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Strategies to improve the implementation of workplace-based policies or practices targeting tobacco, alcohol, diet, physical activity and obesity
Implementation strategies are meant to improve the adoption and integration of evidence-based health interventions into routine policies and practices within specific settings. This review examined whether using these strategies improved the implementation of policies and practices in the workplace promoting: •Healthy eating •Physical activity •Weight control •Tobacco cessation •Prevention of risky alcohol consumption The review authors also wanted to know if these strategies changed employees' health behaviours, caused any unintended effects, and were good value for...
Burnout in the workplace: A review of data and policy responses in the EU
This report looks at the extent of burnout experienced by workers in the EU, based on national research. As a starting point, the report sets out to consider whether burnout is viewed as a medical or occupational disease. It then examines the work determinants associated with burnout and looks at the effects of burnout, including psychosocial and physical work factors, work intensity and work organisation. It also reviews national strategies and policies regarding this issue, the involvement of the social partners in the current debate, as well as preventive actions currently in place. Source:...
Enhancing the detection of injuries and near-misses among patient care staff in a large pediatric hospital
Objective: Compared to other industries, healthcare has one of the highest rates of non-fatal occupational injury/illness. Evidence indicates these rates are underestimated, highlighting the need for improved injury surveillance. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating active data collection in a passive injury surveillance system to improve detection of injuries in a healthcare establishment. Methods: Using digital voice recorders (DVR), pediatric healthcare providers prospectively recorded events throughout their shift for two weeks. This sample-based active injury surveillance...
Do psychosocial job resources buffer the relation between physical work demands and coronary heart disease
A prospective study among men PURPOSE: Increasing evidence shows the detrimental impact of high physical work demands for cardiovascular health and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the buffering effects of social support at work and job control in the relation between physical work demands and incidence of coronary events. METHODS: The study included 14,337 middle-aged men free from coronary heart disease (CHD) at baseline. The sample consisted of a mixed occupational group recruited within 18 organizations from the manufacturing, service, and public sector. Data were collected...
Long-Term Cost-Effectiveness and Return-on-Investment of a Mindfulness-Based Worksite Intervention
Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial Objectives: The aim of this study was to conduct a cost-effectiveness and return-on-investment analysis comparing a mindfulness-based worksite intervention to usual practice. Methods: Two hundred fifty-seven governmental research institute employees were randomized to the intervention or control group. Intervention group participants received an eight-week mindfulness training, e-coaching, and supporting elements. Outcomes included work engagement, general vitality, job satisfaction, work ability, and costs. Cost-effectiveness analyses were conducted from...
How to Put Leading Indicators into Practice
The use of leading indicators is a growing hot topic in occupational and environmental health and safety. The Campbell Institute at the National Safety Council has been studying leading indicators for the past two years to help more organizations take advantage of their predictive power. The Institute defines leading indicators as proactive, preventive, and predictive measures to identify and eliminate risks and hazards in the workplace that can cause incidents and injuries. Consider an indicator as a concept that a company would like to measure, such as “employee engagement.” In contrast...
Ergonomie et psychodynamique du travail
Si elle partage avec l'ergonomie une préoccupation pour la question de l'action, la psychodynamique du travail porte l'investigation sur l'élucidation du rapport subjectif au travail et du chaînon capital des défenses. Cela la conduit à mettre l'accent sur les obstacles qui viennent entraver la démarche de transformation en les situant non pas seulement du côté des contraintes externes de l'organisation du travail, mais aussi comme le résultat de contraintes internes aux sujets. De la prise en compte de la vulnérabilité...
Measuring operational performance of OSH management system
A demonstration of AHP-based selection of leading key performance indicators Occupational safety and health management systems (OSH MSs) have been implemented in numerous enterprises worldwide since the mid-1980s. While stakeholders still have expectations on better prevention of occupational injuries and diseases, and on improving the working conditions, it suggest that new approaches are now needed to ensure OSH MS effectiveness, including development of new methods that would facilitate measurement of OHS MS operational status aimed at the genuine improvement of OSH management practices. A review...
