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Shift work and mental health: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Background: Shift work is common. However, research findings are mixed regarding the impact of shift work on mental health. This systematic review sought to provide a comprehensive summary of existing research examining the association between different types of shift work and mental health. The review included large-scale, non-occupation-specific research. Methods: Four electronic databases PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Science and SCOPUS were searched to identify studies that reported on the statistical association between shift work and mental health and that used population-based samples. Two reviewers...
Night work and risk of common mental disorders
Analyzing observational data as a non-randomized pseudo trial Finnish night workers had higher odds of developing common mental disorders (CMD) compared with day workers and they showed higher recovery rates from CMD when moving back to day work. Awareness should therefore be raised promoting the importance of good sleep hygiene. However, workplace policies should take into account the degree of individual resilience to adverse health effects of night work. Source: Beltagy, M. S., Pentti, J., Vahtera, J. et Kivimäki, M. (2018). Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health . http...
Implications of work effort and discretion for employee well-being and career-related outcomes
An integrative assessment How does work effort affect employee outcomes? The authors bridge distinct literatures on the well-being versus career-related implications of work effort by analyzing the relation of overtime work and work intensity to both types of outcomes. They also extend examination of the role of discretion in modifying the effects of work effort from well-being to career-related outcomes. Using data from the fifth and sixth European Working Conditions Surveys, the authors show that greater work effort relates strongly to reduced well-being and modestly to inferior career-related...
Dimensions sociales et psychologiques associées aux activités minières et impacts sur la qualité de vie
L'intérêt de l'industrie et du gouvernement pour la mise en valeur des ressources minérales du territoire québécois, particulièrement sur le territoire visé par le Plan Nord, convie les acteurs de la santé publique à étudier les activités qui y sont associées et leurs répercussions sanitaires. Afin de répondre au besoin du réseau de la santé publique de mieux comprendre les répercussions sanitaires associées aux activités minières, une revue de littérature...
Night shift and rotating shift in association with sleep problems, burnout and minor mental disorder in male and female employees
Objectives: Shift work is associated with adverse physical and psychological health outcomes. However, the independent health effects of night work and rotating shift on workers' sleep and mental health risks and the potential gender differences have not been fully evaluated. Methods: We used data from a nationwide survey of representative employees of Taiwan in 2013, consisting of 16 440 employees. Participants reported their work shift patterns 1 week prior to the survey, which were classified into the four following shift types: fixed day, rotating day, fixed night and rotating night shifts...
Influence of organizational context on nursing home staff burnout
A cross-sectional survey of care aides in Western Canada Purpose: Our study examined care aide characteristics, organizational context, and frequency of dementia-related resident responsive behaviours associated with burnout. Burnout is the experience of emotional exhaustion, cynicism, and professional inefficacy. Care aide burnout has implications for turnover, staff health, and quality of care. Design and methods: We used surveys collected from 1194 care aides from 30 urban nursing homes in three Western Canadian provinces. We used a mixed-effects regression analysis to assess care aide characteristics...
Working hours and the onset of depressive disorder
A systematic review and meta-analysis This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine whether working beyond the standard working hours was associated with a greater risk of depressive disorder among workers included in published prospective studies. This manuscript was prepared according to the PRISMA guideline checklist. A database search was conducted using MEDLINE (PubMed), PsycINFO, and PsycARTICLES using a relevant set of keywords. The eligibility criteria were as follows: (1) participants were adult workers; (2) exposure was defined as overtime work; (3) outcome were depressive...
Étude des perceptions de l'environnement de travail au cours du poste chez des travailleurs postés
Pour mieux comprendre les effets du travail en horaires postés, nous avons étudié les variations des perceptions de l'environnement de travail selon le poste travaillé et la phase du poste. Le questionnaire construit, en référence au Job Content Questionnaire, mesure les perceptions de demandes, contrôle et soutien social et deux dimensions supplémentaires : les ressources techniques et humaines et les interférences travail-hors travail. Il a été renseigné à trois reprises (une heure après le début...
