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The world(s) of work in transition
The report of the third joint ETUI-ETUC conference, held on 27-29 June 2018, summarises the three days of discussion that took place when over 500 delegates gathered in Brussels to debate the future of work. The ambition of the 2018 event was to analyse the impact of the four key ‘megatrends’ – globalization, climate change, digitalization and the demographic transition disrupting societies and economies. Source: https://www.etui.org/Publications2/Conference-reports/The-world-s-of-work-in-transition
Framework for Considering Productive Aging and Work
Objectives: The U.S. population is experiencing a demographic transition resulting in an aging workforce. The objective of this article is to elucidate and expand an approach to keep that workforce safe, healthy, and productive. Methods: This article elucidates the framework for the National Center for Productive Aging at Work of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Subject matter experts used a snowball method to review published literature to substantiate elements in the framework. Results: Evidence-based literature supports a productive aging framework for the workforce...
Age, burnout and physical and psychological work ability among nurses
Background: The ageing of the US labour force highlights the need to examine older adults' physical and psychological ability to work, under varying levels of occupational burnout. Aims: To examine how age and burnout interact in predicting physical and psychological work ability. Methods: Using a cohort of actively working nurses, we assessed factors on the Work Ability Index at 12-month follow-up and determined how these were related to age and exhaustion-related burnout at baseline. Results: The study group consisted of 402 nurses aged 25–67 (mean = 41.7). Results indicated age by...
Live Longer, Work Longer: The Changing Nature of the Labour Market for Older Workers in OECD Countries
Population ageing poses stark dilemmas for labour markets, social protection systems and cultural norms. It will put strong downward pressure on labour supply, leading to falling real incomes and huge financial pressures on social protection systems unless there is an offsetting increase in employment rates. This is especially true for older workers whose employment rates are well below those of prime-age adults. In this paper, I examine how the labour market for older workers has evolved in OECD countries since 1990, what are the main forces at work, what are the main obstacles to working longer...
Differences in safety training among smaller and larger construction firms with non-native workers
Evidence of overlapping vulnerabilities Collaborative efforts between the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) led to a report focusing on overlapping occupational vulnerabilities, specifically small construction businesses employing young, non-native workers. Following the report, an online survey was conducted by ASSE with construction business representatives focusing on training experiences of non-native workers. Results were grouped by business size (50 or fewer employees or more than 50 employees). Smaller businesses...
Quels sont les facilitateurs du maintien en emploi en santé des travailleurs seniors dans un milieu d’éducation au Québec?
Le pourcentage de travailleurs seniors âgés de 45 ans et plus augmente sans cesse sur le marché du travail au Québec. Dans le secteur de l'éducation, une large portion de la main-d'œuvre est âgée de 45 ans et plus (41 %) et un tiers du personnel aura quitté son poste entre 2009 et 2018 (Grenier, 2009). Des statistiques récentes montrent aussi que les lésions tant de nature physique que psychologique des travailleurs québécois du secteur de l'éducation sont souvent associées à...
Accidents du travail et de trajet des salariés seniors en France
En France, le nombre de travailleurs de 50 ans et plus a fortement progressé ces dernières années du fait des évolutions démographiques et de la progression du taux d'emploi des seniors. D'après les projections de l'Insee, le nombre de seniors devrait encore s'accroître dans les années à venir. Pour autant, très peu d'études sont disponibles pour décrire les risques professionnels auxquels ils sont confrontés. L'objectif de cette étude était de calculer des indicateurs...
Mieux vieillir au travail
Qui veut travailler loin ménage son usure Les tendances démographiques actuelles, associées aux politiques visant à l'allongement de la vie professionnelle, participent à l'augmentation de la proportion de salariés « âgés » dans les entreprises en France. Dans ce contexte, permettre à chacun de bien vieillir au travail et de trouver sa place tout au long de son parcours en entreprise est devenu un enjeu de taille. Source: (2018). Travail & Sécurité (791). http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier...
