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Une forme de gestion désincarnée de l’activité
L'exemple d'une formation en santé et sécurité du travail destinée aux préposés aux bénéficiaires au Québec Cet article a pour objectif d'illustrer les limites d'un mode de gestion désincarné de l'activité réelle de travail. Nous prenons l'exemple d'un mode de gestion « top-down » d'une formation en santé au travail destinée aux préposés aux bénéficiaires travaillant dans les organisations gériatriques au Québec...
Effectiveness of training workplace managers to understand and support the mental health needs of employees
A systematic review and meta-analysis Managers are in an influential position to make decisions that can impact on the mental health and well-being of their employees. As a result, there is an increasing trend for organisations to provide managers with training in how to reduce work-based mental health risk factors for their employees. A systematic search of the literature was conducted to identify workplace interventions for managers with an emphasis on the mental health of employees reporting directing to them. A meta-analysis was performed to calculate pooled effect sizes using the random effects...
The importance of commitment, communication, culture and learning for the implementation of the Zero Accident Vision in 27 companies in Europe
In this paper the findings are presented of a multinational study involving 27 companies that have adopted a ‘Zero Accident Vision’ (ZAV). ZAV is the ambition that all accidents are preventable, and this paper focuses on how companies implement ZAV through ZAV commitment, safety communication, safety culture and safety learning. Managers and workers took part in a survey (8,819 respondents), company interviews and national workshops in seven European countries. A common characteristic of all the companies was the high ZAV commitment of their managers and workers, which often were embedded...
Does Worksite Culture of Health (CoH) Matter to Employees?
Empirical Evidence Using Job-Related Metrics Objectives: This study examines the relationships between the workplace culture of health (CoH), job satisfaction, and turnover intention. We also examined the moderating effect of job classification. Methods: Structural equation modeling analysis was performed on data from employees of a Korean life insurance company (N=880). Results: Workplace CoH directly influenced job satisfaction (β=0.32; P<0.001) and was indirectly associated with intention to leave. Job satisfaction was directly associated with intention to leave (β=−0.42;...
Improving safety climate through a communication and recognition program for construction
A mixed methods study We evaluated the efficacy of a novel safety communication and recognition program (B-SAFE), designed to encourage improvement of physical working conditions and hazard reduction in construction. Using mixed methods, we determined that B-SAFE led to many positive changes, including an improvement in safety climate, awareness, team-building, and communication. The study has important implications for both research and practice. Source: Sparer EH, Catalano PJ, Herrick RF, Dennerlein JT. Scand J Work Environ Health , 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3569
Promoting Healthy Workplaces by Building Cultures of Health and Applying Strategic Communications
Objective: The aim of the study was to identify key success elements of employer-sponsored health promotion (wellness) programs. Methods: We conducted an updated literature review, held discussions with subject matter experts, and visited nine companies with exemplary programs to examine current best and promising practices in workplace health promotion programs. Results: Best practices include establishing a culture of health and using strategic communications. Key elements that contribute to a culture of health are leadership commitment, social and physical environmental support, and employee...
La qualité du travail au coeur de la formation
Face aux problèmes récurrents de l'insertion et du maintien en emploi, la formation professionnelle en situation de travail suscite un regain d'intérêt auprès des partenaires sociaux et des pouvoirs publics. À la faveur d'une expérimentation initiée par le ministère du Travail, elle pourrait même devenir un format de référence dans les plans de formation. À condition que les entreprises adaptent leurs organisations du travail. Source: Travail & changement , No 361, octobre-novembre-décembre...
Sources of work health and safety information in Australian workplaces
How businesses and workers gain access to work health and safety information has been identified as an area of interest in the Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy 2012–2022 under the action area of Health and safety capabilities: Improved work health and safety capabilities . The report presents findings on how employers, sole traders (operators of non-employing businesses) and workers source information about work health and safety as measured by the Perceptions of Work Health and Safety Survey 2012 and the Health and Safety at Work: Your experience and costs Survey 2014. How employers...
