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Associations Between Systemic Quality of Life and Burnout Among French Canadian Workers
Burnout has very often been studied from a work-life specific perspective. However, a recent field of research leads to wonder about the impact that life events can have on the development of burnout. This study therefore investigated the associations between five domains of systemic quality of life and the three dimensions of burnout proposed by Maslach and colleagues. An analysis of correlations and multiple hierarchical regressions were performed on a sample of 202 French Canadian workers. These analyses report inverse associations between quality of life and burnout, with strong negative correlations...
Has the Economic Crisis Worsened the Work-Related Stress and Mental Health of Temporary Workers in Spain?
This paper analyses the causal effects of temporary employment on work-related stress and mental health before (2006/07) and during the economic crisis (2011/12) and examines whether the economic recession worsened these two health outcomes. To control for selection bias, propensity scores (PS) are computed separately for men and women using microdata from two cross-sectional surveys, considering temporary (treatment group) versus permanent employment (control group). Next, we use difference-in-differences estimators stratifying by age, education level, and regional unemployment differences using...
Age, burnout and physical and psychological work ability among nurses
Background: The ageing of the US labour force highlights the need to examine older adults' physical and psychological ability to work, under varying levels of occupational burnout. Aims: To examine how age and burnout interact in predicting physical and psychological work ability. Methods: Using a cohort of actively working nurses, we assessed factors on the Work Ability Index at 12-month follow-up and determined how these were related to age and exhaustion-related burnout at baseline. Results: The study group consisted of 402 nurses aged 25–67 (mean = 41.7). Results indicated age by...
Quels sont les facilitateurs du maintien en emploi en santé des travailleurs seniors dans un milieu d’éducation au Québec?
Le pourcentage de travailleurs seniors âgés de 45 ans et plus augmente sans cesse sur le marché du travail au Québec. Dans le secteur de l'éducation, une large portion de la main-d'œuvre est âgée de 45 ans et plus (41 %) et un tiers du personnel aura quitté son poste entre 2009 et 2018 (Grenier, 2009). Des statistiques récentes montrent aussi que les lésions tant de nature physique que psychologique des travailleurs québécois du secteur de l'éducation sont souvent associées à...
Travail et bien-être psychologique
L'apport de l'enquête CT-RPS 2016 Comment le travail peut-il contribuer au bien-être psychologique des personnes ? Quels sont les conditions de travail et les facteurs psychosociaux, de risque ou d'épanouissement, qui jouent le plus ? Pour quels métiers le travail impacte-t-il le plus le bien-être, en positif ou en négatif ? Et si, comme l'a montré une récente étude du Cepremap, le bien-être psychologique des personnes est nettement corrélé à leur comportement électoral, en va-t-il de même...
Associations Between Age, Psychosocial Work Conditions, Occupational Well-Being, and Telomere Length in Geriatric Care Professionals
A Mixed-Methods Study Objective: We identified associations between age, psychosocial work characteristics, occupational well-being, and—as a measure of biological age—leukocyte telomere length in geriatric care professionals. Methods: This is a multisource study of self-reports on psychosocial work characteristics, standardized physician's evaluations of health, and relative telomere length measures of peripheral blood leukocytes. We included 141 geriatric care professionals. Telomere length was assessed by an improved polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based method. Results: Increased...
Journaliste, un métier en voie de précarisation
La crise que traverse les médias traditionnels semble interminable. Il n'y a pas que les comptes de résultat des groupes de presse qui font peine à voir. Les professionnels de l'information sont également durement touchés. Réalisé en collaboration avec la Fédération européenne des journalistes (FEJ), le dernier numéro de HesaMag, le magazine de l'Institut syndical européen (ETUI), dresse un bilan de santé des journalistes en Europe. Source: http://www.etui.org/fr/Themes/Sante-et-securite/HesaMag...
L’exposition des travailleurs aux risques psychosociaux a-t-elle augmenté pendant la crise économique de 2008?