Working conditions of workers of different ages
Demographic change is changing the face of working life across the EU. The increased demand on a shrinking pool of workers to provide for the social needs of an ageing population is leading to increases in the employment rate of older workers and a lengthening of working life. Policy reforms have – on the whole – focused on raising the statutory retirement age and providing financial incentives for older workers to remain in work beyond retirement age. However, a range of other factors also influence workers' decision to continue working into old age – including health and...
Job Complexity, Race, and Socioeconomic Status
Examining Health Disparities from an Occupational Perspective Research conducted in the United States on racial/ethnic health disparities and socioeconomic status (SES) has not fully considered occupation. Because racial and ethnic groups are not represented equally in all occupations, differences in job characteristics may help explain racial/ethnic health disparities. Two recent studies by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) explore job complexity as a factor that contributes to racial health disparities. Source: https://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2017/10/05...
Cognitive Functioning, Aging, and Work
A Review and Recommendations for Research and Practice There is a larger proportion and number of older adults in the labor force than ever before. Furthermore, older adults in the workforce are working until later ages. Although a great deal of research has examined physical health and well-being of working older adults, less research has focused on cognitive functioning. The purpose of this article is to provide a broad contemporary and multidisciplinary review of the intersection between cognitive functioning, aging, and work as a follow-up to a paper previously written by Fisher et al. (2014...
What makes for fulfilling work in later life?
The Centre for Ageing Better today releases a new report, Fulfilling work: what do older workers value about work and why? which identifies the characteristics of work that are important to people aged 50 and over, and explores actions employers can take to attract and retain them. Understanding what older workers want is the first step in helping employers, policy makers and others create age-friendly workplaces. Ageing Better commissioned the Institute of Employment Studies to carry out the study. The report finds that health is the most important factor affecting older workers' decisions...
Trends in labour force participation of older men
Examining the influence of policy reforms, normative change and deindustrialization in the Netherlands, 1992–2009 This study examines trends in labour force participation of older men (55–64 years) in the Netherlands between 1992 and 2009 using Dutch Labour Force Survey data. In this period, the share of early retirees and disability recipients steadily decreased, while labour force participation of Dutch older men increased. The authors characterize these developments both theoretically and empirically in terms of policy reforms, normative change and deindustrialization. More specifically...
Undocumented status as a social determinant of occupational safety and health
The workers' perspective BACKGROUND: Undocumented immigration to the United States has grown dramatically over the past 25 years. This study explores undocumented status as a social determinant of occupational health by examining its perceived consequences on workplace safety of Latino immigrants. METHODS: Guided by the Theory of Work Adjustment, qualitative analysis was conducted on transcripts from focus groups and individual interviews conducted with a convenience sample of Latino immigrant workers. RESULTS: Participants reported that unauthorized status negatively impacted their safety...
Advancing Worker Well-being Across the Working Life
NIOSH's New Center for Productive Aging & Work According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, by 2020, American workers 55 years or older will increase by almost 10 million, or at a rate of 33.5%. In addition, by 2020, most workplaces will have five generations working side by side. An aging workforce means having to think about how workers and organizations address the needs and challenges of older workers, as well as take advantage of the opportunities that aging and an age-diverse workforce can bring to the work environment. Recognizing the importance of aging in the context of work...
Addressing the Hazards of Temporary Employment
Factors such as fluctuations in the economy, changing social habits and access to technology have boosted a rapid growth in temporary work arrangements. Under many names– temporary workers, contingent workers, contract workers, long-term temps, workers in dual employer situations, on-demand freelance–these workers seem to be ubiquitous in most industrial sectors. These arrangements are impacting work organization, career paths, and health and safety. According to various reports, there were an estimated 17 million workers engaged in some type of temporary employment in the United States...
Prevalence and demographic differences in microaccidents and safety behaviors among young workers in Canada
INTRODUCTION: The present study examines the self-reported frequency of non-lost work time workplace injuries ("microaccidents") and the frequency of three types of work-related safety behaviors (i.e., safety voice, safety compliance, and safety neglect) recalled over a four-week period. METHOD: We analyzed data on microaccidents and safety behaviors from 19,547 young workers (aged 15-25years, Mdn=18years; 55% male) from multiple Canadian provinces. RESULTS: Approximately one-third of all young workers recalled experiencing at least one microaccident at work in the last four weeks. Comparisons...
