Parcourir par tags

Tous les tags » Organisation de l’entreprise » Représentations et culture de métier (RSS)
Mind the gap: a qualitative approach to assessing why different sub-cultures within high-risk industries interpret safety rule gaps in different ways
Measuring the distance between the performance of safety rules as imagined and safety rules as enacted in high-risk environments has been an area of great interest and debate in recent years. Yet a significant gap in our understanding remains. Some authors have even advised us to “stop bitching about the gap” and start closing it (Hale and Borys, 2013a, p. 218). In this paper, we follow this call by investigating the relationship between safety rules as imagined, and enacted, in a rule-driven organization working in the oil and gas industry in Norway. Specifically, we investigate how...
Promoting Healthy Workplaces by Building Cultures of Health and Applying Strategic Communications
Objective: The aim of the study was to identify key success elements of employer-sponsored health promotion (wellness) programs. Methods: We conducted an updated literature review, held discussions with subject matter experts, and visited nine companies with exemplary programs to examine current best and promising practices in workplace health promotion programs. Results: Best practices include establishing a culture of health and using strategic communications. Key elements that contribute to a culture of health are leadership commitment, social and physical environmental support, and employee...
Reasons Why Physicians and Advanced Practice Clinicians Work While Sick
A Mixed-Methods Analysis Importance: When clinicians work with symptoms of infection, they can put patients and colleagues at risk. Little is known about the reasons why attending physicians and advanced practice clinicians (APCs) work while sick. Objective: To identify a comprehensive understanding of the reasons why attending physicians and APCs work while sick. Design, Setting, and Participants: We performed a mixed-methods analysis of a cross-sectional, anonymous survey administered from January 15 through March 20, 2014, in a large children's hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Data...
Work Health and Safety Perceptions: Manufacturing Industry
This report summarises research findings for the manufacturing industry from several existing Safe Work Australia data sources. The report presents areas where the manufacturing industry is doing well and areas for improvement. It focuses on: •self-reported exposure to hazards and workplace control measures •self-reported work health and safety activities undertaken in manufacturing workplaces •work health and safety perceptions and attitudes that may act as barriers and enablers to work health and safety. The perceptions of both manufacturing workers and manufacturing employers...
Work Health and Safety Perceptions: Construction Industry
The construction industry is designated as a priority industry for work health and safety as per the 2012-22 Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy due to the high number and rate of work-related injuries and illnesses and inherent risks associated with working in the industry. This report is one of a series produced by Safe Work Australia on priority industries. These reports are intended to provide an overview of Safe Work Australia's current state of knowledge about work health and safety in priority industries. This report focuses on: •work-related injuries •exposure to disease...
Impact of Organizational Policies and Practices on Workplace Injuries in a Hospital Setting
Objective: This study aimed to assess relationships between perceptions of organizational practices and policies (OPP), social support, and injury rates among workers in hospital units. Methods: A total of 1230 hospital workers provided survey data on OPP, job flexibility, and social support. Demographic data and unit injury rates were collected from the hospitals' administrative databases. Results: Injury rates were lower in units where workers reported higher OPP scores and high social support. These relationships were mainly observed among registered nurses. Registered nurses perceived coworker...
A theoretical model to ascertain determinates of occupational accidents among Ghanaian industrial workers
Thus workplace safety has been a topical issue in the occupational and organizational literature. In recent years, research in occupational accidents and organizational safety management literature has seen a gradual shift in emphasis on human error to comprehensive models that stress the role of both individuals and organizational factors in the workplace. In this study, we used a framework that incorporates both these aspects as determinates of occupational accidents, and therefore provides a link between perceptions of the work environment and individual characteristics. The individual factors...
Human factors that lead to non-compliance with standard operating procedures
The Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens categorises biological agents into Hazard Groups 1 (negligible hazard) to 4 (highly pathogenic) according to their potential to cause human infection, the likelihood that infection could spread in the community, and the availability of effective treatment. For laboratories where biological agents are handled, controls proportionate to these hazards are specified and laboratories are designated Containment Levels 1 to 4. These controls are a combination of structural requirements and working procedures. To protect the health of workers, especially with...
Supervisor vs. employee safety perceptions and association with future injury in US limited-service restaurant workers
OBJECTIVES: Many studies have found management commitment to safety to be an important construct of safety climate. This study examined the association between supervisor and employee (shared and individual) perceptions of management commitment to safety and the rate of future injuries in limited-service restaurant workers. METHODS: A total of 453 participants (34 supervisors/managers and 419 employees) from 34 limited-service restaurants participated in a prospective cohort study. Employees' and managers' perceptions of management commitment to safety and demographic variables were collected...
Développer une fonction commerciale : quels effets sur la santé des salariés ?
Dans le cadre d'une convention avec l'association AINF, l'ARACT a réalisé une étude sur les relations commerciales, leur développement et leurs effets sur la santé des salariés. Trois entreprises ont été étudiées pour comprendre comment un choix stratégique (introduire ou renforcer une dynamique commerciale) vient transformer le travail, son organisation et le rapport au travail des salariés. Dès lors, cette transformation engage leur santé : des risques apparaissent, mais quelques opportunités...
Health Impact of The Psychosocial Hazards of Work
An Overview Psychosocial risks go hand in hand with the experience of work-related stress. Longitudinal studies and systematic reviews have indicated that stress at work is associated with heart disease, depression, and musculoskeletal disorders and there is consistent evidence that high job demands, low control, and effort-reward imbalance are risk factors for mental and physical health problems, thereby leading to further strain on public spending for increased costs on healthcare. Despite the available evidence, the prevention and management of psychosocial risks has not been high on the policy...

Abonnement courriel

Messages récents

Catégories

Mots-Clés (Tags)

Blogoliste

Archives