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Musculoskeletal Injury Prevention for New Nurses
Nurses continue to sustain musculoskeletal injuries even with increased emphasis on safe patient handling and mobility (SPHM) and organizational cultures of safety to protect health care workers. Analysis of data from 2011-2014 registered nurse graduates explored hospital safety culture, SPHM education/training, and incidence of new-nurse musculoskeletal injury. Results indicated hospitals provided some type of SPHM education and training, but 46% of study participants were not informed or aware of national SPHM standards or guidelines. Merely 13.9% of participants stated a written “no manual...
Les formations à la prévention dans les entreprises artisanales du BTP - Enquête nationale
77 % des chefs d'entreprise questionnés déclarent avoir participé à au moins une action de formation, mais seulement 23 % en ont suivi une sur la sécurité au cours des deux dernières années, selon une enquête pour la Capeb, la CNATP, l'Iris-ST et l'OPPBTP. L'enquête révèle également que les chefs d'entreprise ont tendance à privilégier les formations à la sécurité pour leurs salariés plus que pour eux-mêmes. Parmi les freins avancés...
Training in occupational health and safety
n the last two decades, training in occupational health and safety has gained increasing attention in many countries within the Africa region, and demand is on the increase. Driving this is the economic growth of most countries, and diversification in economic sectors such as oil, gas, mining and other extractive industries, commercial farming, and construction. This growth is also accompanied by the emergence of new technologies at the workplace, which, although they improve efficiency and productivity, are also accompanied by new risks that require new knowledge and innovative methods for their...
La qualité du travail au coeur de la formation
Face aux problèmes récurrents de l'insertion et du maintien en emploi, la formation professionnelle en situation de travail suscite un regain d'intérêt auprès des partenaires sociaux et des pouvoirs publics. À la faveur d'une expérimentation initiée par le ministère du Travail, elle pourrait même devenir un format de référence dans les plans de formation. À condition que les entreprises adaptent leurs organisations du travail. Source: Travail & changement , No 361, octobre-novembre-décembre...
Active behaviour change safety interventions in the construction industry
A systematic review The aims of this paper were to systematically review the evidence for the effectiveness of active behaviour change safety interventions in the construction industry; and to determine the intervention characteristics most commonly associated with effectiveness in reducing injury rates and improving safety behaviour - intensity/frequency/duration, behaviour change techniques (BCTs) and theory-base. An electronic literature search (June 2014) was conducted to identify eligible interventions: those involving active involvement from workers/management in the construction industry;...
Adolescent workers' experiences of and training for workplace violence
Adolescent workers may not be aware that violence is a safety concern in the workplace. As part of a larger mixed-methods pilot study, investigators used a self-administered survey and individual interviews with 30 adolescent workers from a chain of food service stores in a Midwestern metropolitan area to explore experiences of workplace violence (WPV) and ways of learning WPV-specific information. Participants reported experiencing verbal and sexual harassment and robberies. Most participants reported awareness of WPV-specific policies and procedures at their workplace; the ways participants reported...
Best practices for health and safety technology transfer in construction
BACKGROUND: Construction continues to be a dangerous industry, yet solutions that would prevent injury and illness do exist. Prevention of injury and illness among construction workers requires dissemination, adoption, and implementation of these effective interventions, or "research to practice" (r2p). METHODS: CPWR recruited participants with experience and insight into effective methods for diffusion of health and safety technologies in this industry for a symposium with 3 group sessions and 3 breakout groups. The organizers reviewed session notes and identified 141 recommendations...
Teen worker safety training
Methods used, lessons taught, and time spent Safety training is strongly endorsed as one way to prevent teens from performing dangerous tasks at work. The objective of this mixed methods study was to characterize the safety training that teenagers receive on the job. From 2010 through 2012, focus groups and a cross-sectional survey were conducted with working teens. The top methods of safety training reported were safety videos (42 percent) and safety lectures (25 percent). The top lessons reported by teens were “how to do my job” and “ways to spot hazards.” Males, who were...