Joint association of sleep problems and psychosocial working conditions with registered long-term sickness absence
A Danish cohort study Objectives: Sleep problems and adverse psychosocial working conditions are associated with increased risk of long-term sickness absence. Because sleep problems affect role functioning they may also exacerbate any effects of psychosocial working conditions and vice versa. We examined whether sleep problems and psychosocial working conditions interact in their associations with long-term sickness absence. Methods: We linked questionnaire data from participants to two surveys of random samples of the Danish working population (N=10 752) with registries on long-term sick leave...
Characteristics of shift work and their impact on employee performance and wellbeing
A literature review Objectives: To identify the characteristics of shift work that have an effect on employee's performance (including job performance, productivity, safety, quality of care delivered, errors, adverse events and client satisfaction) and wellbeing (including burnout, job satisfaction, absenteeism, intention to leave the job) in all sectors including healthcare. Review methods: The search was conducted between January and March 2015. Studies were drawn from all occupational sectors (i.e. health and non health), meeting the inclusion criteria: involved participants aged ≥18...
A practical scale for Multi-Faceted Organizational Health Climate Assessment
The current study sought to develop a practical scale to measure 3 facets of workplace health climate from the employee perspective as an important component of a healthy organization. The goal was to create a short, usable yet comprehensive scale that organizations and occupational health professionals could use to determine if workplace health interventions were needed. The proposed Multi-faceted Organizational Health Climate Assessment (MOHCA) scale assesses facets that correspond to 3 organizational levels: (a) workgroup, (b) supervisor, and (c) organization. Ten items were developed and tested...
The crossover of psychological distress from leaders to subordinates in teams
The role of abusive supervision, psychological capital, and team performance This study examines the underlying mechanism of the crossover process in work teams. Drawing on conservation of resources theory, we hypothesize that a leader's psychological distress positively influences subordinates' psychological distress through abusive supervision. We further hypothesize that team performance attenuates the association between a leader's psychological distress and abusive supervision. In addition, we expect that psychological capital attenuates the positive relationship between abusive...
Long working hours and use of psychotropic medicine
A follow-up study with register linkage Objective: This study aimed to investigate the possibility of a prospective association between long working hours and use of psychotropic medicine. Methods: Survey data drawn from random samples of the general working population of Denmark in the time period 1995–2010 were linked to national registers covering all inhabitants. The participants were followed for first occurrence of redeemed prescriptions for psychotropic medicine. The primary analysis included 25 959 observations (19 259 persons) and yielded a total of 2914 new cases of psychotropic...
Les effets paradoxaux de la surveillance électronique dans un centre d'appels sous-traitant
Le développement de systèmes de surveillance électronique sur les plateformes d'appels téléphoniques permet l'enregistrement et la mesure de la performance des salariés de manière continue. L'expérimentation dont rend compte ce Connaissance de l'emploi vise à mieux comprendre le fonctionnement des systèmes de surveillance électronique dans un contexte de travail réel. Elle teste les effets d'une diminution de l'intensité de la surveillance électronique sur la qualité...
Effects of Psychological and Social Factors in Shiftwork on Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression in Nurses
A 1-Year Follow-Up Objectives: The aim of the current study was to elucidate prospective effects of both shift schedules and work environment on mental distress. Methods: A total of 2059 nurses participated at baseline (38.1%), and 1582 nurses completed wave 2 of the survey (76.8%). Psychosocial work factors were measured by the General Nordic Questionnaire for Psychological and Social factors at work and the Swedish Demand–Control–Support Questionnaire. Mental distress was measured by Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results: Shiftwork was not associated with “caseness”...
Workplace stress and working from home influence depressive symptoms among employed women with young children
BACKGROUND: Poor balance between work and family can be a major stressor for women with young children and have a negative impact on emotional well-being. Family-friendly workplace attributes may reduce stress and depressive symptoms among this population. However, few studies have analyzed the role of specific workplace attributes on mental health outcomes among women with young children because available data are limited. PURPOSE: This study examines the impact of workplace attributes on changes in depressive symptoms among working women with young children between 6 and 24 months of age. METHOD...
Shift work and mental health sickness absence
A 10-year observational cohort study among male production workers Objectives: Epidemiological studies investigating mental-health-related sickness absence (SA) among shift workers are lacking. This 10-year observational study investigated the risk of mental health SA among shift compared with day workers. Methods: The data of 5826 male production workers were used for analyses: 4288 (74%) shift and 1538 (26%) day workers. The risk of mental health SA was analyzed with Cox regression analysis. Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were adjusted for age and occupational grade...
