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A model for occupational safety and health intervention diffusion to small businesses
Background Smaller businesses differ from their larger counterparts in having higher rates of occupational injuries and illnesses and fewer resources for preventing those losses. Intervention models developed outside the United States have addressed the resource deficiency issue by incorporating intermediary organizations such as trade associations. Methods This paper extends previous models by using exchange theory and by borrowing from the diffusion of innovations model. It emphasizes that occupational safety and health (OSH) organizations must understand as much about intermediary organizations...
Assessing Employee Safety Motivation
Safety experts estimate that 80-90% of all industrial accidents are attributable to ‘human factors’. Addressing the social and organizational factors that have an impact on safety would therefore seem to be an effective way of reducing accidents. Evidence suggests that workers’ self-reported safety behaviours are associated with fewer injuries and accidents, and research indicates that employees who report higher levels of safety motivation are more likely to engage in safety behaviours at work. To date, safety motivation research has been somewhat limited by its focus on the...

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