Accueil et formation à l’embauche des étudiants occupant un emploi pendant l’année scolaire
Le cumul études-travail a crû de manière significative au cours des 30 dernières années au Québec. Plusieurs entreprises, notamment dans le secteur des services, comptent sur les étudiants pour pourvoir une partie de leurs besoins en main-d’œuvre. Ces emplois permettent aux étudiants de développer une première expérience professionnelle, mais ils les exposent également, tôt dans leur parcours professionnel, à certains risques professionnels qui peuvent avoir des impacts sur leur santé...
A multi-case study of the implementation of an integrated approach to safety in small enterprises
An integrative approach to managing safety has been proposed which is based on a combination of the behavior change and culture change approach to safety. The key features are a data-based and participatory problem-solving process and an explicit culture change process. Objective: The aim of the current study was to operationalize and test the implementation of an integrative approach to safety in small (20–49 employees) enterprises within the metal and wood processing industries using a quasi-experimental, multi-case design with two intervention (Int1 and Int2) and two control enterprises...
Enquête sur la prévention dans les commerces de proximité
Dans le cadre de sa mission sur le secteur tertiaire, l'INRS met à disposition les résultats d'une enquête sur la prise en compte de la santé et la sécurité au travail dans le commerce à travers la franchise. Réalisée avec le cabinet Adventi, cette enquête montre une réelle connaissance des problématiques de prévention des risques professionnels, dont la prise en compte concrète est cependant variable selon les enseignes. Elle met également en évidence plusieurs leviers de prévention...
Why are occupational health and safety training approaches not effective?
Understanding young worker learning processes using an ergonomic lens Young workers are frequently injured at work. Education and awareness strategies to prevent injuries among young workers are common but they are often ineffective. These approaches emphasize teaching, rather than learning strategies, and appear to contradict recent competency-based developments in education science. This study aimed to gain insight into the actual safety skills learning process of adolescents in an internship in a high school vocational training program. The results are based on auto and allo-confrontation interviews...
Improving health and safety conditions in agriculture through professional training of Florida farm labor supervisors
Because farm labor supervisors (FLSs) are responsible for ensuring safe work environments for thousands of workers, providing them with adequate knowledge is critical to preserving worker health. Yet a challenge to offering professional training to FLSs, many of whom are foreign-born and have received different levels of education in the US and abroad, is implementing a program that not only results in knowledge gains but meets the expectations of a diverse audience. By offering bilingual instruction on safety and compliance, the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences...
Assessing the effectiveness of the Pesticides and Farmworker Health Toolkit
A curriculum for enhancing farmworkers' understanding of pesticide safety concepts Among agricultural workers, migrant and seasonal farmworkers have been recognized as a special risk population because these laborers encounter cultural challenges and linguistic barriers while attempting to maintain their safety and health within their working environments. The crop-specific Pesticides and Farmworker Health Toolkit (Toolkit) is a pesticide safety and health curriculum designed to communicate to farmworkers pesticide hazards commonly found in their working environments and to address Worker Protection...
La santé et la sécurité du travail dans les centres de formation professionnelle
La prévention, un projet collectif Ce document vise à fournir des connaissances et des pistes de travail pour développer la santé et la sécurité du travail (SST) dans les centres de formation professionnelle (CFP) ou pour poursuivre le travail amorcé. Il peut aussi être utile pour les programmes techniques au collégial. Il s'appuie sur les résultats de la recherche Formation professionnelle et SST : Exploration des problématiques concernant les élèves et les enseignants en centres de formation professionnelle...
Identifying construction supervisor competencies for effective site safety
Construction supervisors are crucial to eventual site safety performance. In the United States, the OSHA 30-hour training is becoming the de facto standard for supervisor safety competence. A literature review of recommended supervisor safety competencies reveals gaps when compared to the OSHA 30-hour training contents. We address this gap by identifying the necessary knowledge-based safety competencies that are most important for the front-line construction supervisor and prioritizing them for the first time. A Delphi process confirmed that knowledge of pre job planning, organizing work flow,...
The effects of Crew Resource Management (CRM) training on flight attendants' safety attitudes
INTRODUCTION: A number of well-known incidents and accidents had led the aviation industry to introduce Crew Resource Management (CRM) training designed specifically for flight attendants, and joint (pilot and flight attendant) CRM training as a way to improve teamwork and communication. The development of these new CRM training programs during the 1990s highlighted the growing need for programs to be evaluated using research tools that had been validated for the flight attendant population. METHOD: The FSAQ (Flight Safety Attitudes Questionnaire-Flight Attendants) was designed specifically to...
