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Mental Illness, Social Suffering and Structural Antagonism in the Labour Process
Workplace conditions and experiences powerfully influence mental health and individuals experiencing mental illness, including the extent to which people experiencing mental ill-health are ‘disabled' by their work environments. This article explains how examination of the social suffering experienced in workplaces by people with mental illness could enhance understanding of the inter-relationships between mental health and workplace conditions, including experiences and characteristics of the overarching labour process. It examines how workplace perceptions and narratives around mental...
The world(s) of work in transition
The report of the third joint ETUI-ETUC conference, held on 27-29 June 2018, summarises the three days of discussion that took place when over 500 delegates gathered in Brussels to debate the future of work. The ambition of the 2018 event was to analyse the impact of the four key ‘megatrends’ – globalization, climate change, digitalization and the demographic transition disrupting societies and economies. Source:
The role of health problems and drug treatments in accidental injury at work
This report analysed risks of workplace injury arising from epilepsy, diabetes, mental health disorders, impairments of vision and hearing, disorders of balance, and certain drug treatments known to effect brain function. Source:
Does age modify the association between psychosocial factors at work and deterioration of self-rated health?
Does age modify the association between psychosocial factors at work and deterioration of self-rated health? The paper is to our knowledge the first to assess directly if age interacts with psychosocial work environment factors as risk factors for self-rated health. The paper could generally not find major modifying effects applying a RERI approach and a linear approach, and excluding people with poor health at baseline or including these people. Source: Burr H, Hasselhorn HM, Kersten N, Pohrt A, Rugulies R. (2017). Scand J Work Environ Health .
Job strain and informal caregiving as predictors of long-term sickness
A longitudinal multi-cohort study This study is the first to investigate the joint effects of job strain and informal caregiving on long-term sickness absence. The main finding was that informal caregiving responsibilities and/or high job strain predicted long-term sickness absence among women. Source: Mortensen J, Dich N, Lange T, Alexanderson K, Goldberg M, Head J, Kivimäki M, Madsen IEH, Rugulies R, Vahtera J, Zins M, Rod NH. Scand J Work Environ Health .
L’effet des contraintes physiques du travail sur les maladies cardiovasculaires chez les femmes
Enquête Santé et itinéraire professionnel, vagues 2006 et 2010, France En France, les maladies cardiovasculaires (MCV) représentent la première cause de mortalité chez les femmes. Le rôle du milieu professionnel dans l'apparition de ces pathologies est peu documenté. L'objectif de cette étude est d'évaluer l'effet de l'exposition aux contraintes physiques du travail sur la déclaration de MCV chez les femmes. Source:
Attitude and flexibility are the most important work place factors for working parents' mental wellbeing, stress, and work engagement
Aims: The need to combine active employment and parenthood is a reality for many parents today. Knowing more about which work place factors are associated with better or worse health could help employers to form a work environment that provides optimal conditions to maintain or increase health and work engagement in this group. The aim of this study was to explore possible associations between different subjective and objective work factors and benefits, and a range of outcome variables such as stress, symptom report, wellbeing, work-related fatigue, work engagement, and work-family conflict among...
Quel est l'impact des TIC sur les conditions de travail dans la fonction publique ?
Une note récente du Centre d'analyse stratégique aborde la question des modifications de l'organisation du travail induites par l'utilisation des technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) dans la fonction publique. Le document souligne les améliorations des conditions de travail liées aux TIC (diversification des tâches et des missions des agents, gain en autonomie, diminution du travail administratif…), mais il pointe également certaines conséquences négatives : l'isolement dans le travail, surinformation...
Do work factors modify the association between chronic health problems and sickness absence among older employees?
The aim of this study was to (i) assess how common chronic health problems and work-related factors predict sickness absence and (ii) explore whether work-related factors modify the effects of health problems on sickness absence. Common health problems were related to follow-up sickness absence, most strongly to high cumulative sickness absence (>9 days per year). Baseline psychological health problems were strongly related to high sickness absence at follow-up [odds ratio (OR) 3.67, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 2.80–4.82]. Higher job demands at baseline increased the likelihood of...
Working beyond 65: A qualitative study of perceived hazards and discomforts at work
Objective : This qualitative study explored self-reports of hazards and discomforts in the workplace and coping strategies among those choosing to work beyond the age of 65 years. Participants: 30 people aged 66-91 years took part. Most worked part-time in professional or administrative roles. Methods : Each participant engaged in one semi-structured interview. Results : Participants described some hazards and discomforts in their current work, but no recent accidents. The main age-related discomfort was tiredness. Other hazards that recurred in participants' accounts were physical demands...
