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Une forme de gestion désincarnée de l’activité
L'exemple d'une formation en santé et sécurité du travail destinée aux préposés aux bénéficiaires au Québec Cet article a pour objectif d'illustrer les limites d'un mode de gestion désincarné de l'activité réelle de travail. Nous prenons l'exemple d'un mode de gestion « top-down » d'une formation en santé au travail destinée aux préposés aux bénéficiaires travaillant dans les organisations gériatriques au Québec...
Managerial Quality and Risk of Depressive Disorders Among Danish Eldercare Workers
A Multilevel Cohort Study Objective: To examine whether low managerial quality predicts risk of depressive disorders. Methods: Using multilevel mixed-effects logistic regression analyses we examined the prospective association of individual-level and workplace-mean managerial quality with onset of depressive disorders among 5244 eldercare workers from 274 workplaces during 20 months follow-up. Results: Low managerial quality predicted onset of depressive disorders in both the individual-level (odds ratio [OR] = 1.85, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.25 to 2.76) and the workplace-mean analysis ...
Fly-in/fly-out et santé psychologique au travail dans les mines
Une recension des écrits La fatigue, associée aux longues heures de travail, aux courtes périodes de récupération entre les quarts de travail et à la qualité des installations d'hébergement, est considérée comme un des principaux enjeux en matière de santé et de sécurité au travail par les travailleurs miniers FIFO. Dans une étude, 70 % des travailleurs miniers FIFO interrogés déclarent vivre des troubles de sommeil. Selon une autre étude, 45 % des travailleurs miniers...
Regulating the intangible - Searching for safety culture in the Norwegian petroleum industry
The way organizational culture can influence safety has been a topic in safety research and accident investigations for decades. This has led to an increasing interest from regulators to include the concept of safety culture into the sphere of risk regulation. In the Norwegian petroleum regulations, a requirement for a “sound health, safety and environment culture” was introduced in 2002. The article presents a qualitative study of the perceived effects of this requirement on safety, seen from the perspective of both the regulator and the regulated companies. The study shows that introducing...
Improving safety climate through a communication and recognition program for construction
A mixed methods study We evaluated the efficacy of a novel safety communication and recognition program (B-SAFE), designed to encourage improvement of physical working conditions and hazard reduction in construction. Using mixed methods, we determined that B-SAFE led to many positive changes, including an improvement in safety climate, awareness, team-building, and communication. The study has important implications for both research and practice. Source: Sparer EH, Catalano PJ, Herrick RF, Dennerlein JT. Scand J Work Environ Health , 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3569
Promoting Healthy Workplaces by Building Cultures of Health and Applying Strategic Communications
Objective: The aim of the study was to identify key success elements of employer-sponsored health promotion (wellness) programs. Methods: We conducted an updated literature review, held discussions with subject matter experts, and visited nine companies with exemplary programs to examine current best and promising practices in workplace health promotion programs. Results: Best practices include establishing a culture of health and using strategic communications. Key elements that contribute to a culture of health are leadership commitment, social and physical environmental support, and employee...
Work demands and health consequences of organizational and technological measures introduced to enhance the quality of home care services
This study of home care workers in a Norwegian municipality aimed to examine the effect of two measures involving organizational (job checklists) and technological (personal digital assistants) job aids on perceived work demands and musculoskeletal health. Questionnaire data was collected in 2009 (n = 138, response rate 76.2%) and 2011 (n = 80, response rate 54%). Forty-six home care workers responded at both waves. Respondents were assigned into ‘high', ‘moderate' and ‘low' strain groups based on their responses to open and closed survey questions regarding impact...
Reasons Why Physicians and Advanced Practice Clinicians Work While Sick
A Mixed-Methods Analysis Importance: When clinicians work with symptoms of infection, they can put patients and colleagues at risk. Little is known about the reasons why attending physicians and advanced practice clinicians (APCs) work while sick. Objective: To identify a comprehensive understanding of the reasons why attending physicians and APCs work while sick. Design, Setting, and Participants: We performed a mixed-methods analysis of a cross-sectional, anonymous survey administered from January 15 through March 20, 2014, in a large children's hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Data...
