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A retrospective cohort study of shift work and risk of incident cancer among German male chemical workers
Objective: Human evidence of carcinogenicity concerning shift work is inconsistent. This industry-based cohort study aimed to examine the relationship between working in a rotating shift and cancer incidence. Methods: The cohort consisted of male production workers (12 609 shift and 15 219 day), employed in a large chemical industry for at least one year between 1995–2005, and residing in the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. Incident cancer cases from 2000–2009 were identified through record linkage with the cancer registry of Rhineland-Palatinate. Information on exposure...
The Shift-Work Accident Rate is More Related to the Shift Type than to Shift Rotation
The current study investigated the accident rates across morning, late, and night shifts in rotating shift-workers employed in two different shift rotations at the same steel work factory. A retrospective analysis has been performed of accident data (N = 578) over a 5-year period (2003 through 2007) of 730 male shift-workers employed in either a clockwise (mean age of the workers 38.1 ± SD 9.8 years) or counterclockwise rotation (mean age 38.0 ± SD 10.1 years) with comparable work conditions. The overall accident rate across the 24-h day was not significantly different between clockwise...
Bien-être émotionnel au travail et changement organisationnel. Le cas Essilor
Pour s'adapter aux modifications d'un environnement très concurrentiel, la plupart des entreprises mettent en place des projets de changements organisationnels. Ce faisant, elles se heurtent à des difficultés liées notamment aux situations de mal-être que ces changements peuvent induire. Cet article vise à explorer les effets de nouvelles politiques managériales sur le bien-être émotionnel des salariés. A partir du cas d'un des sites du Groupe Essilor, les auteurs explorent les politiques mises en oeuvre dans le contexte...
A theoretical model to ascertain determinates of occupational accidents among Ghanaian industrial workers
Thus workplace safety has been a topical issue in the occupational and organizational literature. In recent years, research in occupational accidents and organizational safety management literature has seen a gradual shift in emphasis on human error to comprehensive models that stress the role of both individuals and organizational factors in the workplace. In this study, we used a framework that incorporates both these aspects as determinates of occupational accidents, and therefore provides a link between perceptions of the work environment and individual characteristics. The individual factors...
Un projet lorrain pour concilier lean et amélioration des conditions de travail
Des PME lorraines ayant mis en oeuvre des démarche lean constatent une amélioration de la productivité, mais un aussi un impact sur la santé des salariés. Avec l’appui de l’ARACT, une action régionale vise à cerner les conditions d'un déploiement intégrant l'ensemble des dimensions de la performance. Certaines de ces entreprises s’interrogent aujourd’hui sur les effets possibles de ces démarches. Elles notent, certes, les effets bénéfiques dans un premier temps des réorganisations...

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