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Organizational change and employee mental health
A prospective multilevel study of the associations between organizational changes and clinically relevant mental distress Objective: The goal of this paper was to elucidate the relationship between exposure to separate, multiple or repeated organizational change at both individual- and work-unit level and subsequent clinically relevant mental distress amongst employees two years after change had taken place. Methods: A full panel, prospective design was utilized. Data were collected at two time-points two years apart, by self-administered, online questionnaires. Organizational change was measured...
Implications of work effort and discretion for employee well-being and career-related outcomes
An integrative assessment How does work effort affect employee outcomes? The authors bridge distinct literatures on the well-being versus career-related implications of work effort by analyzing the relation of overtime work and work intensity to both types of outcomes. They also extend examination of the role of discretion in modifying the effects of work effort from well-being to career-related outcomes. Using data from the fifth and sixth European Working Conditions Surveys, the authors show that greater work effort relates strongly to reduced well-being and modestly to inferior career-related...
A two-wave study on workplace bullying after organizational change
A moderated mediation analysis The role of organizational change in the process leading to the development of bullying has received only little attention so far. The present longitudinal study aimed at filling this gap by examining a moderated mediation model through Structural Equation Modelling where the mediating effect of psychological strain in the relationship between workload and workplace bullying is moderated by the experience of organizational change. Data were available for 141 university employees (65.2% females). The moderating role of organizational change was tested through the multi...
Employees’ drug purchases before and after organizational downsizing
A natural experiment on the Norwegian working population (2004–2012) Private sector employees in Norway exposed to major organizational downsizing during the period 2004–2012 had elevated odds of purchasing antidepressants, hypnotics/sedatives, anxiolytics, antipsychotics, insulins, cardiovascular- and thyroid drugs around the time of downsizing, compared to the situation three years earlier. We suggest a strengthening of preventive health initiatives and systematic involvement from occupational health services in downsizing processes. Source: Kaspersen, S. L., Pape, K., Carlsen, F...
Globalization, Work, and Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular disease (CVD), a global epidemic, is responsible for about 30% of all deaths worldwide. While mortality rates from CVD have been mostly declining in the advanced industrialized nations, CVD risk factors, including hypertension, obesity, and diabetes, have been on the increase everywhere. Researchers investigating the social causes of CVD have produced a robust body of evidence documenting the relationships between the work environment and CVD, including through the mechanisms of psychosocial work stressors. We review the empirical evidence linking work, psychosocial stressors, and...

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