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A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial Investigating the Impact of a Workplace Resilience Program During a Time of Significant Organizational Change
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a short-term resilience intervention as measured by the Resilience at Work (RAW) scale. Methods: A 5-week resilience program was implemented with 28 volunteers and assessed by the 20-item RAW scale. The scale was administered electronically and participants were match paired into either a treatment or control group. Statistical analysis was conducted using a 2?×?2 group (Treatment, control) × time (pre, post) analysis of variance with repeated measures. Results: Postintervention time point RAW total score was significantly...
A practical scale for Multi-Faceted Organizational Health Climate Assessment
The current study sought to develop a practical scale to measure 3 facets of workplace health climate from the employee perspective as an important component of a healthy organization. The goal was to create a short, usable yet comprehensive scale that organizations and occupational health professionals could use to determine if workplace health interventions were needed. The proposed Multi-faceted Organizational Health Climate Assessment (MOHCA) scale assesses facets that correspond to 3 organizational levels: (a) workgroup, (b) supervisor, and (c) organization. Ten items were developed and tested...
Le bore-out, nouveau risque psychosocial?
Quand s'ennuyer au travail devient douloureux Si la surcharge de travail peut être à l'origine du burnout, la baisse ou le manque d'activité de travail inscrit le bore-out au tableau des risques psychosociaux. Le " Bore-out Syndrom " prend racine dans les terreaux fertiles des réorganisations qui se succèdent, laissant des services entiers sans mission bien définie. Prévenir l'ennui au travail est devenu un enjeu fort en raison du risque de rupture d'équilibre autour de la centralité du travail. Les directions...
Promoting Healthy Workplaces by Building Cultures of Health and Applying Strategic Communications
Objective: The aim of the study was to identify key success elements of employer-sponsored health promotion (wellness) programs. Methods: We conducted an updated literature review, held discussions with subject matter experts, and visited nine companies with exemplary programs to examine current best and promising practices in workplace health promotion programs. Results: Best practices include establishing a culture of health and using strategic communications. Key elements that contribute to a culture of health are leadership commitment, social and physical environmental support, and employee...
La qualité du travail au coeur de la formation
Face aux problèmes récurrents de l'insertion et du maintien en emploi, la formation professionnelle en situation de travail suscite un regain d'intérêt auprès des partenaires sociaux et des pouvoirs publics. À la faveur d'une expérimentation initiée par le ministère du Travail, elle pourrait même devenir un format de référence dans les plans de formation. À condition que les entreprises adaptent leurs organisations du travail. Source: Travail & changement , No 361, octobre-novembre-décembre...
Violence interne : derrière les conflits, l'organisation du travail en question
Les violences internes sont généralement le fait de dérives organisationnelles et relationnelles se déroulant au sein d'une même organisation de travail. Afin de guider l'action de prévention, l'INRS propose un modèle général d'analyse permettant d'identifier les processus délétères en cause et, ainsi, d'agir là où se concentrent les difficultés. Source: http://www.hst.fr/inrs-pub/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/HST_DC%2010/$File/DC10.pdf
Transformation numérique et vie au travail
Le présent rapport s’organise autour de trois axes : Dans une première partie, la mission s’est attachée à identifier les principaux impacts du numérique sur le travail, puis à en déduire les clés d’une réussite de la transformation numérique. La deuxième partie présente de manière plus détaillée l’impact de cette transformation sur les principaux éléments constitutifs du contrat de travail (lieu de travail, temps de travail, lien de subordination), mais...
Work demands and health consequences of organizational and technological measures introduced to enhance the quality of home care services
This study of home care workers in a Norwegian municipality aimed to examine the effect of two measures involving organizational (job checklists) and technological (personal digital assistants) job aids on perceived work demands and musculoskeletal health. Questionnaire data was collected in 2009 (n = 138, response rate 76.2%) and 2011 (n = 80, response rate 54%). Forty-six home care workers responded at both waves. Respondents were assigned into ‘high', ‘moderate' and ‘low' strain groups based on their responses to open and closed survey questions regarding impact...
