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Working conditions and workers' health
This report uses European Working Conditions Survey data to examine working conditions and their implications for worker's health. Ensuring the sustainability of work in the context of ageing populations implies a greater number of people in employment who can remain in the workforce for longer. The report examines the interplay between work demands – which carry an increased risk of exhaustion – and work resources – which support workers in greater engagement and well-being. The findings indicate that physical risks have not increased but remain important, while emotional...
Working conditions of workers of different ages
Demographic change is changing the face of working life across the EU. The increased demand on a shrinking pool of workers to provide for the social needs of an ageing population is leading to increases in the employment rate of older workers and a lengthening of working life. Policy reforms have – on the whole – focused on raising the statutory retirement age and providing financial incentives for older workers to remain in work beyond retirement age. However, a range of other factors also influence workers' decision to continue working into old age – including health and...
Associations Between Age, Psychosocial Work Conditions, Occupational Well-Being, and Telomere Length in Geriatric Care Professionals
A Mixed-Methods Study Objective: We identified associations between age, psychosocial work characteristics, occupational well-being, and—as a measure of biological age—leukocyte telomere length in geriatric care professionals. Methods: This is a multisource study of self-reports on psychosocial work characteristics, standardized physician's evaluations of health, and relative telomere length measures of peripheral blood leukocytes. We included 141 geriatric care professionals. Telomere length was assessed by an improved polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based method. Results: Increased...
Conférence sur la contribution des travailleurs à des lieux de travail plus sûrs
En partenariat avec diverses sociétés d'ergonomie, l'ETUI a organisé les 26 et 27 juin 2017 à Bruxelles une conférence sur la manière dont les travailleurs contribuent à l'amélioration des conditions de travail. Intitulée « Travailleurs et créativité : comment améliorer les conditions de travail par des méthodes participatives », la conférence a réuni des ergonomes, des experts en sécurité et santé au travail, des travailleurs et des représentants...
Les départs précoces des pâtissiers salariés de l'artisanat
Comprendre pour agir en prévention Le départ précoce de la plupart des pâtissiers salariés de l'artisanat, survenant bien avant l'âge légal de la retraite, constitue à la fois un paradoxe et un défi de prévention en santé au travail. Le présent article fondé sur une analyse pluridisciplinaire décrit l'activité et les altérations de santé caractéristiques de ce métier, ses contraintes et la tension entre deux configurations différentes d'exercice...
The Work Organization of Long-Haul Truck Drivers and the Association With Body Mass Index
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine relationships between work organization features of work hours, work schedules, and job stress with body mass indexes (BMIs) of long-haul truck drivers. Methods: Face-to-face survey data were collected first, followed by collection of anthropometric measures including height and weight (n?=?260). Logistic regression (backward stepwise model) was used to identify significant predictors of BMI and to analyze odds ratios. Results: Mean BMI was 33.40?kg/m2, with 64.2% obese (BMI > 30?kg/m2) and 18.4% extreme/morbidly obese (BMI > 40?kg/m2). Working...
Precarious work and precarious workers
Towards an improved conceptualisation Discussion of the implications of precarious work for individual workers remains hesitant and often confused. A clear conceptualisation would separate out five analytical levels: precariousness in employment, precarious work, precarious workers individually and as an emerging class, and precarity as a general condition of social life. To illustrate the need to avoid slippage between the concepts of precarious work and precarious workers, we present one ‘theory-relevant' example – full-time secondary school students in Australia who hold part...
Can psychosocial work conditions protect against age-related cognitive decline?
Results from a systematic review According to the use it or lose it hypothesis, intellectually stimulating activities postpone age-related cognitive decline. A previous systematic review concluded that a high level of mental work demands and job control protected against cognitive decline. However, it did not distinguish between outcomes that were measured as cognitive function at one point in time or as cognitive decline. Our study aimed to systematically review which psychosocial working conditions were prospectively associated with high levels of cognitive function and/or changes in cognitive...
A multilevel study on the association of observer-assessed working conditions with depressive symptoms among female eldercare workers from 56 work units in 10 care homes in Denmark
OBJECTIVES: Eldercare workers in Denmark have a higher prevalence of poor psychological health than other occupational groups. We examined the association between working conditions assessed by trained observers and depressive symptoms assessed by self-report in a study of female Danish eldercare workers. METHODS: Working conditions were observed based on action regulation theory and defined as (1) regulation requirements, a workplace resource providing opportunity for decision-making and skill development and (2) barriers for task completion. We examined the associations of individual and work...
Exposition des salariés aux facteurs de pénibilité dans le travail
Les facteurs de pénibilité au travail ont été définis dans la loi de novembre 2010 portant réforme des retraites et confirmés dans la loi de janvier 2014. Ces dix facteurs couvrent des expositions à des contraintes physiques marquées, à un environnement physique agressif et à certains rythmes de travail. Si le nombre de salariés exposés à des facteurs de pénibilité dépend fortement des seuils qui permettent de les définir, les caractéristiques des personnes concernées...