Sources of work health and safety information in Australian workplaces
How businesses and workers gain access to work health and safety information has been identified as an area of interest in the Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy 2012–2022 under the action area of Health and safety capabilities: Improved work health and safety capabilities. The report presents findings on how employers, sole traders (operators of non-employing businesses) and workers source information about work health and safety as measured by the Perceptions of Work Health and Safety Survey 2012 and the Health and Safety at Work: Your experience and costs Survey 2014. How employers...
Discuter du travail pour mieux le transformer
Le besoin de réinitier des temps de débat dans les entreprises n'est plus contesté. La mise en œuvre d'espaces de discussion coconstruits, centrés sur l'expérience du travail, constitue un levier intéressant d'innovation sociale et d'action sur les organisations. Les chercheurs relèvent la nécessité d'une mise en discussion du travail au sein de l'entreprise, pour transformer le travail, penser les tensions, prévenir les risques... Source: Travail & Changement , janvier-février-mars...
Enquête sur la prévention dans les commerces de proximité
Dans le cadre de sa mission sur le secteur tertiaire, l'INRS met à disposition les résultats d'une enquête sur la prise en compte de la santé et la sécurité au travail dans le commerce à travers la franchise. Réalisée avec le cabinet Adventi, cette enquête montre une réelle connaissance des problématiques de prévention des risques professionnels, dont la prise en compte concrète est cependant variable selon les enseignes. Elle met également en évidence plusieurs leviers de prévention...
Recherche et développement conceptuels autour du bien-être au travail
Entre mesure et action L'approche bien-être au travail voudrait que la préservation de la motivation et de l'implication des salariés soit prise en compte au même titre que leur santé. Le respect de la singularité de chacun garantirait un travail plus créatif, innovant et consensuel et favoriserait alors l'efficacité économique. Après un rappel théorique sur les notions de risques psychosociaux, d'autorégulation des systèmes organisationnels, de feed-back , deux modalités d'interventions...
Impact of Organizational Policies and Practices on Workplace Injuries in a Hospital Setting
Objective: This study aimed to assess relationships between perceptions of organizational practices and policies (OPP), social support, and injury rates among workers in hospital units. Methods: A total of 1230 hospital workers provided survey data on OPP, job flexibility, and social support. Demographic data and unit injury rates were collected from the hospitals' administrative databases. Results: Injury rates were lower in units where workers reported higher OPP scores and high social support. These relationships were mainly observed among registered nurses. Registered nurses perceived coworker...
Social dialogue in micro and small companies
Micro and small companies constitute the backbone of private business in Europe, accounting for nearly 99% of all enterprises, more than half of total employment in the private sector and an even greater proportion of new jobs. Despite their crucial place in the economy, there has been little research on micro and small companies, particularly in terms of the implementation of fundamental workers' rights – such as health and safety at work – and the positive role of social dialogue in striving for good working conditions and industrial relations. Given this knowledge gap, Eurofound...
Industrial relations practices related to psychosocial constraints at work in the steel sector
This report looks at industrial relations practices regarding health and safety strategies in the European steel sector. The findings are based on desk research and a comparative analysis of company practices in three company case studies: ArcelorMittal in France, Rautaruukki in Finland and Salzgitter AG in Germany. The report offers a transversal analysis, examining the main findings on the role of social dialogue and company practices regarding prevention while also highlighting some specific company and sectoral features triggering psychosocial risks and their prevention. Each of the three case...
Effects of organisational-level interventions at work on employees’ health
A systematic review Organisational-level workplace interventions are thought to produce more sustainable effects on the health of employees than interventions targeting individual behaviours. However, scientific evidence from intervention studies does not fully support this notion. It is therefore important to explore conditions of positive health effects by systematically reviewing available studies. We set out to evaluate the effectiveness of 39 health-related intervention studies targeting a variety of working conditions. Source: Diego Montano, Hanno Hoven and Johannes Siegrist. 2014. BMC Public...
La souffrance au travail des soignants
Une analyse des conséquences délétères des outils de gestion L'évolution des réformes hospitalières conduit désormais les établissements de santé à être jugés sur la production de leur activité de soins et la performance économique obtenue par celle-ci. De ce fait, les soignants sont confrontés à des paradoxes souvent difficiles à dénouer performance économique versus qualité, cadres réglementaire et normatif versus personnalisation de la prise...
