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Implications of work effort and discretion for employee well-being and career-related outcomes
An integrative assessment How does work effort affect employee outcomes? The authors bridge distinct literatures on the well-being versus career-related implications of work effort by analyzing the relation of overtime work and work intensity to both types of outcomes. They also extend examination of the role of discretion in modifying the effects of work effort from well-being to career-related outcomes. Using data from the fifth and sixth European Working Conditions Surveys, the authors show that greater work effort relates strongly to reduced well-being and modestly to inferior career-related...
Les activités rémunérées des étudiants: quelles formes et quelle organisation?
En moyenne de 2013 à 2015, parmi les 2,4 millions de jeunes âgés de 18 à 29 ans qui suivent des études dans l'enseignement supérieur, près de 23 % sont actifs au sens du Bureau international du travail (BIT). L'activité rémunérée d'un étudiant est particulière en raison du cumul de l'emploi et des études. Le taux et les formes d'emploi des étudiants varient en fonction du calendrier des études. Les étudiants qui travaillent déclarent majoritairement choisir...
Organizational change, psychosocial work environment, and non-disability early retirement
A prospective study among senior public employees To date, this is the most exhaustive study to examine voluntary early retirement behavior among senior public service employees exposed to organizational change and subsequent assessment of the psychosocial work environment on the work-unit level. Decision-makers should consider the impact of organizational change and the psychosocial work environment in strategies to maintain senior public employees in the labor market. Source: Breinegaard, N., Jensen, J. H., & Bonde, J. P. (2017). Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health . http...
Occupational factors and markers of ovarian reserve and response among women at a fertility centre
Objectives: To explore whether work schedules and physically demanding work were associated with markers of ovarian reserve and response. Methods: This analysis included women (n=473 and n=313 for ovarian reserve and ovarian response analysis, respectively) enrolled in a prospective cohort study of couples presenting to an academic fertility centre (2004-2015). Information on occupational factors was collected on a take-home questionnaire, and reproductive outcomes were abstracted from electronic medical records. Generalised linear models and generalised linear mixed models were used to evaluate...
Mind the gap: a qualitative approach to assessing why different sub-cultures within high-risk industries interpret safety rule gaps in different ways
Measuring the distance between the performance of safety rules as imagined and safety rules as enacted in high-risk environments has been an area of great interest and debate in recent years. Yet a significant gap in our understanding remains. Some authors have even advised us to “stop bitching about the gap” and start closing it (Hale and Borys, 2013a, p. 218). In this paper, we follow this call by investigating the relationship between safety rules as imagined, and enacted, in a rule-driven organization working in the oil and gas industry in Norway. Specifically, we investigate how...
The Breast Cancer Fund: Working Women and Breast Cancer
The State of the Evidence Based on the current evidence, action to reduce workplace exposures linked to breast cancer is imperative. The Breast Cancer Fund has spent nearly 15 years translating the science that links environmental exposures to breast cancer, and advocating for change. In the past several years, it has become increasingly evident that the workplace may be a substantive source of many of these exposures and of the resulting risk for breast cancer. Source: http://www.etui.org/fr/content/download/21116/176339/file/working-women-and-breast-cancer-1.pdf
Association Between Organization Culture, Health Status, and Presenteeism
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine relationships of organizational culture and health behaviors with presenteeism. Method: Data of a self-reported questionnaire were collected from 816 employees, who joined the study on a voluntary basis, in seven enterprises in northern Taiwan. Results: Organizational culture and health behaviors were found to be significantly associated with presenteeism. After adjusting for confounding factors, the number of health complaints seemed to be more suitable than chronic diseases in predicting presenteeism. Conclusions: This study result implied that...
Employer downsizing and older workers’ health
We estimate the effect of employer downsizing on older workers' health outcomes using different approaches to control for endogeneity and sample selection. With the exception of the insrumental variables approach, wich provides large imprecise estimates, our results suggest that employer downsizing increases the probability that older workers rate their health as fair or poor; increases the risk of showing symptoms of clinical depression; and increases the risk of being diagnosed with stroke, arthritis, and psychiatric or emotional problems. We find weaker evidence that downsizing increases...