Assessment of occupational health and safety hazard exposures among working college students
Background Adolescents and young adults have higher injury rates than their adult counterparts in similar jobs. This study used the working college student population to assess health and safety hazards in the workplace, characterize related occupational diseases and injuries, and describe worker health/safety activities provided by employers. Methods College students (≥17 years old) were assessed via online surveys about work history, workplace exposure to hazards, occupational diseases/injuries, and workplace health/safety activities. Results Approximately half (51%) of participants (n ...
La formation professionnelle à la santé et à la sécurité au travail : données sur 4 pays européens: Allemagne, Danemark, Italie, Royaume-Uni
La formation à la santé et à la sécurité au travail (SST) fait partie des obligations générales des employeurs énoncées dans la directive-cadre 89/391/CEE. Par ailleurs, dans sa communication sur la Stratégie communautaire 2007-2012 pour la santé et la sécurité au travail, la Commission souligne l'importance de l'intégration de la santé et de la sécurité dans les programmes d'éducation et de formation. La formation initiale s'adresse aux étudiants...
Nouveau numéro de PISTES
Dans ce numéro, intitulé « Passerelle », il sera question du geste, utile à la fois pour mieux comprendre l'activité en situation de travail et pour agir sur la prévention durable des TMS. Deux contributions s'intéressent aux guides en santé et en sécurité du travail agissant comme relais de connaissances. Les changements organisationnels sont aussi scrutés au regard du bien-être émotionnel au travail. Le lecteur est également invité à prendre connaissance d'un nouvel...
L’indispensable transmission des savoirs entre les travailleurs
Qu'on les nomme compagnons, parrains ou tuteurs, les travailleurs expérimentés ont beaucoup à apprendre à leurs nouveaux collègues sur l'exercice de leur métier et sur les stratégies de prudence. Des chercheurs ont étudié comment se transmettent ces savoirs. Source : http://www.irsst.qc.ca/prevention-au-travail/-magazine-archive.html
Triangle of Prevention: a union's experience promoting a systems-of-safety health and safety program
After years of watching company health and safety programs fail to prevent major incidents, injuries, illness, and death in industrial workplaces, union health and safety staff and rank and file activists took up the challenge of creating a union-run alternative program. Named the Triangle of Prevention (TOP), the program successfully engages both local unions and management in incident and near-miss reporting and investigation, root cause analysis, recommending and tracking solutions, and learning and sharing lessons. In all phases, TOP uses a hierarchical, systems-of-safety-based approach to...
Identifying fall-protection training needs for residential roofing subcontractors
Falls remain the leading cause of injuries and fatalities in the small residential roofing industry and analogous investigations are underrepresented in the literature. To address this issue, fall-protection training needs were explored through 29 semi-structured interviews among residential roofing subcontractors with respect to recommendations for the design of fall-protection training. Content analysis using grounded theory was conducted to analyze participants' responses. Results of the analysis revealed six themes related to the design of current fall-protection training: (1) barriers...
Analyse ergonomique de la santé et de la sécurité en centre de formation professionnelle
Les centres de formation professionnelle (CFP), qui enseignent environ 150 métiers, sont un lieu privilégié pour l'apprentissage de pratiques de SST. Or, l'enseignement de la SST est complexe et requiert des ressources et des milieux adaptés aux besoins, ce dont il semblerait que les CFP ne disposent pas toujours. De plus, le matériel didactique renvoie surtout à des prescriptions de comportement. Comme transmettre des savoir-faire de prudence, en particulier aux plus jeunes qui ne se sentent pas concernés par les problèmes de SST...
STRESSLESS – Improving Educators’ Resilience to Stress
A European initiative “STRESSLESS – Improving Educators’ Resilience to Stress” recently published its main results, including a guidebook that aims at providing educators and educational/training institutions with a useful, practical and validated tool to manage properly psychosocial risks in the educational sector and to improve educators’ resilience towards stress. Source : http://web.spi.pt/stressless/ . Certaines publications sont disponibles en français : http://web.spi.pt/stressless/index_FR.html Rapport sur la situation du tress : analyse des besoins...
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