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Les ouvriers intérimaires sont-ils plus exposés aux risques professionnels?
En France, les ouvriers intérimaires, qui représentent la majorité des personnes en intérim et 8 % des ouvriers, sont très fortement exposés à des contraintes physiques dans leur travail. Ils sont 22 % à manipuler des charges lourdes plus de 20 heures par semaine contre 12 % pour l’ensemble des ouvriers. Ces contraintes s’expliquent toutefois davantage par les caractéristiques des métiers qu’exercent les intérimaires que par leur statut d’intérimaire. À première vue, les ouvriers...
Digital Platforms, Gig Economy, Precarious Employment, and the Invisible Hand of Social Class
Digital platform capitalism, as exemplified by companies like Uber or Lyft has the potential to transform employment and working conditions for an increasing segment of the worforce. Most digital economy workers are exposed to the health damaging precarious employment conditions characteristic of the contemporary working class in high income countries. Just as with Guy Standing or Mike Savage's “precariat” it might appear that digital platform workers are a new social class or that they do not belong to any social class. Yet the class conflict interests (wages, benefits, employment...
Has the Economic Crisis Worsened the Work-Related Stress and Mental Health of Temporary Workers in Spain?
This paper analyses the causal effects of temporary employment on work-related stress and mental health before (2006/07) and during the economic crisis (2011/12) and examines whether the economic recession worsened these two health outcomes. To control for selection bias, propensity scores (PS) are computed separately for men and women using microdata from two cross-sectional surveys, considering temporary (treatment group) versus permanent employment (control group). Next, we use difference-in-differences estimators stratifying by age, education level, and regional unemployment differences using...
The emerging issues for management of occupational road risk in a changing economy
A survey of gig economy drivers, riders and their managers The nature of work is changing with the growth of digital platforms accessible via smartphones giving rise to new independent ways of working. The gig or sharing economy describes this new trend in work. The gig economy involves people who do not get paid a salary but get paid per gig or a ‘piece rate' whereby service providers are linked to service users via an app. Drivers and riders who earn money in this way are often referred as lifestyle workers or flex couriers or workers because they can choose when they work to fit in...
Réglementer l’incidence sur la santé et la sécurité au travail de l’économie des plateformes en ligne
L'essor de l'économie en ligne constitue un défi pour la santé et la sécurité au travail (SST). Le travail sur des plateformes en ligne — c'est-à-dire assuré par l'intermédiaire, sur ou au moyen de plateformes en ligne — est caractérisé par une large gamme de formules de travail, y compris le travail occasionnel, le travail indépendant économiquement dépendant, le travail à la tâche, le télétravail et le «crowdwork». Le présent rapport...
L’insécurité au travail et son impact sur la santé
Bibliographie thématique L'objectif de cette bibliographie est de recenser la littérature française et internationale (articles, ouvrages, rapports, documents de travail …) sur la relation entre l'insécurité au travail (chômage, licenciements massifs, restructurations des entreprises…) et la santé des individus et de leur famille. Source: http://www.irdes.fr/documentation/syntheses/l-insecurite-au-travail-et-son-impact-sur-la-sante.pdf
Journaliste, un métier en voie de précarisation
La crise que traverse les médias traditionnels semble interminable. Il n'y a pas que les comptes de résultat des groupes de presse qui font peine à voir. Les professionnels de l'information sont également durement touchés. Réalisé en collaboration avec la Fédération européenne des journalistes (FEJ), le dernier numéro de HesaMag, le magazine de l'Institut syndical européen (ETUI), dresse un bilan de santé des journalistes en Europe. Source: http://www.etui.org/fr/Themes/Sante-et-securite/HesaMag...
Les travailleurs invisibles
Les risques pour la santé des travailleurs des agences de location de personnel La croissance du marché de l'emploi atypique contribue à la précarisation des conditions de vie et de travail d'un nombre important de travailleurs. Bien que toutes les formes d'emploi atypique ne soient pas nécessairement précaires, elles offrent généralement une moins bonne protection sociale et des salaires moins élevés. Le travail par l'intermédiaire des agences de location de personnel, une forme d'emploi atypique,...
