality and experiences
A comparison of home care work for older people in Australia and Sweden This article seeks to understand a puzzling finding: that workers in publicly funded home care for older people in Australia, compared to those in Sweden, feel that they are better able to meet their clients' needs, that their workplaces are less pressed, and that their work is less burdensome and more compatible with their family and social commitments. This finding seems to challenge expectations fostered by comparative sociological research that job quality and care services are inferior in Australia compared to Sweden...
Retentissement sur la santé des conditions de travail des intervenants d'une entreprise d'aide à domicile
Un questionnaire a permis de recueillir des éléments sur les conditions de travail des salariés d'une entreprise du secteur de l'aide à domicile. Les résultats montrent des contraintes physiques importantes ainsi qu'une charge mentale élevée. Suite aux préconisations du service de santé au travail, de nombreuses actions ont été mises en place sur des thématiques importantes telles que les accidents du travail, le renforcement de l'accompagnement de l'encadrement auprès des intervenants...
A multilevel study on the association of observer-assessed working conditions with depressive symptoms among female eldercare workers from 56 work units in 10 care homes in Denmark
Objectives: Eldercare workers in Denmark have a higher prevalence of poor psychological health than other occupational groups. We examined the association between working conditions assessed by trained observers and depressive symptoms assessed by self-report in a study of female Danish eldercare workers. Methods: Working conditions were observed based on action regulation theory and defined as (1) regulation requirements, a workplace resource providing opportunity for decision-making and skill development and (2) barriers for task completion. We examined the associations of individual and work...
Conditions de travail et performance des organisations publiques
Entre contraintes économiques et changements sociétaux, les trois fonctions publiques vivent une profonde mutation. Devant les tensions croissantes et la perte de repères ressentie par les agents, la question des conditions de travail et de la qualité de vie au travail s'impose. Source: Travail & Changement , avril-mai-juin 2015,numéro 359. http://fr.calameo.com/read/0000881550fa85c59f4c0
Les conditions de travail dans les établissements de santé
Les conditions de travail dans les établissements de santé sont particulières : contraintes de rythme de travail élevées, exposition à des produits dangereux, tensions avec le public, confrontation à la souffrance des patients. Les enquêtes sur les conditions de travail, réalisées depuis une décennie dans le milieu hospitalier, mettent toutefois en avant une diminution globale des contraintes de rythme et une stabilisation des contraintes horaires. Source: http://www.drees.sante.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/panorama2014_dossier1.pdf
Households as employers
Working conditions and job quality This report gives an overview of working conditions, job quality, workers' health and job sustainability in the activities of households as employers of domestic personnel sector (NACE 97), referred to here as the households as employers sector. It is based mostly on the fifth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS), which gathers data on working conditions and the quality of work across 34 European countries. Additional information on the structural characteristics of the sector is derived from Eurostat data. The fifth EWCS contains responses from 541 workers...
La médecine du travail aux urgences
Dans la plupart des pays européens, le médecin du travail est un acteur central de la prévention des risques professionnels. Médecin au service des salariés, il doit veiller à ce que le travail ne nuise pas à leur santé. De par sa connaissance de leur environnement professionnel, il intervient également auprès des employeurs afin qu'ils l'améliorent. La dégradation depuis plusieurs années des conditions d'exercice de ce métier représente donc une véritable menace pour la santé...
Working conditions of professional athletes
Professional athletes in Europe rarely have the benefit of collective agreements or social dialogue to help establish good basic working conditions and some form of employment protection. A study prepared by the sector's social partners, UNI Europa Sport Pro and EU Athletes, says that many have no formal employment contract at all, and lack of insurance or pension provision is all too common. In its conclusion, the social partners call on the European Commission to foster encourage social dialogue in the sector. Source : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/2013/09/EU1309011I.htm
The effect of external non-driving factors, payment type and waiting and queuing on fatigue in long distance trucking
INTRODUCTION : The aim of this study was to explore the effects of external influences on long distance trucking, in particular, incentive-based remuneration systems and the need to wait or queue to load or unload on driver experiences of fatigue. METHODS : Long distance truck drivers (n=475) were recruited at truck rest stops on the major transport corridors within New South Wales, Australia and asked to complete a survey by self-administration or interview. The survey covered demographics, usual working arrangements, details of the last trip and safety outcomes including fatigue experiences....
