Parcourir par tags

Tous les tags » Effets sur les travailleurs » Indicateurs (RSS)
Enhancing the detection of injuries and near-misses among patient care staff in a large pediatric hospital
Objective: Compared to other industries, healthcare has one of the highest rates of non-fatal occupational injury/illness. Evidence indicates these rates are underestimated, highlighting the need for improved injury surveillance. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating active data collection in a passive injury surveillance system to improve detection of injuries in a healthcare establishment. Methods: Using digital voice recorders (DVR), pediatric healthcare providers prospectively recorded events throughout their shift for two weeks. This sample-based active injury surveillance...
An Approach to Assess the Burden of Work-Related Injury, Disease, and Distress
The true burden (morbidity, mortality, disability, cost, pain, distress) of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries is unknown, and what is reported as burden is significantly underestimated. This underestimation affects the way decision-makers view investments in research and worker protection, which in turn has a substantial impact on national welfare and public health. To better describe the societal and individual burdens of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries, we propose an approach to gauge what is known about burden and where new assessments may be made. This...
Leading or lagging? Temporal analysis of safety indicators on a large infrastructure construction project
Safety performance data collected over a five year period, at a large Australian infrastructure project was analysed. The analysis examined the temporal relationships between the safety performance indicators measured at the project, including traditional lagging indicators, as well as expected leading indicators. The purpose of the research was to uncover time dependent relationships and explore causal relationships between indicators. The analysis revealed complex interactions between safety indicators over time. Notably, the expected leading indicators behaved as both leading and lagging indicators...
How to Put Leading Indicators into Practice
The use of leading indicators is a growing hot topic in occupational and environmental health and safety. The Campbell Institute at the National Safety Council has been studying leading indicators for the past two years to help more organizations take advantage of their predictive power. The Institute defines leading indicators as proactive, preventive, and predictive measures to identify and eliminate risks and hazards in the workplace that can cause incidents and injuries. Consider an indicator as a concept that a company would like to measure, such as “employee engagement.” In contrast...
Developing register-based measures for assessment of working time patterns for epidemiologic studies
Objectives: Epidemiological studies suggest that long working hours and shift work may increase the risk of chronic diseases, but the “toxic” elements remain unclear due to crude assessment of working time patterns based on self-reports. In this methodological paper, we present and evaluate objective register-based algorithms for assessment of working time patterns and validate a method to retrieve standard payroll data on working hours from the employer electronic records. Methods: Detailed working hour records from employers' registers were obtained for 12 391 nurses and physicians...
Measuring operational performance of OSH management system
A demonstration of AHP-based selection of leading key performance indicators Occupational safety and health management systems (OSH MSs) have been implemented in numerous enterprises worldwide since the mid-1980s. While stakeholders still have expectations on better prevention of occupational injuries and diseases, and on improving the working conditions, it suggest that new approaches are now needed to ensure OSH MS effectiveness, including development of new methods that would facilitate measurement of OHS MS operational status aimed at the genuine improvement of OSH management practices. A review...
Impact of Organizational Policies and Practices on Workplace Injuries in a Hospital Setting
Objective: This study aimed to assess relationships between perceptions of organizational practices and policies (OPP), social support, and injury rates among workers in hospital units. Methods: A total of 1230 hospital workers provided survey data on OPP, job flexibility, and social support. Demographic data and unit injury rates were collected from the hospitals' administrative databases. Results: Injury rates were lower in units where workers reported higher OPP scores and high social support. These relationships were mainly observed among registered nurses. Registered nurses perceived coworker...
Mise en place d’un système de surveillance des suicides en lien avec le travail
En France, la question des suicides en lien avec le travail est soulevée avec une acuité particulière depuis plusieurs années. Ce phénomène semble s'être amplifié sans qu'il soit possible pour l'instant de le quantifier. L'objectif de cette étude exploratoire est de tester l'utilisation de sources de données existantes françaises (système multi-sources) pour estimer la fréquence des suicides liés au travail et les décrire. L'étude a été conduite en...
La Dares souligne le rôle important des conditions de travail dans les absences au travail
L'absentéisme est souvent perçu comme un comportement opportuniste du salarié. Or une publication récente de la DARES soutient que les variations du taux absentéisme relèvent pour beaucoup des différentes contraintes physiques et/ou mentales auxquelles les salariés peuvent être exposés. Les enquêtes statistiques exhaustives sur l'absentéisme sont rares. L'étude "Les absences au travail des salariés pour raisons de santé : un rôle important des conditions de travail"...