Globalization, Work, and Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular disease (CVD), a global epidemic, is responsible for about 30% of all deaths worldwide. While mortality rates from CVD have been mostly declining in the advanced industrialized nations, CVD risk factors, including hypertension, obesity, and diabetes, have been on the increase everywhere. Researchers investigating the social causes of CVD have produced a robust body of evidence documenting the relationships between the work environment and CVD, including through the mechanisms of psychosocial work stressors. We review the empirical evidence linking work, psychosocial stressors, and...
Addressing the Hazards of Temporary Employment
Factors such as fluctuations in the economy, changing social habits and access to technology have boosted a rapid growth in temporary work arrangements. Under many names– temporary workers, contingent workers, contract workers, long-term temps, workers in dual employer situations, on-demand freelance–these workers seem to be ubiquitous in most industrial sectors. These arrangements are impacting work organization, career paths, and health and safety. According to various reports, there were an estimated 17 million workers engaged in some type of temporary employment in the United States...
USA: Work in a depression is depressing
Watching people lose their jobs all around you will make you sick, even if you hold onto your own job, new research has found. Researchers from the University of Michigan examined the impact of the 'Great Recession' on a group of 440 over-25 workers in south Michigan in 2009-10. They found perceived job insecurity 'was associated with significantly higher odds of reporting fair or poor self-rated health at the time of interview, symptoms over the past 2 weeks suggesting major or minor depression, and an anxiety attack in the past 4 weeks, even after adjustment for workers' socio...
Intermittents du spectacle et assurance-chômage
Retour sur un diagnostic convenu (1980-2003) Le système d'indemnisation-chômage des intermittents du spectacle est régulièrement présenté comme intrinsèquement déséquilibré. En favorisant la précarisation des emplois et la baisse des salaires, il provoquerait un recours toujours plus accentué à l'indemnisation, alimentant un déficit toujours plus important. Une analyse des données portant sur les années 1980 à 2003 révèle que le constat d'une baisse des...
Extending flexicurity
The potential of short-time working schemes : ERM Report 2010 In the face of recession, falling demand and the consequent slowing of production, short-time working and temporary layoff schemes have been extended (or introduced) in many Member States. These schemes, often with the aid of public funds, reduce working time, while protecting workers' incomes and company solvency; frequently, the time spent not working is used for training instead. This report examines the practice of reduced working time across Europe, and looks in detail at how it is implemented in 10 Member States, with a view...
Flexibility profiles of European companies
This report analyses European corporate practices in terms of working time flexibility as revealed by the European Company Survey 2009 (ECS 2009). Flexibility in working time is a central aspect of ongoing debates regarding boosting employment in the EU. Enabling employees to better balance their working time and domestic reponsibilities is seen as a key way of encouraging more citizens to enter and remain in the workforce. At the same time, greater working time flexibility on the part of companies – and hence, employees – can enable European enterprises to be more responsive to market...
Enquête sur les entreprises en Europe
Premiers résultats (résumé) Au printemps 2009, Eurofound a mené une enquête représentative de grande envergure auprès de directeurs et de représentants des salariés. L‘enquête sur les entreprises en Europe 2009 (ECS) – Flexibilité et dialogue social (European Company Survey 2009 – Flexibility practices and social dialogue) est la deuxième enquête lancée auprès des entreprises par Eurofound à l'échelle européenne. Cette enquête décrit les stratégies...
Temporary agency work and collective bargaining in the EU
This report reviews the present situation regarding the use of temporary agency work (TAW) in European Union Member States. It examines arrangements for social dialogue and collective bargaining at national level across the EU. It examines the role of collective bargaining in determining such matters as length of assignment, the use of TAW in strikes, and the proportion of agency workers allowed; it also examines the role of collective bargaining in determining equality of treatment in pay, training and other conditions of employment. In addition the report reviews other forms of regulation, and...
Wellbeing and work: Future challenges
The aim of the Project is to advise the Government and the private sector on how to achieve the best possible mental development and mental wellbeing for everyone in the UK in the future. http://www.foresight.gov.uk/Mental Capital/Wellbeing_and_work.pdf

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