Work Health and Safety Perceptions: Manufacturing Industry
This report summarises research findings for the manufacturing industry from several existing Safe Work Australia data sources. The report presents areas where the manufacturing industry is doing well and areas for improvement. It focuses on: •self-reported exposure to hazards and workplace control measures •self-reported work health and safety activities undertaken in manufacturing workplaces •work health and safety perceptions and attitudes that may act as barriers and enablers to work health and safety. The perceptions of both manufacturing workers and manufacturing employers...
Work Health and Safety Perceptions: Construction Industry
The construction industry is designated as a priority industry for work health and safety as per the 2012-22 Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy due to the high number and rate of work-related injuries and illnesses and inherent risks associated with working in the industry. This report is one of a series produced by Safe Work Australia on priority industries. These reports are intended to provide an overview of Safe Work Australia's current state of knowledge about work health and safety in priority industries. This report focuses on: •work-related injuries •exposure to disease...
Enquête sur la prévention dans les commerces de proximité
Dans le cadre de sa mission sur le secteur tertiaire, l'INRS met à disposition les résultats d'une enquête sur la prise en compte de la santé et la sécurité au travail dans le commerce à travers la franchise. Réalisée avec le cabinet Adventi, cette enquête montre une réelle connaissance des problématiques de prévention des risques professionnels, dont la prise en compte concrète est cependant variable selon les enseignes. Elle met également en évidence plusieurs leviers de prévention...
Pilot fatigue
Relationships with departure and arrival times, flight duration, and direction INTRODUCTION: Flight timing is expected to influence pilot fatigue because it determines the part of the circadian body clock cycle that is traversed during a flight. However the effects of flight timing are not well-characterized because field studies typically focus on specific flights with a limited range of departure times and have small sample sizes. The present project combined data from four studies, including 13 long-range and ultra-long range out-and-back trips across a range of departure and arrival times ...
Impact of Organizational Policies and Practices on Workplace Injuries in a Hospital Setting
Objective: This study aimed to assess relationships between perceptions of organizational practices and policies (OPP), social support, and injury rates among workers in hospital units. Methods: A total of 1230 hospital workers provided survey data on OPP, job flexibility, and social support. Demographic data and unit injury rates were collected from the hospitals' administrative databases. Results: Injury rates were lower in units where workers reported higher OPP scores and high social support. These relationships were mainly observed among registered nurses. Registered nurses perceived coworker...
Industrial relations practices related to psychosocial constraints at work in the steel sector
This report looks at industrial relations practices regarding health and safety strategies in the European steel sector. The findings are based on desk research and a comparative analysis of company practices in three company case studies: ArcelorMittal in France, Rautaruukki in Finland and Salzgitter AG in Germany. The report offers a transversal analysis, examining the main findings on the role of social dialogue and company practices regarding prevention while also highlighting some specific company and sectoral features triggering psychosocial risks and their prevention. Each of the three case...
La souffrance au travail des soignants
Une analyse des conséquences délétères des outils de gestion L'évolution des réformes hospitalières conduit désormais les établissements de santé à être jugés sur la production de leur activité de soins et la performance économique obtenue par celle-ci. De ce fait, les soignants sont confrontés à des paradoxes souvent difficiles à dénouer performance économique versus qualité, cadres réglementaire et normatif versus personnalisation de la prise...
Organization of work in the agricultural, forestry, and fishing sector in the US southeast
Implications for immigrant workers' occupational safety and health BACKGROUND: There is widespread agreement that work organization is an important element of occupational safety and health, but the health effects of many aspects of work organization are likely to vary considerably across different sectors of work and geographies. METHODS: We examined existing employment policies and work organization-related research relevant specifically to immigrant workers in the Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing (AgFF) Sector of the US workforce focusing, when possible, on the southeastern US. RESULTS...
The effect of external non-driving factors, payment type and waiting and queuing on fatigue in long distance trucking
INTRODUCTION : The aim of this study was to explore the effects of external influences on long distance trucking, in particular, incentive-based remuneration systems and the need to wait or queue to load or unload on driver experiences of fatigue. METHODS : Long distance truck drivers (n=475) were recruited at truck rest stops on the major transport corridors within New South Wales, Australia and asked to complete a survey by self-administration or interview. The survey covered demographics, usual working arrangements, details of the last trip and safety outcomes including fatigue experiences....