Contributions of ergonomics to the construction of bus drivers health and excellence in public transport and at work
This article is the product of research that analyzed the work of bus drivers of a public transportation company that is considered a benchmark reference in its field of operations, in which it strives to achieve operating excellence. Within this context, the authors sought to understand how such a company has managed to maintain a policy that is capable of reconciling quality public transport while also providing working conditions compatible with the professional development, comfort and health of its workers. Ergonomic work analysis and activity analysis were the guiding elements used in this...
Correlates of negative physical health in call center shift workers
The call center industry, a burgeoning sector is characterized by unique job demands, which render it susceptible to high attrition rates and negative health concerns. This study examined the relationship between job stress from interpersonal factors, job stress from work factors, coping, inadequate sleep, and negative physical health reports among call center shift workers (n = 239), a relatively under-researched population. Inadequate sleep and job stress from interpersonal factors were associated with negative physical health outcome for the participants in this study. Further, spending longer...
Is absence related to work stress? A repeated cross-sectional study on a special police force
Background Sickness absence due to illness is considered an indicator of work-related stress. Police work is a very stressful job. Sickness absence and sick leave are frequent among policemen. Methods We tested whether stress variables were predictors of absenteeism in a police unit specifically assigned to the maintenance of law and order. Results Control, Reward, and Support were negatively related to frequency of absence and short-term absence. Demand and Effort were positively related to total lost days. Absence recorded in the previous year was the best predictor of absenteeism. We also found...
Souffrance au travail : 71 mesures pour arrêter les dégâts
La FGAF (Fédération Générale Autonome des Fonctionnaires) publie un livre blanc sur la souffrance au travail permettant d'améliorer la qualité de vie au travail des agents de la fonction publique. Sur 200 pages, ce document dresse un état des lieux complet sur la souffrance au travail des fonctionnaires et des agents publics, une question de plus en plus cruciale dans le débat sur les conditions de travail. Réalisé avec la participation des 18 organisations membres de la FGAF issues des 4 fonctions publiques (Etat, territoriale...
Burnout aux soins intensifs
Le Service des soins intensifs est un lieu hautement stressant pour les patients mais également pour les soignants aussi bien aides-soignantes, infirmières que médecins. Le syndrome d'épuisement professionnel ou plus communément appelé «burnout» aujourd'hui guette ce personnel. Les objectifs de cet article sont de décrire : a) l'incidence de burnout dans les soins intensifs ; b) les facteurs favorisant son apparition et c) les impacts du syndrome aussi bien aux niveaux individuel que service et institutionnel. Les pistes de...
Health-Care Rx: Reducing work absences among Canadian nurses
Creating non-violent and supportive health-care workplaces might help prevent prolonged work absences among nurses. This is the upshot of a new study from the Institute for Work & Health. With the health-care sector having the highest rate of lost-time claims and work absence in the country, disability managers in Canada's health-care organizations may want to join forces with their counterparts in human resources to implement violence prevention and respectful workplace programs. A new study from the Institute for Work & Health (IWH) shows that emotional and physical abuse at work...
A Disposable Work Force: Farm Worker Advocates Push for Agricultural Worker Protections
A new report published by the advocacy organization Farmworker Justice criticizes the H-2A temporary guest work visa program, claiming it makes agricultural workers vulnerable to poor working conditions. Farm worker advocates argue that to improve these conditions, foreign agricultural workers should be able to seek legal immigration status. The report, “No Way To Treat a Guest: Why the H-2A Agricultural Visa Program Fails U.S. and Foreign Workers,” outlines why this visa system, which “allows agricultural employers to hire foreign guest workers on temporary work visas to fill...

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