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Age, burnout and physical and psychological work ability among nurses
Background: The ageing of the US labour force highlights the need to examine older adults' physical and psychological ability to work, under varying levels of occupational burnout. Aims: To examine how age and burnout interact in predicting physical and psychological work ability. Methods: Using a cohort of actively working nurses, we assessed factors on the Work Ability Index at 12-month follow-up and determined how these were related to age and exhaustion-related burnout at baseline. Results: The study group consisted of 402 nurses aged 25–67 (mean = 41.7). Results indicated age by...
Health, Work and Working Conditions
A Review of the European Economic Literature Economists have traditionally been very cautious when studying the interaction between employment and health because of the two-way causal relationship between these two variables: health status influences the probability of being employed and, at the same time, working affects the health status. Because these two variables are determined simultaneously, researchers control endogeneity bias (e.g., reverse causality, omitted variables) when conducting empirical analysis. With these caveats in mind, the literature finds that a favourable work environment...
Workplace psychological harassment in Canadian nurses: A descriptive study
This descriptive study investigated workplace psychological harassment in a sample of 1179 Canadian nurses. Two complementary types of assessment were used: exposure to negative behaviors and perceived victimization. Results revealed that exposure to negative behaviors was associated with certain sociodemographic variables (i.e. job status and the amount of overtime performed weekly), lower psychological health, and poorer functioning at work. Although many nurses reported being exposed to negative behaviors, few perceived these behaviors as psychological harassment per se. However, regardless...
Socioeconomic position, psychosocial work environment and disability in an ageing workforce: a longitudinal analysis of SHARE data from 11 European countries
Objectives Prevention of disability in the ageing workforce is essential for sustaining economic growth in Europe. In order to provide information on entry points for preventive measures, it is important to better understand sociodemographic, socioeconomic and work-related determinants of disability in older employees. We aimed to test the hypothesis that low socioeconomic position and exposure to a stressful psychosocial work environment at baseline contribute to later disability. We further assumed that the association of socioeconomic position with disability is partly mediated by exposure to...
Mining industry tackles mental health challenges
Senior mine safety representatives and health professionals have gathered in the Hunter to map out a comprehensive approach to tackling mental health and illness in the NSW minerals industry. Over 20 delegates from around NSW participated in the day-long workshop hosted by the Newcastle Institute for Energy and Resources (NIER), working together to develop a ‘Roadmap for Mental Health' template document for use within the state's mining sector. The Mental Health and the NSW Minerals Industry report - a publication prepared by the University of Newcastle and the Hunter Institute of...

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