Psychosocial risks in Europe
Prevalence and strategies for prevention The report on psychosocial risks at work is a joint publication from the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) and the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound). It draws on the complementary work of the two agencies, which is reflected in their different roles. Acknowledging the complexity of the relationship between health and work, the report presents comparative information on the prevalence of psychosocial risks among workers and examines the associations between these risks and health and...
Impact of Organizational Policies and Practices on Workplace Injuries in a Hospital Setting
Objective: This study aimed to assess relationships between perceptions of organizational practices and policies (OPP), social support, and injury rates among workers in hospital units. Methods: A total of 1230 hospital workers provided survey data on OPP, job flexibility, and social support. Demographic data and unit injury rates were collected from the hospitals' administrative databases. Results: Injury rates were lower in units where workers reported higher OPP scores and high social support. These relationships were mainly observed among registered nurses. Registered nurses perceived coworker...
The Longitudinal Prediction of Costs due to Health Care Uptake and Productivity Losses in a Cohort of Employees With and Without Depression or Anxiety
Objective: To examine how various predictors and subgroups of respondents contribute to the prediction of health care and productivity costs in a cohort of employees. Methods: We selected 1548 employed people from a cohort study with and without depressive and anxiety symptoms or disorders. Prediction rules, using the RuleFit program, were applied to identify predictors and subgroups of respondents, and to predict estimations of subsequent 1-year health care and productivity costs. Results: Symptom severity and diagnosis of depression and anxiety were the most important predictors of health care...
Improving Employee Productivity Through Improved Health
Objective : The objective of this study was to estimate productivity-related savings associated with employee participation in health promotion programs. Methods : Propensity score weighting and multiple regression techniques were used to estimate savings. These techniques were adjusted for demographic and health status differences between participants who engaged in one or more telephonic health management programs and nonparticipants who were eligible for but did not engage in these programs. Results : Employees who participated in a program and successfully improved their health care or lifestyle...
The effectiveness of a construction worksite prevention program on work ability, health, and sick leave
Objective This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a prevention program on work ability, health, and sick leave targeted at construction worksites. Methods A total of 15 departments (N=297 workers) from 6 construction companies participated in this cluster randomized controlled trial and were randomly allocated to the intervention (8 departments; N=171 workers) or control (7 departments; N=122 workers) group. The intervention consisted of two individual training sessions with a physical therapist aimed at lowering the physical workload, a rest-break tool to improve the balance between...
Getting better and Staying better: Assessing civility, incivility, distress, and job attitudes one year after a civility intervention.
Health care providers ( n = 1,957) in Canada participated in a project to assess an intervention to enhance workplace civility. They completed surveys before the intervention, immediately after the intervention, and one year later. Results highlighted three patterns of change over the three assessments. These data were contrasted with data from control groups, which remained constant over the study period. For workplace civility, experienced supervisor incivility, and distress, the pattern followed an Augmentation Model for the intervention groups, in which improvements continued after the end...
Australia: Action urged on workplace bullying
On Monday 26 November 2012, the House Standing Committee on Education and Employment tabled its report on the inquiry into workplace bullying entitled: Workplace Bullying "We just want it to stop". An Australian parliamentary inquiry into workplace bullying has urged the government to set up a national service to provide practical advice on bullying and how to deal with it. The service would include a hotline where both employees and employers could receive help to prevent and resolve cases of bullying. The inquiry by a standing committee of the House of Representatives received more...
Systematic review of the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of employee assistance programmes
Employee Assistance Programmes (EAPs) are common organisational practice. Recent estimates suggest that over eight million employees in the UK have access to EAP services and between five to ten per cent of those with access will use the services. The constituent services of EAPs vary. However, all tend to deliver a proportion of their services through individual counselling. A range of employee support services is claimed to offer a number of benefits to both employees and employers including improvements in such outcomes as sickness absence and staff turnover, employee psychological well-­...