À partir des deux vagues de l'enquête Santé et itinéraire professionnel (SIP) , cet article étudie l'exposition des travailleurs aux risques psychosociaux (RPS) et son évolution entre 2006 et 2010, dans un contexte de crise économique. Source: Fontaine R., Lengagne P., Sauze D., É conomie et Statistique , n° 486-487, 2016/07, p. 103-128. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ffc/docs_ffc/ES486E.pdf
Internet- and mobile-based stress management for employees with adherence-focused guidance
Efficacy and mechanism of change Objective This randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to evaluate the efficacy of an internet-based stress management intervention (iSMI) among employees compared to a 6-month waitlist control group (WLC) with full access to treatment-as-usual. Method A sample of 264 employees with elevated symptoms of perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale, PSS-10 ≥22) was assigned to either the iSMI or WLC group. The iSMI consisted of seven sessions and one booster session including problem-solving and emotion regulation techniques. Participants received guidance from an...
Dépendance à la téléphonie mobile et risques associés
Revue de la littérature L'augmentation du taux d'équipement en téléphones portables et Smartphones a été très rapide ces dernières années, tant dans la population générale qu'en milieu de travail. Cet essor s'accompagne de certains risques dont celui de la dépendance à la téléphonie mobile. Cet article fait état des données de la littérature de certains des risques pour la santé et la sécurité des usagers de ce type d'outil de communication...
Risques psychosociaux et situation économique des entreprises
La situation économique des établissements où travaillent les salariés du secteur privé détermine en partie les risques psychosociaux auxquels ils sont exposés. Les salariés d'établissements « en crise » connaissent une plus grande insécurité de l'emploi, mais aussi un travail plus intense, des marges de manœuvre réduites et des rapports sociaux plus tendus que ceux des établissements « stables » ; leur santé mentale apparaît même fragilisée...
Time pressure and coworker support mediate the curvilinear relationship between age and occupational well-being
As the proportion of older employees in the workforce is growing, researchers have become increasingly interested in the association between age and occupational well-being. The curvilinear nature of relationships between age and job satisfaction and between age and emotional exhaustion is well-established in the literature, with employees in their late 20s to early 40s generally reporting lower levels of occupational well-being than younger and older employees. However, the mechanisms underlying these curvilinear relationships are so far not well understood due to a lack of studies testing mediation...
Information and communication technology use, work intensification and employee strain and distress
Recent scholarship on work suggests that information and communication technology (ICT) use may be significantly altering job conditions in ways that are indicative of work intensification, which, in turn, contributes to employee strain and distress. This article uses structural equation modelling and OLS regression techniques to analyse 2002 survey data drawn from a nationally representative sample of US employees in order to assess the pathways through which ICT use may influence levels of employee strain and distress. It is found that use is linked to higher levels of employee strain and distress...
Economic stress in workplace
The impact of fear of the crisis on mental health BACKGROUND: Since 2008, a deep financial crisis, which started in the United States, has widely spread around the world. Scientists expressed their worry about this crisis by pointing out that potential negative health effects can be created by collective fear and panic. OBJECTIVES: The main purpose of this cross-sectional study on the fear of the crisis has been to examine its impact on mental health through the use of structural equation modeling. In the trial a new model of economic stress we were also interested in identifying if fear of the...
Technostress et autres revers du travail nomade
L'Internet et l'utilisation des ordinateurs portables, des téléphones mobiles et des tablettes ont accru l'importance du « travail nomade». Ce type de travail, sans contrainte de lieu ni de temps, peut entraîner, d'après ce working paper, une plus grande autonomie et une plus grande flexibilité pour les travailleurs, mais il comporte néanmoins de sérieux risques aussi bien physiques que psychosociaux. L'auteur de ce rapport met l'accent sur ??les dangers cachés du travail nomade : technostress, techno-dépendance...
L’OCDE lance l’Indicateur du vivre mieux 3.0 : la satisfaction à l’égard de la vie, la santé et l’éducation sont au cœur des priorités
L’OCDE a lancé une version 3.0 de son Indicateur du vivre mieux ( http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/fr/ ), outil en ligne interactif qui permet aux individus de créer leur propre index sur la base de leurs priorités dans 11 domaines que l’OCDE a identifiés comme essentiels pour le bien-être. La version actualisée contient les dernières statistiques de base, les données nationales ainsi que les observations des utilisateurs. Elle est également disponible en espagnol pour la première fois. « Notre Indicateur du...