Reasons Why Physicians and Advanced Practice Clinicians Work While Sick
A Mixed-Methods Analysis Importance: When clinicians work with symptoms of infection, they can put patients and colleagues at risk. Little is known about the reasons why attending physicians and advanced practice clinicians (APCs) work while sick. Objective: To identify a comprehensive understanding of the reasons why attending physicians and APCs work while sick. Design, Setting, and Participants: We performed a mixed-methods analysis of a cross-sectional, anonymous survey administered from January 15 through March 20, 2014, in a large children's hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Data...
Discuter du travail pour mieux le transformer
Le besoin de réinitier des temps de débat dans les entreprises n'est plus contesté. La mise en œuvre d'espaces de discussion coconstruits, centrés sur l'expérience du travail, constitue un levier intéressant d'innovation sociale et d'action sur les organisations. Les chercheurs relèvent la nécessité d'une mise en discussion du travail au sein de l'entreprise, pour transformer le travail, penser les tensions, prévenir les risques... Source: Travail & Changement , janvier-février-mars...
Impact of Organizational Policies and Practices on Workplace Injuries in a Hospital Setting
Objective: This study aimed to assess relationships between perceptions of organizational practices and policies (OPP), social support, and injury rates among workers in hospital units. Methods: A total of 1230 hospital workers provided survey data on OPP, job flexibility, and social support. Demographic data and unit injury rates were collected from the hospitals' administrative databases. Results: Injury rates were lower in units where workers reported higher OPP scores and high social support. These relationships were mainly observed among registered nurses. Registered nurses perceived coworker...
Organization of work in the agricultural, forestry, and fishing sector in the US southeast
Implications for immigrant workers' occupational safety and health BACKGROUND: There is widespread agreement that work organization is an important element of occupational safety and health, but the health effects of many aspects of work organization are likely to vary considerably across different sectors of work and geographies. METHODS: We examined existing employment policies and work organization-related research relevant specifically to immigrant workers in the Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing (AgFF) Sector of the US workforce focusing, when possible, on the southeastern US. RESULTS...
Receiving Workplace Mental Health Accommodations and the Outcome of Mental Disorders in Employees With a Depressive and/or Anxiety Disorder
Objectives: To investigate the association between receiving workplace accommodations and the 1-year risk of mood/anxiety disorders. Methods: A general population sample of employees in Alberta, Canada, with a prior or current mental disorder (N = 715) was observed for 1 year. Mental disorders were determined on the basis of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 4th revision, criteria. Results: In participants who needed but did not receive any accommodations, 30.8% had a mood/anxiety disorder 1 year later. Receiving needed accommodations was associated with a lowered risk of 24.5%. Logistic regression...
A Review of the Knowledge Base on Healthy Worksite Culture
Objective: To identify the need for worksite cultures of health, the organizational factors that support worksite cultures of health, the tools that have been used to measure worksite cultures of health, and the research needs related to healthy worksite culture. Methods: A cross-sectional survey involving a sample of 500 companies representing a broad spectrum of industries and business sectors. A literature review was conducted. Results: Similar to a culture of safety that encourages safer behaviors and enables a safer workplace, a culture of health provides a supportive work leadership with...
Supervisor vs. employee safety perceptions and association with future injury in US limited-service restaurant workers
OBJECTIVES: Many studies have found management commitment to safety to be an important construct of safety climate. This study examined the association between supervisor and employee (shared and individual) perceptions of management commitment to safety and the rate of future injuries in limited-service restaurant workers. METHODS: A total of 453 participants (34 supervisors/managers and 419 employees) from 34 limited-service restaurants participated in a prospective cohort study. Employees' and managers' perceptions of management commitment to safety and demographic variables were collected...
Impact de la récession sur les politiques de gestion des âges
L'étude Eurofound sur les restructurations en période de récession et la participation au marché du travail (Restructuring in recession and labour force participation) a examiné les pratiques des entreprises en matière de gestion des âges, à la lueur des restructurations réalisées pendant la récession. Cette étude portait sur les politiques liées au maintien dans l'emploi des travailleurs plus âgés (50 ans et plus) au niveau national et à celui des établissements, dans neuf...
A review of workplace transport safety and HSE commissioned work on manual handling and delivery of goods
The Heath and Safety Laboratory (HSL) was approached by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) Workplace Transport programme to carry out a general literature review in the area of workplace transport safety. After discussions to establish the scope of the work, the project team identified that, for completeness of information, a review concerning the related aspect of manual handling and delivery of goods should also be included. This report presents the results of the literature review in the areas of a) workplace transport safety, and b) manual handling and delivery of goods. Source : http:/...

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