Poor health, unhealthy behaviors, and unfavorable work characteristics influence pathways of exit from paid employment among older workers in Europe
Objectives The aim of this study was to get insight into the role of poor health, unhealthy behaviors, and unfavorable work characteristics on exit from paid employment due to disability pension, unemployment, and early retirement among older workers. Results Poor health was a risk factor for disability pension [hazard ratio (HR) 3.90, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 2.51–6.05], and a lack of physical activity was a risk factor for disability pension (HR 3.05, 95% CI 1.68–5.55) and unemployment (HR 1.84, 95% CI 1.13–3.01). A lack of job control was a risk factor for disability...
Eurofound publishes a study on sustainable work and the ageing workforce
A new study of Eurofound, based on the fifth European Working Conditions Survey, examines the ways older workers perceive the sustainability of their work, taking account of differences between workers in terms of age, occupation and gender. In addition, the working conditions of the ageing workforce across Member States of the European Union are compared. Source :
Perceived information and communication technology (ICT) demands on employee outcomes
The moderating effect of organizational ICT support Although many employees are using more information communication technology (ICT) as part of their jobs, few studies have examined the impact of ICT on their well-being, and there is a lack of validated measures designed to assess the ICT factors that may impact employee well-being. Therefore, we developed and validated a measure of ICT demands and supports. Using Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling, we found support for 8 ICT demands (i.e., availability, communication, ICT control, ICT hassles, employee monitoring, learning, response expectations...
A worksite vitality intervention to improve older workers' lifestyle and vitality-related outcomes: results of a randomised controlled trial
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a worksite vitality intervention on vigorous physical activity (VPA), fruit intake, aerobic capacity, mental health and need for recovery after work among older hospital workers (ie, 45 years and older). Methods: The 6-month intervention was evaluated using a randomised controlled trial design. Workers who were randomised to the intervention group (n=367; control: n=363) received the Vital@Work intervention containing (1) a Vitality Exercise Program (VEP) combined with (2) three visits to Personal Vitality Coach. The VEP consisted of a weekly yoga session...
Synthèse des principales données sur l'emploi des seniors
Ce dossier fournit les données statistiques les plus récentes disponibles sur l'emploi, l'activité et le chômage des seniors, les 50-64 ans, avec graphiques à l'appui. Le taux d'emploi des seniors est variable selon la tranche d'âge. En 2010, 64,2% des hommes de 55-59 ans sont en emploi et 57,2% des femmes de la même tranche d'âge. Ces taux d'emploi chutent à partir de 60 ans : taux d'emploi des hommes de 60-64 ans est 19,1%. Celui des femmes est de 16,7%. Le taux de chômage des hommes de 55-64 ans...
Precarious employment may affect worker health
In most developed countries, there has been an increase in the number of employment arrangements that are temporary and insecure. There are concerns that these employment arrangements may have adverse effects on the health of workers. In a longitudinal study of a representative sample of Canadian workers, certain work characteristics associated with precarious employment—i.e. low pay, no pay increase, substantial unpaid overtime, no pension and manual work—put workers at increased risk of poor physical health. Source : Scott-Marshall H ; Tompa E. The health consequences of precarious...
Une étude Inserm sur le stress au travail des indépendants
Ces dernières années, la connaissance sur les phénomènes de stress au travail concernant les salariés a progressé. Mais qu'en est-il des indépendants, regroupant travailleurs isolés ou chefs de petites entreprises, professions intellectuelles ou manuelles ? L'Inserm dévoile le rapport d'un groupe d'experts. Le régime social des indépendants (RSI), qui assure la couverture maladie et de retraite des artisans et des commerçants, des professions libérales et des chefs d’entreprise indépendants...
Un projet lorrain pour concilier lean et amélioration des conditions de travail
Des PME lorraines ayant mis en oeuvre des démarche lean constatent une amélioration de la productivité, mais un aussi un impact sur la santé des salariés. Avec l’appui de l’ARACT, une action régionale vise à cerner les conditions d'un déploiement intégrant l'ensemble des dimensions de la performance. Certaines de ces entreprises s’interrogent aujourd’hui sur les effets possibles de ces démarches. Elles notent, certes, les effets bénéfiques dans un premier temps des réorganisations...

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