Job insecurity and difficulties balancing work and family life are key components of mental health issues in the workplace
These findings, disclosed today, are the results of the largest research study ever conducted on the subject in Canada. The study was undertaken by researchers at the Université de Montréal, Concordia University and Université Laval with the support of Standard Life. Researchers focused on a series of factors that may lead to the development of psychological distress, depression and burnout at work. More than 2,100 employees at 63 companies were interviewed about their personal and professional lives. The results of this questionnaire were supported by cortisol measurements...
Une nouvelle enquête révèle que l'insécurité de l'emploi et les restructurations sont les causes premières de stress lié au travail
La moitié des travailleurs européens considère que le stress lié au travail est un problème courant, et quatre personnes sur dix estiment que ce problème n'est pas correctement pris en charge par leur employeur. L'insécurité de l'emploi et les restructurations apparaissent comme les causes premières de stress lié au travail. Peu de gens ont connaissance des politiques et programmes d'aide aux travailleurs qui poursuivent leur carrière jusqu'à l'âge de la retraite et au-delà,...
Workplace psychological harassment in Canadian nurses: A descriptive study
This descriptive study investigated workplace psychological harassment in a sample of 1179 Canadian nurses. Two complementary types of assessment were used: exposure to negative behaviors and perceived victimization. Results revealed that exposure to negative behaviors was associated with certain sociodemographic variables (i.e. job status and the amount of overtime performed weekly), lower psychological health, and poorer functioning at work. Although many nurses reported being exposed to negative behaviors, few perceived these behaviors as psychological harassment per se. However, regardless...
Mining industry tackles mental health challenges
Senior mine safety representatives and health professionals have gathered in the Hunter to map out a comprehensive approach to tackling mental health and illness in the NSW minerals industry. Over 20 delegates from around NSW participated in the day-long workshop hosted by the Newcastle Institute for Energy and Resources (NIER), working together to develop a ‘Roadmap for Mental Health' template document for use within the state's mining sector. The Mental Health and the NSW Minerals Industry report - a publication prepared by the University of Newcastle and the Hunter Institute of...
USA: Work in a depression is depressing
Watching people lose their jobs all around you will make you sick, even if you hold onto your own job, new research has found. Researchers from the University of Michigan examined the impact of the 'Great Recession' on a group of 440 over-25 workers in south Michigan in 2009-10. They found perceived job insecurity 'was associated with significantly higher odds of reporting fair or poor self-rated health at the time of interview, symptoms over the past 2 weeks suggesting major or minor depression, and an anxiety attack in the past 4 weeks, even after adjustment for workers' socio...
Psychosocial factors and economic recession
The Stormont Study Background: Little research has explored changes in workers' psychosocial hazard exposures, work-related stress and stress-related absence associated with the onset of unprecedented severe economic recession.Knowledge of these could inform psychosocial risk management measures appropriate to austere economic times. Aims: To examine civil servants' psychosocial hazard exposures, work-related stress and stress-related absence during a period of economic recession, relative to levels prior to the onset of this period. Methods: Analyses compared the findings of two surveys...
PSYRES: Conference on Psychological health and well-being in restructuring
A final conference of PSYRES – “Psychological health and well-being in restructuring: key effects and mechanisms”, generated within the frame of NEW OSH ERA, took place in Brussels on 15th November 2011. All information on the project, key results, guideline and factsheets on how to maintain employee well-being during restructuring are available. Source : http://www.ciop.pl/21963.html
Stress is number one cause of long-term absence for the first time as job insecurity weighs heavy on the workplace, finds CIPD/Simplyhealth Absence survey
Stress is, for the first time, the most common cause of long-term sickness absence for both manual and non-manual employees, according to this year’s Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD)/Simplyhealth Absence Management survey. A link between job security and mental health problems is also revealed in the survey. Employers planning to make redundancies in the next six months are significantly more likely to report an increase in mental health problems among their staff (51% compared with 32% who are not planning redundancies). For manual workers, stress is now level with...
L’impact des crises économiques sur la santé mentale des travailleurs
Les crises économiques et financières peuvent avoir une incidence défavorable sur la santé psychique des travailleurs et influer sur les régimes de sécurité sociale. Depuis les vingt dernières années, les conséquences des maladies psychiques inquiètent de plus en plus les directeurs des différents régimes d'assurance, plus particulièrement en ce qui concerne les assurances invalidité et maladie. Les données actuelles et rétrospectives montrent l'impact significatif des...
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