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Work schedule and client characteristics associated with workplace violence experience among nurses and midwives in sub-Saharan Africa
Violence against health care workers perpetrated by clients and/or their friends and family (Type II) is a growing problem that can severely impact health care delivery. We examined the prevalence of Type II workplace violence among nurses and midwives in sub-Saharan Africa and its association with work status, schedule, and client characteristics. Nurses and midwives (n = 712) completed an anonymous survey while attending nursing meetings. Generalized estimating equation models, accounting for clustering within residing countries, were employed. Participants who were exposed to risky client characteristics...
Amélioration des services et des soins de fin de vie
Mieux comprendre les effets sur la satisfaction et le bien-être des infirmières Avec le vieillissement de la population, la demande de soins palliatifs (SP) de fin de vie est croissante et les services de santé s'organisent. Au Québec, les SP de fin de vie sont sur tout intégrés aux soins curatifs et on retrouve peu d'unités de SP spécialisés. Ces soins s'incorporent alors aux soins à domicile ou aux soins dispensés sur les unités de soins spécialisés en centre hospitalier, comme l'oncologie...
Circadian gene expression in peripheral blood leukocytes of rotating night shift nurses
Objective : It has been hypothesized that the underlying mechanism of elevated breast cancer risk among long-term, night-working women involves circadian genes expression alteration caused by exposure to light at night and/or irregular work hours. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of rotating night shift work on expression of selected core circadian genes. Methods : The cross-sectional study was conducted on 184 matched nurses and midwives, who currently work either day or rotating night shifts, to determine the effect of irregular work at night on circadian gene expression...
Psychosocial precursors and physical consequences of workplace violence towards nurses
A longitudinal examination with naturally occurring groups in hospital settings BACKGROUND: Workplace violence towards nurses is prevalent and consequential, contributing to nurses' reduced health and safety, worsened job attitudes, and compromised productivity. OBJECTIVES: To examine if organizational violence prevention climate as perceived by nurses predicts nurses' physical violence exposure and if physical violence exposure predicts nurses' somatic symptoms and musculoskeletal disorder symptoms. DESIGN: A two-wave longitudinal design with naturally occurring groups, with a 6-month...
ACOEM Releases Guidance on Managing Workplace Fatigue
A workplace in which hazards are well-controlled, with an active culture of health and a supportive work environment, can enhance worker health and well-being, both on and off the job. Implementing a comprehensive fatigue risk management system could improve workplace safety and efficiency, according to a new guidance paper released by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Safety and productivity in the workplace are directly related to worker health, reports the paper, titled, “Fatigue Risk Management in the Workplace.” A workplace may have chemical, physical...
Nurses' Work Schedule Characteristics, Nurse Staffing, and Patient Mortality
Background: Although nurse staffing has been found to be related to patient mortality, there has been limited study of the independent effect of work schedules on patient care outcomes. Objective: To determine if, in hospitals where nurses report more adverse work schedules, there would be increased patient mortality, controlling for staffing. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used, with multilevel data from a 2004 survey of 633 nurses working in 71 acute nonfederal hospitals in North Carolina and Illinois. Mortality measures were the risk-adjusted Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality...
Un DVD pour prévenir les risques chez les soignants
Le DVD « Soignants » nouvellement conçu par l'INRS s'adresse principalement aux décideurs en établissements de soins et aux soignants. A travers fictions courtes et reportages sont présentées les principales maladies professionnelles auxquelles sont confrontés les soignants. L'outil propose également des retours d'expérience de certaines structures. Les nouvelles conditions de travail et les méthodes de gestion davantage orientées vers les gains de productivité du secteur médical ont...
Overcrowding in hospital wards increases andtidepressant use among personnel
Overcrowding in terms of high bed occupancy increases antidepressant use among hospital personnel, says recent research coordinated by the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health. The study has just been published online in the high-quality American Journal of Psychiatry. "This study suggests that patient overcrowding increases mental disorders requiring medica-tion, such as depression, among employees", says special researcher Marianna Virtanen from the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health. "Risk for depression seems to increase after at least six months' patient overcrowding"...
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