L'impact du pouvoir d'agir des cadres intermédiaires sur la construction du bien-être au travail d'équipes en centres d'appels
Considérant la ligne hiérarchique composée de la direction, des cadres intermédiaires, des gestionnaires de proximité et enfin des opérateurs, notre objectif est de mettre en relief l'impact du pouvoir d'agir de cadres intermédiaires sur l'émergence de modes de management de proximité salutogènes pour les opérateurs en centres d'appels. Ce pouvoir d'agir peut se définir comme la capacité de ces cadres à réguler les attentes de leur direction pour diriger au mieux leurs subordonnés...
Pilotage du travail et risques psychosociaux
Selon l'enquête Sumer 2010, un tiers des salariés n'ont ni entretien individuel d'évaluation, ni objectifs chiffrés. L'entretien individuel d'évaluation fondé sur des critères « précis et mesurables » mais sans objectifs chiffrés concerne, quant à lui, 20 % des salariés. Ces derniers déclarent plus souvent que les premiers bénéficier d'autonomie et de soutien social de la part de leur hiérarchie ou de leurs collègues, et moins souvent ressentir des conflits...
Le syndrome d'épuisement, une maladie professionnelle
Cette étude à la fois qualitative, quantitative et assise sur l'examen de la littérature académique en la matière n'a évidemment pas l'ambition d'un travail de recherche fondamentale. Elle est toutefois le fruit d'un travail collectif pluridisciplinaire approfondi et rigoureux entre médecin du travail, psychologue clinicien, psychologue du travail, statisticien et spécialiste de l'organisation du travail. Par ailleurs, la variété des entreprises dans lesquelles intervient Technologia ainsi que la multiplicité...
Présentéisme
Une autre face de l'épuisement professionnel Dépasser ses horaires en permanence, travailler le soir et le week-end, ne pas prendre ses congés, venir au travail même malade… autant de signes du présentéisme. La présence excessive au travail est un symptôme de dysfonctionnements qu'il faut apprendre à décrypter. Source : Travail & changement , No. 353, Mars-avril 2014 http://www.anact.fr/portal/pls/portal/docs/1/14900380.PDF
Psychosocial Work Conditions, Health, and Leadership of Managers
Although psychosocial work conditions, health and leadership are concepts that have been studied for a long time, more knowledge is needed on how they are related in managers. Existing research suggests that managers are very influential in their workplaces, but the way in which their workplaces influence them is often overlooked. As a result, the potential reciprocity between managers' psychosocial work conditions, health and leadership is not in focus. Furthermore, managers have often been studied as a uniform group and little consideration has been given to potential differences between...
La souffrance au travail des soignants
Une analyse des conséquences délétères des outils de gestion L'évolution des réformes hospitalières conduit désormais les établissements de santé à être jugés sur la production de leur activité de soins et la performance économique obtenue par celle-ci. De ce fait, les soignants sont confrontés à des paradoxes souvent difficiles à dénouer performance économique versus qualité, cadres réglementaire et normatif versus personnalisation de la prise...
Job Control, Psychological Demand, and Farmworker Health
Evidence From the National Agricultural Workers Survey Objective: Improve understanding of the potential occupational health impact of how agricultural jobs are organized. Exposure to low job control, high psychological demands, and high job strain were hypothesized to have greater risk for poor self-rated physical health and elevated depressive symptoms. Methods: Cross-sectional data (N = 3691) obtained using the Work Organization and Psychosocial Factors module of the US National Agricultural Workers Survey fielded in 2009–2010. Results: More than one fifth (22.4%) of farmworkers reported...
Amélioration des services et des soins de fin de vie
Mieux comprendre les effets sur la satisfaction et le bien-être des infirmières Avec le vieillissement de la population, la demande de soins palliatifs (SP) de fin de vie est croissante et les services de santé s'organisent. Au Québec, les SP de fin de vie sont sur tout intégrés aux soins curatifs et on retrouve peu d'unités de SP spécialisés. Ces soins s'incorporent alors aux soins à domicile ou aux soins dispensés sur les unités de soins spécialisés en centre hospitalier, comme l'oncologie...
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