Contributions of ergonomics to the construction of bus drivers health and excellence in public transport and at work
This article is the product of research that analyzed the work of bus drivers of a public transportation company that is considered a benchmark reference in its field of operations, in which it strives to achieve operating excellence. Within this context, the authors sought to understand how such a company has managed to maintain a policy that is capable of reconciling quality public transport while also providing working conditions compatible with the professional development, comfort and health of its workers. Ergonomic work analysis and activity analysis were the guiding elements used in this...
Pre-conditioning for success: Characteristics and factors ensuring a safe build for the Olympic Park
This research has looked to identify factors which have contributed to the London 2012 Olympic Park being delivered on time, on budget and with an exemplary health and safety record. Where other research has captured 'how' things were done, this research has explored 'why' and focused on the underpinning human and organisational interactions. The research has tapped in to the close-out and lessons learnt activities for six of the venue and infrastructure projects. In addition interviews were conducted with executives from the Olympic Delivery Authority as client, their Delivery...
A theoretical model to ascertain determinates of occupational accidents among Ghanaian industrial workers
Thus workplace safety has been a topical issue in the occupational and organizational literature. In recent years, research in occupational accidents and organizational safety management literature has seen a gradual shift in emphasis on human error to comprehensive models that stress the role of both individuals and organizational factors in the workplace. In this study, we used a framework that incorporates both these aspects as determinates of occupational accidents, and therefore provides a link between perceptions of the work environment and individual characteristics. The individual factors...
Mental Health Conditions, Individual and Job Characteristics and Sleep Disturbances among Firefighters
This study aimed to assess the associations between mental health conditions, individual and job characteristics and sleep disturbances among firefighters. Of 303 participants, 51.2% reported sleep disturbances. Psychological distress and psychosomatic disturbances were significantly associated with sleep disturbances. Suicidal ideation, unhealthy alcohol use and time as a firefighter were also associated with sleep disturbances but at a borderline level of significance (0.05 < p < .085). These findings may be related to the psychological and physical hazards of firefighting and indicate...
The Effects of Commuting on Pilot Fatigue
Nearly everyone experiences fatigue, but some professions--such as aviation, medicine and the military--demand alert, precise, rapid, and well-informed decision making and communication with little margin for error. The potential for fatigue to negatively affect human performance is well established. Concern about this potential in the aviation context extends back decades, with both airlines and pilots agreeing that fatigue is a safety concern. A more recent consideration is whether and how pilot commuting, conducted in a pilot's off-duty time, may affect fatigue during flight duty. Source...
Un projet lorrain pour concilier lean et amélioration des conditions de travail
Des PME lorraines ayant mis en oeuvre des démarche lean constatent une amélioration de la productivité, mais un aussi un impact sur la santé des salariés. Avec l’appui de l’ARACT, une action régionale vise à cerner les conditions d'un déploiement intégrant l'ensemble des dimensions de la performance. Certaines de ces entreprises s’interrogent aujourd’hui sur les effets possibles de ces démarches. Elles notent, certes, les effets bénéfiques dans un premier temps des réorganisations...
Achieving change using the supply chain model in construction
Since the 1990s, the Health and Safety Executive's (HSE) Construction Division has been working in partnership with industry to bring about better risk management within construction. One aspect of this work is the supply chain model, which attempts to take a cohesive approach by drawing together stakeholders from across the construction industry to develop solutions together. To date, seven different strands of work, each targeting a different process or health risk, have been initiated or completed. Source : http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr843.htm
Espagne : les jeunes ouvriers de la construction, principales victimes des accidents mortels du travail
Les autorités de la Communauté autonome de Castille-La Manche (centre de l'Espagne) viennent de publier un rapport qui analyse la cause des accidents du travail mortels qui se sont produits dans cette région d'Espagne entre 2005 et 2007. L'analyse porte sur 90 cas. Elle permet de mieux comprendre les causes qui contribuent à ces accidents. Différents groupes de causes ont été identifiés. Les deux groupes de causes qui contribuent le plus aux accidents mortels sont l'organisation du travail et une mauvaise gestion de la prévention...
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