Review of workplace innovation and its relation with occupational safety and health
This report provides evidence that high levels of occupational safety and health (OSH) performance (low accident rates and absenteeism, OSH culture) correlate with workplace innovation and human performance. Workplace innovations are strategy induced and participatory adopted changes in an organisation’s practice of managing, organising and deploying human and non-human resources that lead to simultaneously improved organisational performance and improved quality of working life. Source : https://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/literature_reviews/workplace-innovation-review?sourceid=rss&utm_source...
Pre-conditioning for success: Characteristics and factors ensuring a safe build for the Olympic Park
This research has looked to identify factors which have contributed to the London 2012 Olympic Park being delivered on time, on budget and with an exemplary health and safety record. Where other research has captured 'how' things were done, this research has explored 'why' and focused on the underpinning human and organisational interactions. The research has tapped in to the close-out and lessons learnt activities for six of the venue and infrastructure projects. In addition interviews were conducted with executives from the Olympic Delivery Authority as client, their Delivery...
A theoretical model to ascertain determinates of occupational accidents among Ghanaian industrial workers
Thus workplace safety has been a topical issue in the occupational and organizational literature. In recent years, research in occupational accidents and organizational safety management literature has seen a gradual shift in emphasis on human error to comprehensive models that stress the role of both individuals and organizational factors in the workplace. In this study, we used a framework that incorporates both these aspects as determinates of occupational accidents, and therefore provides a link between perceptions of the work environment and individual characteristics. The individual factors...
Human factors that lead to non-compliance with standard operating procedures
The Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens categorises biological agents into Hazard Groups 1 (negligible hazard) to 4 (highly pathogenic) according to their potential to cause human infection, the likelihood that infection could spread in the community, and the availability of effective treatment. For laboratories where biological agents are handled, controls proportionate to these hazards are specified and laboratories are designated Containment Levels 1 to 4. These controls are a combination of structural requirements and working procedures. To protect the health of workers, especially with...
Interaction entre la gestion des ressources humaines et la SST
L'enseignement aux futurs gestionnaires Plusieurs disciplines, dont l'ergonomie, la médecine, la toxicologie, l'andragogie et bien d'autres, ont contribué à l'avancement des connaissances en santé et sécurité au travail (SST). Malgré les avancées scientifiques, un défi demeure, celui de développer les habiletés des gestionnaires et de sensibiliser ces derniers à leur rôle dans la prise en charge des mesures correctrices et préventives en matière de santé et de sécurité...
A Synthesis of the Evidence for Managing Stress at Work
A Review of the Reviews Reporting on Anxiety, Depression, and Absenteeism Background: Psychosocial stressors in the workplace are a cause of anxiety and depressive illnesses, suicide and family disruption. Methods: The present review synthesizes the evidence from existing systematic reviews published between 1990 and July 2011. We assessed the effectiveness of individual, organisational and mixed interventions on two outcomes: mental health and absenteeism. Results: In total, 23 systematic reviews included 499 primary studies; there were 11 meta-analyses and 12 narrative reviews. Meta-analytic...
A Review of the Knowledge Base on Healthy Worksite Culture
Objective: To identify the need for worksite cultures of health, the organizational factors that support worksite cultures of health, the tools that have been used to measure worksite cultures of health, and the research needs related to healthy worksite culture. Methods: A cross-sectional survey involving a sample of 500 companies representing a broad spectrum of industries and business sectors. A literature review was conducted. Results: Similar to a culture of safety that encourages safer behaviors and enables a safer workplace, a culture of health provides a supportive work leadership with...
Supervisor vs. employee safety perceptions and association with future injury in US limited-service restaurant workers
OBJECTIVES: Many studies have found management commitment to safety to be an important construct of safety climate. This study examined the association between supervisor and employee (shared and individual) perceptions of management commitment to safety and the rate of future injuries in limited-service restaurant workers. METHODS: A total of 453 participants (34 supervisors/managers and 419 employees) from 34 limited-service restaurants participated in a prospective cohort study. Employees' and managers' perceptions of management commitment to safety and demographic variables were collected...
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