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L'amélioration des conditions de travail aux postes de bouverie et de tuerie en abattoirs de boucherie
En octobre 2016, une commission d'enquête parlementaire émettait des recommandations pour renforcer la protection des animaux en abattoirs. À la demande du ministère de l‘Agriculture et de l'Alimentation, l'Anact a réalisé une étude pour mieux éclairer les liens entre les enjeux économiques, de conditions de travail et de protection animale. Les analyses ont mis en évidence qu'il est nécessaire de prendre en compte la réalité du travail des différents acteurs (opérateurs...
Associations Between Age, Psychosocial Work Conditions, Occupational Well-Being, and Telomere Length in Geriatric Care Professionals
A Mixed-Methods Study Objective: We identified associations between age, psychosocial work characteristics, occupational well-being, and—as a measure of biological age—leukocyte telomere length in geriatric care professionals. Methods: This is a multisource study of self-reports on psychosocial work characteristics, standardized physician's evaluations of health, and relative telomere length measures of peripheral blood leukocytes. We included 141 geriatric care professionals. Telomere length was assessed by an improved polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based method. Results: Increased...
The health and well-being of bankers following downsizing
A comparison of stayers and leavers Following the sudden and unprecedented collapse of Icelandic banks during the recent economic recession, 20 per cent of bank employees were laid off. This nation-wide study compared the health and well-being of university-educated stayers and leavers following the downsizing of the banks and took into account labour market trajectories among the leavers following downsizing and job insecurity among the stayers. Results indicate a clear difference for the stayers and leavers on all outcomes of health and well-being, indicating that stayers fare worse than leavers...
Work demands and health consequences of organizational and technological measures introduced to enhance the quality of home care services
This study of home care workers in a Norwegian municipality aimed to examine the effect of two measures involving organizational (job checklists) and technological (personal digital assistants) job aids on perceived work demands and musculoskeletal health. Questionnaire data was collected in 2009 (n = 138, response rate 76.2%) and 2011 (n = 80, response rate 54%). Forty-six home care workers responded at both waves. Respondents were assigned into ‘high', ‘moderate' and ‘low' strain groups based on their responses to open and closed survey questions regarding impact...
The relationship between macroeconomic and industry-specific business cycle indicators and work-related injuries among Danish construction workers
OBJECTIVES: The current study examines and compares the relationship between both macroeconomic and industry-specific business cycle indicators, and work-related injuries among construction workers in Denmark using emergency department (ED) injury data and also officially reported injuries to the Danish Working Environment Authority (WEA). METHODS: The correlations between ED and WEA injury data from the catchment area of Odense University Hospital during the period 1984-2010 were tested separately for variability and trend with two general macroeconomic indicators (gross domestic product and the...
Conditions de travail et performance des organisations publiques
Entre contraintes économiques et changements sociétaux, les trois fonctions publiques vivent une profonde mutation. Devant les tensions croissantes et la perte de repères ressentie par les agents, la question des conditions de travail et de la qualité de vie au travail s'impose. Source: Travail & Changement , avril-mai-juin 2015,numéro 359. http://fr.calameo.com/read/0000881550fa85c59f4c0
Workplace psychological harassment in Canadian nurses: A descriptive study
This descriptive study investigated workplace psychological harassment in a sample of 1179 Canadian nurses. Two complementary types of assessment were used: exposure to negative behaviors and perceived victimization. Results revealed that exposure to negative behaviors was associated with certain sociodemographic variables (i.e. job status and the amount of overtime performed weekly), lower psychological health, and poorer functioning at work. Although many nurses reported being exposed to negative behaviors, few perceived these behaviors as psychological harassment per se. However, regardless...
Intermittents du spectacle et assurance-chômage
Retour sur un diagnostic convenu (1980-2003) Le système d'indemnisation-chômage des intermittents du spectacle est régulièrement présenté comme intrinsèquement déséquilibré. En favorisant la précarisation des emplois et la baisse des salaires, il provoquerait un recours toujours plus accentué à l'indemnisation, alimentant un déficit toujours plus important. Une analyse des données portant sur les années 1980 à 2003 révèle que le constat d'une baisse des...
Caractère soutenable du travail et trajectoires ouvrières
Études de cas dans la filière automobile et les industries agroalimentaires L'article analyse les conditions du travail ouvrier dans la filière automobile et les industries agroalimentaires à partir d'entretiens réalisés en 2006 auprès d'ouvriers et de responsables d'usines. Il montre que celles-ci sont particulièrement défavorables dans les usines fournisseurs soumises à la domination de donneurs d'ordres puissants tels que les constructeurs automobiles et les enseignes de la grande distribution. Les exigences...

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