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The world(s) of work in transition
The report of the third joint ETUI-ETUC conference, held on 27-29 June 2018, summarises the three days of discussion that took place when over 500 delegates gathered in Brussels to debate the future of work. The ambition of the 2018 event was to analyse the impact of the four key ‘megatrends’ – globalization, climate change, digitalization and the demographic transition disrupting societies and economies. Source: https://www.etui.org/Publications2/Conference-reports/The-world-s-of-work-in-transition
Has the Economic Crisis Worsened the Work-Related Stress and Mental Health of Temporary Workers in Spain?
This paper analyses the causal effects of temporary employment on work-related stress and mental health before (2006/07) and during the economic crisis (2011/12) and examines whether the economic recession worsened these two health outcomes. To control for selection bias, propensity scores (PS) are computed separately for men and women using microdata from two cross-sectional surveys, considering temporary (treatment group) versus permanent employment (control group). Next, we use difference-in-differences estimators stratifying by age, education level, and regional unemployment differences using...
Réglementer l’incidence sur la santé et la sécurité au travail de l’économie des plateformes en ligne
L'essor de l'économie en ligne constitue un défi pour la santé et la sécurité au travail (SST). Le travail sur des plateformes en ligne — c'est-à-dire assuré par l'intermédiaire, sur ou au moyen de plateformes en ligne — est caractérisé par une large gamme de formules de travail, y compris le travail occasionnel, le travail indépendant économiquement dépendant, le travail à la tâche, le télétravail et le «crowdwork». Le présent rapport...
L’insécurité au travail et son impact sur la santé
Bibliographie thématique L'objectif de cette bibliographie est de recenser la littérature française et internationale (articles, ouvrages, rapports, documents de travail …) sur la relation entre l'insécurité au travail (chômage, licenciements massifs, restructurations des entreprises…) et la santé des individus et de leur famille. Source: http://www.irdes.fr/documentation/syntheses/l-insecurite-au-travail-et-son-impact-sur-la-sante.pdf
In times of change: How distance managers can ensure employees’ wellbeing and organizational performance
Organizations develop and adapt to societal changes and technological developments, where one consequence is that dispersed workers are more common than never before. It is difficult to ensure employee wellbeing and performance, when separating managers from employees by either time or geography. This paper explores the wellbeing of employees doing distance work, and examines the practices of the distance manager aimed at ensuring employee wellbeing and organizational performance. The pilot study use a case study approach in four organizations with qualitative interviews of distance managers and...
Globalization, Work, and Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular disease (CVD), a global epidemic, is responsible for about 30% of all deaths worldwide. While mortality rates from CVD have been mostly declining in the advanced industrialized nations, CVD risk factors, including hypertension, obesity, and diabetes, have been on the increase everywhere. Researchers investigating the social causes of CVD have produced a robust body of evidence documenting the relationships between the work environment and CVD, including through the mechanisms of psychosocial work stressors. We review the empirical evidence linking work, psychosocial stressors, and...
Workplace psychological harassment in Canadian nurses: A descriptive study
This descriptive study investigated workplace psychological harassment in a sample of 1179 Canadian nurses. Two complementary types of assessment were used: exposure to negative behaviors and perceived victimization. Results revealed that exposure to negative behaviors was associated with certain sociodemographic variables (i.e. job status and the amount of overtime performed weekly), lower psychological health, and poorer functioning at work. Although many nurses reported being exposed to negative behaviors, few perceived these behaviors as psychological harassment per se. However, regardless...
Stress et hypertension : quand la lutte des classes s’en mêle
L'impact du stress sur la pression artérielle pourrait différer selon le statut socioprofessionnel. C'est ce que montrent les récents travaux d'une équipe de l'Inserm. À l'issue d'une étude portant sur près de 123 000 personnes, les auteurs ont constaté que chez les ouvriers et les chômeurs, le stress est associé à une élévation de la pression artérielle. En revanche, il a peu d'effet sur les employés et les professions intermédiaires et semble même être...
Obesity Study Examines Impact of Work Conditions on Weight
A new study, "Obesity/Overweight and the Role of Working Conditions," links weight and working conditions among low-wage workers, and rather than focusing on sedentary lifestyles, examines workers toiling in heavy labor and how their work conditions contribute to weight gain and obesity. Obesity Study Examines Impact of Work Conditions on Weight. Doctors often advise overweight patients to diet and exercise. But what if a lack of exercise isn’t the problem? "Obesity/Overweight and the Role of Working Conditions," a new report released Nov. 13 by the University of Massachusetts...
USA: Work in a depression is depressing
Watching people lose their jobs all around you will make you sick, even if you hold onto your own job, new research has found. Researchers from the University of Michigan examined the impact of the 'Great Recession' on a group of 440 over-25 workers in south Michigan in 2009-10. They found perceived job insecurity 'was associated with significantly higher odds of reporting fair or poor self-rated health at the time of interview, symptoms over the past 2 weeks suggesting major or minor depression, and an anxiety attack in the past 4 weeks, even after adjustment for workers' socio...
La crise économique, un facteur générateur d’absences ?
L'absentéisme en entreprise est un indicateur de dysfonctionnements divers : organisation du travail, santé du personnel, engagement et implication, qualité des relations sociales. Les conditions de travail jouent donc un rôle crucial dans les variations de cet indicateur. Mais qu'en est-il en temps de crise ? Dans une année 2009 marquée par un fort ralentissement économique, et une augmentation du chômage, la peur de perdre son emploi devrait avoir fait reculer l'absentéisme. ALMA Consulting Group nous livre le contraire...

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