Poor Health but Not Absent: Prevalence, Predictors, and Outcomes of Presenteeism
Objective : The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of presenteeism, to develop and test a model of the relationship between workplace factors and presenteeism, and to assess the perceived influence of manager, coworkers, and self on presenteeism. Methods : We used survey data collected for 6309 employees from seven different organizations. Results : Nearly 60% of the sample reported presenteeism during a 3-month period. The model was supported, with presenteeism linking workplace factors and health outcomes to productivity, as predicted. The majority of participants (67%) indicated...
Enquête québécoise sur des conditions de travail, d'emploi et de SST (EQCOTESST)
Le ministère du Travail doit réaliser tous les cinq ans une étude sur l'évolution des conditions de travail au Québec. À cette fin, il a mandaté, en 2007, l’Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST), l’Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ), l’Institut de la statistique du Québec (ISQ), le ministère du Travail, le ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux et la Commission des normes du travail (CNT) d’effectuer...
L’influence des conditions de travail sur les dépenses de santé
L'objectif de cette étude est d'estimer l'impact de certaines conditions de travail sur des indicateurs de dépenses de santé et de mesurer l'effet agrégé sur les dépenses de santé de la collectivité. Cette analyse empirique repose sur un échantillon de salariés âgés de 18 à 65 ans ; ces données sont issues de l'enquête Santé 2002-2003. Publié par l'IRDES (Institut de recherche et documentation en économie de la santé), mars 2011. Source : http...
Benchmarking organizational leading indicators for the prevention and management of injuries and illnesses
Can a simple tool be developed that will predict a firm's workplace injury experience based on an assessment of its health and safety policies and practices? This was the question that a team of partners within Ontario's occupational health and safety system set out to answer, and it looks like the answer is “yes.” The team developed an eight-item questionnaire that was then administered to over 800 workplaces. One respondent in each workplace was asked to assess the degree to which their organization adhered to optimal occupational health and safety policies and practices....
Quels indicateurs de la qualité de vie au travail ?
Dossier spécial dans Travail & changement , No 334, Novembre / Décembre 2010 Le foisonnement des indicateurs mis en place dans les entreprises est un indéniable gage de bonne foi dans leur tentative d'aborder la qualité de vie au travail. Mais cette multitude est aussi révélatrice d'un manque de cohésion à l'échelle nationale. L'Anact s'est donc essayé à rendre plus utiles et incontournables ces indicateurs, regroupé en quatre grandes familles dessinant les contours d'un indice, le CSE...
Painting, Firefighting, and Shiftwork
IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans , Volume 98 (2010) This publication represents the views and expert opinions of an IARC Monographs Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, which met in Lyon, 2–9 October 2007. Source : http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs/vol98/
Health at Work
Indicators and Determinants In this paper, the current knowledge and issues regarding the economic impact of health at work in Germany is reviewed as a part of the EU project “An inquiry into health and safety at work: a European Union perspective” (acronym: HEALTHat-WORK). After a description of the German institutional framework for occupational safety and health (OSH), it presents indicators of health and safety at work – such as sickness absences, occupational accidents and diseases, disability rents, working conditions, and OSH policy. The paper's major contribution is...
Why Do Employees Come to Work When Ill?
An investigation into sickness presence in the workplace This leading-edge report emphasises that employers should not ignore the impact of sickness presence – working when ill- as it relates to lower performance, higher sickness absence, higher work-related stress and poorer psychological wellbeing. Source : http://www.theworkfoundation.com/research/publications/publicationdetail.aspx?oItemId=242&parentPageID=102&PubType
La crise économique, un facteur générateur d’absences ?
L'absentéisme en entreprise est un indicateur de dysfonctionnements divers : organisation du travail, santé du personnel, engagement et implication, qualité des relations sociales. Les conditions de travail jouent donc un rôle crucial dans les variations de cet indicateur. Mais qu'en est-il en temps de crise ? Dans une année 2009 marquée par un fort ralentissement économique, et une augmentation du chômage, la peur de perdre son emploi devrait avoir fait reculer l'absentéisme. ALMA Consulting Group nous livre le contraire...
Absentéisme : le débat est ouvert
Dossier spécial dans Travail & changement , No 329, Janvier / Février 2010 Difficile de se pencher sur un sujet lorsque celui-ci est encore mal défini... mais se fait bel et bien sentir. C'est pourtant bien la tâche incombant aux entreprises pour mieux comprendre et prévenir l'absentéisme, qui a considérablement crû en France ces vingt dernières années. Source : http://www.anact.fr/portal/pls/portal/docs/1/3300374.PDF
L'absentéisme. Outils et méthodes pour agir
Pour agir sur l’absentéisme, il est nécessaire d’en cerner les caractéristiques, de le défi nir, de préciser quels moyens l’entreprise peut mobiliser pour le réduire. Le plus souvent, les solutions trop globales s’avèrent un leurre. C’est plutôt par un ensemble cohérent de mesures particulières que l’on parvient à rétablir la situation. Une politique de petits pas est préférable à des actions spectaculaires mais peu suivies dans le temps. Il est primordial...

Abonnement courriel

Messages récents

Catégories

Mots-Clés (Tags)

Blogoliste

Archives