Effective and Viable Mind-Body Stress Reduction in the Workplace
A Randomized Controlled Trial Highly stressed employees are subject to greater health risks, increased cost, and productivity losses than those with normal stress levels. To address this issue in an evidence-based manner, worksite stress management programs must be able to engage individuals as well as capture data on stress, health indices, work productivity, and health care costs. In this randomized controlled pilot, our primary objective was to evaluate the viability and proof of concept for two mind-body workplace stress reduction programs (one therapeutic yoga-based and the other mindfulness...
Pour un meilleur usage de la messagerie électronique dans les entreprises
Si les outils de communication électronique offrent de nombreuses potentialités techniques et organisationnelles, ils conduisent aussi à une profonde mutation des systèmes d'organisation des entreprises. Prenant appui sur des travaux menés par des chercheurs et les retours d'expérience des entreprises et des syndicats, l'ORSE (Observatoire sur la Responsabilité Sociétale des Entreprises) a fait un constat d'une montée des risques psychosociaux liés à de mauvais usages des courriels : sentiment d'urgence...
Stress is number one cause of long-term absence for the first time as job insecurity weighs heavy on the workplace, finds CIPD/Simplyhealth Absence survey
Stress is, for the first time, the most common cause of long-term sickness absence for both manual and non-manual employees, according to this year’s Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD)/Simplyhealth Absence Management survey. A link between job security and mental health problems is also revealed in the survey. Employers planning to make redundancies in the next six months are significantly more likely to report an increase in mental health problems among their staff (51% compared with 32% who are not planning redundancies). For manual workers, stress is now level with...
Benchmarking organizational leading indicators for the prevention and management of injuries and illnesses
Can a simple tool be developed that will predict a firm's workplace injury experience based on an assessment of its health and safety policies and practices? This was the question that a team of partners within Ontario's occupational health and safety system set out to answer, and it looks like the answer is “yes.” The team developed an eight-item questionnaire that was then administered to over 800 workplaces. One respondent in each workplace was asked to assess the degree to which their organization adhered to optimal occupational health and safety policies and practices....
Economic Evaluation Workbook for Workplace Parties in the Healthcare Sector
Health and safety managers need information on the financial implications of health and safety interventions at their healthcare facilities in order to make informed resource allocation decisions. However, Institute for Work & Health (IWH) researchers have found that few economic evaluations of health and safety interventions have been conducted in healthcare or other sectors, so there is little information available to occupational health and safety (OHS) decision makers from external sources. To address this gap, the research team worked with partners to develop a step-by-step software tool...
Health at Work
Indicators and Determinants In this paper, the current knowledge and issues regarding the economic impact of health at work in Germany is reviewed as a part of the EU project “An inquiry into health and safety at work: a European Union perspective” (acronym: HEALTHat-WORK). After a description of the German institutional framework for occupational safety and health (OSH), it presents indicators of health and safety at work – such as sickness absences, occupational accidents and diseases, disability rents, working conditions, and OSH policy. The paper's major contribution is...
Profit at the Bottom of the Ladder
Rapport sommaire sur l'expérience de compagnies qui améliorent les conditions de travail de leur personnel au bas de l'échelle Cette étude porte sur des compagnies qui ont investi dans le personnel se situant au bas de l'échelle corporative. Pendant six années de recherche, nous avons procédé à des études de cas auprès d'entreprises dans neuf pays. Ces compagnies comptent de 27 à 126 000 employés et se spécialisent dans le domaine de l'automobile, des articles personnels, du matériel...
SJWEH - Numéro consacré aux coûts de la SST
Le dernier numéro du Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health (volume 36, no 4, 2010) traite de la thématique des coûts de la santé et de la sécurité du travail. Tous les articles du dossier thématique sont disponibles en libre accès. Source : http://www.sjweh.fi/show_issue.php?issue_id=279
La fatigue des infirmières et la sécurité des patients
L'AIIC et l'AIIAO ont effectué une analyse contextuelle générale – comportant des entrevues menées auprès de personnes-ressource clés, des groupes de discussion, un sondage national et une recherche documentaire détaillée – pour déterminer les normes actuelles qui ont trait à la fatigue des infirmières et à la sécurité des patients partout au Canada. Les chercheurs ont en outre défini des solutions recommandées à ce problème critique en soins de santé...
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