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Characteristics and determinants of recurrent occupational accidents
Recurrent occupational accidents provide valuable information for prevention purposes. Characteristics of recurrent occupational accidents were studied using a dataset of a Finnish insurance company including 21,580 subjects having at least two compensated workplace accidents with the same working process. For more than two thirds (70%) of the subjects, the circumstances and causes of the first accident did not reoccur in the second accident but their recurrence was substantial, typically around 30%. Working process and characteristics of the first accident affected the reoccurrence. In services...
Les blessures professionnelles et leurs déterminants
Mieux comprendre le rôle du secteur industriel et de la profession L'ampleur actuelle de la morbidité et de la mortalité liées aux blessures professionnelles (c.-à-d. accidents du travail, troubles liés aux mouvements répétitifs) pèse lourd sur la productivité des travailleurs, des entreprises et de la société canadienne. Annuellement, les données révèlent qu'un Canadien sur quinze est blessé dans l'exercice de son travail, alors que les coûts économiques générés...
Are Workplace Psychosocial Factors Associated With Work-Related Injury in the US Workforce?
National Health Interview Survey, 2010 Introduction: Psychosocial hazards in the workplace may adversely impact occupational and general health, including injury risk. Methods: Among 16,417 adult workers in the 2010 National Health Interview Survey Occupational Health Supplement, weighted prevalence estimates were calculated for work-related injuries (WRI) and any injuries. The association between injury and psychosocial occupational hazards (job insecurity, work–family imbalance, hostile work environment) was assessed adjusting for sociodemographic and occupational factors. Results: WRI...
Transient risk factors of acute occupational injuries
A case-crossover study in two Danish emergency departments In spite of numerous prevention efforts occupational injuries continue to be a global challenge. A case-crossover design was used to examine the effect of eight specific transient risk factors for acute occupational injuries. The study identified several transient risk factors that led to significantly increased risks for occupational injuries, particularly for equipment and work practice-related factors. Source: Østerlund AH, Lander F, Nielsen K, Kines P, Möller J, Lauritsen J. (2016). Scand J Work Environ Health . http://dx...
Is Sickness Presenteeism a Risk Factor for Depression?
A Danish 2-Year Follow-Up Study Objective: To examine the prospective association between sickness presenteeism (SP), that is, working while ill, and the onset of depression. Methods: We carried out a two-wave (2006 to 2008) questionnaire-based study among 1271 employees from 60 Danish workplaces. Sickness presenteeism was assessed by asking participants to report the number of days that they went to work despite illness in the preceding year. Results: Multivariate logistic regression revealed that, after controlling for several health-related variables and other relevant confounders, reporting...
Toward an understanding of the impact of production pressure on safety performance in construction operations
It is not unusual to observe that actual schedule and quality performances are different from planned performances (e.g., schedule delay and rework) during a construction project. Such differences often result in production pressure (e.g., being pressed to work faster). Previous studies demonstrated that such production pressure negatively affects safety performance. However, the process by which production pressure influences safety performance, and to what extent, has not been fully investigated. As a result, the impact of production pressure has not been incorporated much into safety management...

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