The influence of demographics and working conditions on self-reported injuries among Latino day laborers
BACKGROUND: The majority of day laborers in the USA are Latinos. They are engaged in high-risk occupations and suffer high occupational injury rates. OBJECTIVES: To describe on-the-job injuries reported by Latino day laborers, explore the extent that demographic and occupational factors predict injuries, and whether summative measures for total job types, job conditions, and personal protective equipment (PPE) predict injuries. METHODS: A community survey was conducted with 327 participants at 15 corners in Houston, Texas. Hierarchical and multiple logistic regressions explored predictors of occupational...
Perspective de genre sur l'emploi et les conditions de travail des seniors
L'objectif de ce "Working paper" est d'investiguer systématiquement la dimension du genre dans la problématique des conditions de travail et d'emploi des travailleurs âgés (50 ans et plus). Les conditions de travail et d'emploi apparaissent de plus en plus clairement comme un enjeu clé dans le vieillissement au travail, mais les disparités entre les femmes et les hommes ne font pas l'objet, à ce jour, d'une attention suffisante. Ces disparités ne résultent pas seulement des processus de ségrégation...
La performance au travail ne s'amoindrit pas forcément avec l'âge
État des connaissances "Plus on vieillit, moins on est productif". Plusieurs études tordent cette idée reçue et pointent l'absence de lien systématique entre âge et productivité. La performance est fortement liée aux conditions de travail tout au long de la carrière. L'Anact a réalisé une synthèse des principaux travaux conduits sur le sujet. Sommes-nous « efficaces a` tout âge ? ». C'est la question posée par Volkoff, Molinie´ et Jolivet, en 2000 dans leur ouvrage...
Do working conditions explain the increased risks of disability pension among men and women with low education?
A follow-up of Swedish cohorts Objectives: Rates of disability pension are greatly increased among people with low education. This study examines the extent to which associations between education and disability pensions might be explained by differences in working conditions. Information on individuals at age 13 years was used to assess confounding of associations. Method: Two nationally representative samples of men and women born in 1948 and 1953 in Sweden (22 889 participants in total) were linked to information from social insurance records on cause (musculoskeletal, psychiatric, and other...
Invisibilisation de la pénibilité au travail, mixité et rapports de genre
Conducteurs et agents commerciaux dans le secteur ferroviaire L'article s'emploie à mettre à jour les modalités sexuées d'une reconnaissance de la pénibilité au travail à partir d'une enquête comparative réalisée auprès de deux catégories socioprofessionnelles d'une entreprise de transports (conducteurs et agents commerciaux). Il montre que l'invisibilisation des atteintes à la santé des femmes tient pour beaucoup aux mécanismes de répartition du travail entre les...
Working conditions of young entrants to the labour market
Young workers across the EU, particularly young labour market entrants, are faced with major employment difficulties. High unemployment rates and poorer working conditions for young people have added new negative dimensions to the traditional problems of this group in accessing work. This report looks at the current working conditions of Europe's young labour market entrants and how these conditions have evolved in recent years, especially during the crisis. It finds a greater prevalence of non-standard forms of employment among young workers. The study was compiled on the basis of individual...
Changes in working conditions and subsequent sickness absence
Objectives : The aim of the study was to examine the associations of changes in exposure to physical and psychosocial working conditions on subsequent sickness absence among ageing municipal employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland. Methods : Changes in exposure to working conditions were assessed between baseline (2000–2002) and follow-up (2007) surveys. Register-based sickness absence information was linked to the survey data (N=3739) and followed-up from the return of the questionnaire in 2007 to the end of 2010. The study included six measures of physical and two measures of psychosocial...
Attitude and flexibility are the most important work place factors for working parents' mental wellbeing, stress, and work engagement
Aims: The need to combine active employment and parenthood is a reality for many parents today. Knowing more about which work place factors are associated with better or worse health could help employers to form a work environment that provides optimal conditions to maintain or increase health and work engagement in this group. The aim of this study was to explore possible associations between different subjective and objective work factors and benefits, and a range of outcome variables such as stress, symptom report, wellbeing, work-related fatigue, work engagement, and work-family conflict among...
Genre : des inégalités de santé et de conditions de travail ?
Depuis 10 ans, l'analyse des statistiques d'accidents du travail, de trajet et de maladies professionnelles montre des évolutions différenciées selon le sexe. Si en 2010, les accidents du travail des femmes représentent un tiers des 650 000 accidents du travail, leur nombre a augmenté de 23% sur la période 2000-2010, alors que le nombre d'accidents du travail des hommes a diminué de 21%. En 2009, pour la 1ère fois, les accidents de trajet des femmes dépassent ceux des hommes. En 2010, pour la 1ère fois, le nombre...
Migrant workers in the international hotel industry
This Report addresses complex themes relating to migrant work and migrant workers in the international hotel industry, recognizing that the experience of migrant workers (international and internal), their employers and the wider community varies greatly in different countries and cultures. Source : http://www.ilo.org/sector/Resources/publications/WCMS_180596/lang--en/index.htm
Enquête québécoise sur des conditions de travail, d'emploi et de SST (EQCOTESST)
Le ministère du Travail doit réaliser tous les cinq ans une étude sur l'évolution des conditions de travail au Québec. À cette fin, il a mandaté, en 2007, l’Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST), l’Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ), l’Institut de la statistique du Québec (ISQ), le ministère du Travail, le ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux et la Commission des normes du travail (CNT) d’effectuer...

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