The Breast Cancer Fund: Working Women and Breast Cancer
The State of the Evidence Based on the current evidence, action to reduce workplace exposures linked to breast cancer is imperative. The Breast Cancer Fund has spent nearly 15 years translating the science that links environmental exposures to breast cancer, and advocating for change. In the past several years, it has become increasingly evident that the workplace may be a substantive source of many of these exposures and of the resulting risk for breast cancer. Source: http://www.etui.org/fr/content/download/21116/176339/file/working-women-and-breast-cancer-1.pdf
Sources of work health and safety information in Australian workplaces
How businesses and workers gain access to work health and safety information has been identified as an area of interest in the Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy 2012–2022 under the action area of Health and safety capabilities: Improved work health and safety capabilities . The report presents findings on how employers, sole traders (operators of non-employing businesses) and workers source information about work health and safety as measured by the Perceptions of Work Health and Safety Survey 2012 and the Health and Safety at Work: Your experience and costs Survey 2014. How employers...
Association Between Organization Culture, Health Status, and Presenteeism
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine relationships of organizational culture and health behaviors with presenteeism. Method: Data of a self-reported questionnaire were collected from 816 employees, who joined the study on a voluntary basis, in seven enterprises in northern Taiwan. Results: Organizational culture and health behaviors were found to be significantly associated with presenteeism. After adjusting for confounding factors, the number of health complaints seemed to be more suitable than chronic diseases in predicting presenteeism. Conclusions: This study result implied that...
Sources of work health and safety information in Australian workplaces
How businesses and workers gain access to work health and safety information has been identified as an area of interest in the Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy 2012–2022 under the action area of Health and safety capabilities: Improved work health and safety capabilities. The report presents findings on how employers, sole traders (operators of non-employing businesses) and workers source information about work health and safety as measured by the Perceptions of Work Health and Safety Survey 2012 and the Health and Safety at Work: Your experience and costs Survey 2014. How employers...
Employer downsizing and older workers’ health
We estimate the effect of employer downsizing on older workers' health outcomes using different approaches to control for endogeneity and sample selection. With the exception of the insrumental variables approach, wich provides large imprecise estimates, our results suggest that employer downsizing increases the probability that older workers rate their health as fair or poor; increases the risk of showing symptoms of clinical depression; and increases the risk of being diagnosed with stroke, arthritis, and psychiatric or emotional problems. We find weaker evidence that downsizing increases...
Reasons Why Physicians and Advanced Practice Clinicians Work While Sick
A Mixed-Methods Analysis Importance: When clinicians work with symptoms of infection, they can put patients and colleagues at risk. Little is known about the reasons why attending physicians and advanced practice clinicians (APCs) work while sick. Objective: To identify a comprehensive understanding of the reasons why attending physicians and APCs work while sick. Design, Setting, and Participants: We performed a mixed-methods analysis of a cross-sectional, anonymous survey administered from January 15 through March 20, 2014, in a large children's hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Data...
Worktime control access, need and use in relation to work-home interference, fatigue, and job motivation
Objective: Worktime control (WTC) has been suggested as a tool to reduce employees' work-home interference and fatigue and improve job motivation. The purpose of this study was twofold: (i) to examine the prevalence of employees' need for, access to, and use of WTC, as well as the incongruence between need for and access to WTC (ie, mismatch); and (ii) to examine the associations of this mismatch and the use of WTC with employees' work–home interference (WHI), fatigue and job motivation. Methods: Questionnaire data were collected among a large (N=2420) quasi-representative sample...
Organizational Safety Climate and Supervisor Safety Enforcement
Multilevel Explorations of the Causes of Accident Underreporting According to national surveillance statistics, over 3 million employees are injured each year; yet, research indicates that these may be substantial underestimates of the true prevalence. The purpose of the current project was to empirically test the hypothesis that organizational safety climate and transactional supervisor safety leadership would predict the extent to which accidents go unreported by employees. Using hierarchical linear modeling and survey data collected from 1,238 employees in 33 organizations, employee-level supervisor...
Work Health and Safety Perceptions: Manufacturing Industry
This report summarises research findings for the manufacturing industry from several existing Safe Work Australia data sources. The report presents areas where the manufacturing industry is doing well and areas for improvement. It focuses on: •self-reported exposure to hazards and workplace control measures •self-reported work health and safety activities undertaken in manufacturing workplaces •work health and safety perceptions and attitudes that may act as barriers and enablers to work health and safety. The perceptions of both manufacturing workers and manufacturing employers...
