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Le stress au travail : du paradigme des risques psychosociaux à celui de la qualité de vie au travail
Une recherche-action utilisant trois modèles classiques du stress au travail nous a permis de vérifier l'impact sur les résultats obtenus du choix du modèle et du paradigme : risques psychosociaux versus qualité de vie au travail. Quatre cent trente-six salariés de la grande distribution ont répondu à un questionnaire incluant ces trois mesures du stress, les conséquences (satisfaction, fatigue) et une cause possible (tensions de rôle). Nos résultats valident les hypothèses de différences significatives...
Work Addiction Risk Test - WART
Ce document appartient à une série publiée régulièrement dans la revue. Elle analyse les questionnaires utilisés dans les démarches de diagnostic et de prévention du stress et des risques psychosociaux au travail. L'article, par les mêmes auteurs, " Les questionnaires dans la démarche de prévention du stress au travail " (TC 134, Doc Méd Trav. 2011 ; 125 : 23-35), présente cette série et propose au préventeur une aide pour choisir l'outil d'évaluation le mieux adapté...
A model for occupational safety and health intervention diffusion to small businesses
Background Smaller businesses differ from their larger counterparts in having higher rates of occupational injuries and illnesses and fewer resources for preventing those losses. Intervention models developed outside the United States have addressed the resource deficiency issue by incorporating intermediary organizations such as trade associations. Methods This paper extends previous models by using exchange theory and by borrowing from the diffusion of innovations model. It emphasizes that occupational safety and health (OSH) organizations must understand as much about intermediary organizations...
Psychosocial risk assessment : French validation of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ)
Aims : This study presents a French version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) and analyses its psychometric properties for the purpose of validation. The questionnaire assesses psychosocial risk factors at work. The French questionnaire (derived from the Danish short version) is composed of 32 items grouped into 17 scales measuring five domains and eight additional questions assessing aggressive behaviour at work. Method: The questionnaire was administered to 935 employees of a large firm in the Parisian area. Results : All psychometric analyses performed (internal consistency...
Assessing Employee Safety Motivation
Safety experts estimate that 80-90% of all industrial accidents are attributable to ‘human factors’. Addressing the social and organizational factors that have an impact on safety would therefore seem to be an effective way of reducing accidents. Evidence suggests that workers’ self-reported safety behaviours are associated with fewer injuries and accidents, and research indicates that employees who report higher levels of safety motivation are more likely to engage in safety behaviours at work. To date, safety motivation research has been somewhat limited by its focus on the...
The association between study characteristics and outcome in the relation between job stress and cardiovascular disease
A multilevel meta-regression analysis Objectives Studies about job strain and cardiovascular disease (CVD) have yielded inconsistent results, which hinders making a firm conclusion about the association. Inconsistent findings may be the result of methodological differences. If the relative CVD risk is influenced by methodological differences, these differences should be explored in more detail in future research to clarify which methodological characteristics are inherent to obtain the most accurate estimate between job strain and CVD risk. By assessing how study characteristics are associated...
Realistic evaluation as a new way to design and evaluate occupational safety interventions
Recent debates regarding the criteria for evaluating occupational health and safety interventions have focused on the need for incorporating qualitative elements and process evaluation, in addition to attempting to live up to the Cochrane criteria. Reflecting fundamental epistemological conflicts and shortcomings of the Cochrane criteria in evaluating intervention studies, the debate challenges the traditional (quasi-) experimental design and methodology, which are often used within safety research. This article discusses a revised 'realistic evaluation' approach as a way to meet these...

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