Time pressure and coworker support mediate the curvilinear relationship between age and occupational well-being
As the proportion of older employees in the workforce is growing, researchers have become increasingly interested in the association between age and occupational well-being. The curvilinear nature of relationships between age and job satisfaction and between age and emotional exhaustion is well-established in the literature, with employees in their late 20s to early 40s generally reporting lower levels of occupational well-being than younger and older employees. However, the mechanisms underlying these curvilinear relationships are so far not well understood due to a lack of studies testing mediation...
Do working conditions explain the increased risks of disability pension among men and women with low education?
A follow-up of Swedish cohorts Objectives: Rates of disability pension are greatly increased among people with low education. This study examines the extent to which associations between education and disability pensions might be explained by differences in working conditions. Information on individuals at age 13 years was used to assess confounding of associations. Method: Two nationally representative samples of men and women born in 1948 and 1953 in Sweden (22 889 participants in total) were linked to information from social insurance records on cause (musculoskeletal, psychiatric, and other...
Work preferences after 50
This policy brief highlights findings on a specific topic from Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) that is of particular interest from a policy perspective. It brings results of the analysis of these data together with evidence from other Eurofound projects to formulate a number of policy pointers. The focus of this policy brief is the weekly working time preferences of people aged 50 and over. Source: http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/publications/htmlfiles/ef1403.htm
Ageing and work
Demographic change is a global phenomenon. The reasons for the ageing of the population are twofold: increased life expectancy and diminished birth rates. The former is the greatest achievement of mankind and should not be considered a problem, although many governments see it as a difficult financial burden due to heavier depency ratios. In many Asian-Pacific countries the proportion of the 65+ population is increasing and the working age population (15–64 years) is decreasing. However, the real problem is that we are not sufficiently prepared for an older society. Now is the time to act...
Jeunes du secondaire et du collégial qui cumulent études et travail
Une enquête sur les conditions d'exercice du travail et la SST Le présent projet de recherche vise trois objectifs :dresser un portrait des conditions d'exercice du travail et de SST de jeunes fréquentant les niveaux d'enseignement secondaire et collégial; identifier les facteurs associés à divers indicateurs de santé (santé générale perçue, détresse psychologique, fatigue et durée du sommeil) que l'on sait être associés à des risques pour la SST et, finalement, présenter...
Vieillissement et politiques de l'emploi : France 2014
Mieux travailler avec l'âge L'espérance de vie n'a jamais été aussi élevée qu'aujourd'hui tandis que la fécondité est en diminution dans la majorité des pays de l'OCDE. Pour faire face à ces tendances démographiques, il faut adapter les dépenses publiques de protection sociale et assurer leur viabilité à long terme, en particulier en favorisant l'emploi des seniors. Avec le recul de l'âge légal de la retraite, les seniors vont travailler plus longtemps et...
Examining occupational health and safety disparities using national data
A cause for continuing concern BACKGROUND: Occupational status, a core component of socioeconomic status, plays a critical role in the well-being of U.S. workers. Identifying work-related disparities can help target prevention efforts. METHODS: Bureau of Labor Statistics workplace data were used to characterize high-risk occupations and examine relationships between demographic and work-related variables and fatality. RESULTS: Employment in high-injury/illness occupations was independently associated with being male, Black, ≤high school degree, foreign-birth, and low-wages. Adjusted fatal occupational...
Transitions d'emploi chez les travailleurs âgés qui quittent un emploi à long terme
Analyse fondée sur des données administratives La présente étude rend compte des tendances d'emploi des travailleurs qui ont quitté un emploi à long terme (ELT), c'est-à-dire un travail d'une durée d'au moins 12 années consécutives, à titre de salariés à l'âge de 50 ans et plus, pendant les 10 années suivant ce départ, de la fin des années 1990 au début des années 2000. L'analyse est fondée sur le Fichier de données longitudinales...
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