Work Health and Safety Perceptions: Construction Industry
The construction industry is designated as a priority industry for work health and safety as per the 2012-22 Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy due to the high number and rate of work-related injuries and illnesses and inherent risks associated with working in the industry. This report is one of a series produced by Safe Work Australia on priority industries. These reports are intended to provide an overview of Safe Work Australia's current state of knowledge about work health and safety in priority industries. This report focuses on: •work-related injuries •exposure to disease...
Discuter du travail pour mieux le transformer
Le besoin de réinitier des temps de débat dans les entreprises n'est plus contesté. La mise en œuvre d'espaces de discussion coconstruits, centrés sur l'expérience du travail, constitue un levier intéressant d'innovation sociale et d'action sur les organisations. Les chercheurs relèvent la nécessité d'une mise en discussion du travail au sein de l'entreprise, pour transformer le travail, penser les tensions, prévenir les risques... Source: Travail & Changement , janvier-février-mars...
Les conditions de travail des salariés dans le secteur privé et la fonction publique
En 2013, les contraintes physiques dans le travail concernent plus particulièrement les salariés de l'agriculture, de la construction et de la fonction publique hospitalière. Dans ces mêmes secteurs, ainsi que dans l'industrie manufacturière, les salariés indiquent plus souvent que la moyenne être exposés à des produits chimiques. Les horaires atypiques sont plus répandus dans le commerce, les transports et la fonction publique hospitalière. L'intensité du travail apparaît relativement élevée...
Enquête sur la prévention dans les commerces de proximité
Dans le cadre de sa mission sur le secteur tertiaire, l'INRS met à disposition les résultats d'une enquête sur la prise en compte de la santé et la sécurité au travail dans le commerce à travers la franchise. Réalisée avec le cabinet Adventi, cette enquête montre une réelle connaissance des problématiques de prévention des risques professionnels, dont la prise en compte concrète est cependant variable selon les enseignes. Elle met également en évidence plusieurs leviers de prévention...
Recherche et développement conceptuels autour du bien-être au travail
Entre mesure et action L'approche bien-être au travail voudrait que la préservation de la motivation et de l'implication des salariés soit prise en compte au même titre que leur santé. Le respect de la singularité de chacun garantirait un travail plus créatif, innovant et consensuel et favoriserait alors l'efficacité économique. Après un rappel théorique sur les notions de risques psychosociaux, d'autorégulation des systèmes organisationnels, de feed-back , deux modalités d'interventions...
Pilot fatigue
Relationships with departure and arrival times, flight duration, and direction INTRODUCTION: Flight timing is expected to influence pilot fatigue because it determines the part of the circadian body clock cycle that is traversed during a flight. However the effects of flight timing are not well-characterized because field studies typically focus on specific flights with a limited range of departure times and have small sample sizes. The present project combined data from four studies, including 13 long-range and ultra-long range out-and-back trips across a range of departure and arrival times ...
Impact of Organizational Policies and Practices on Workplace Injuries in a Hospital Setting
Objective: This study aimed to assess relationships between perceptions of organizational practices and policies (OPP), social support, and injury rates among workers in hospital units. Methods: A total of 1230 hospital workers provided survey data on OPP, job flexibility, and social support. Demographic data and unit injury rates were collected from the hospitals' administrative databases. Results: Injury rates were lower in units where workers reported higher OPP scores and high social support. These relationships were mainly observed among registered nurses. Registered nurses perceived coworker...
Shift work and diabetes mellitus
A meta-analysis of observational studies Background: Observational studies suggest that shift work may be associated with diabetes mellitus (DM). However, the results are inconsistent. No systematic reviews have applied quantitative techniques to compute summary risk estimates. Objectives: To conduct a meta-analysis of observational studies assessing the association between shift work and the risk of DM. Methods: Relevant studies were identified by a search of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and ProQuest Dissertation and Theses databases to April 2014. We also reviewed reference lists from retrieved...
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