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Comparison of rest-break interventions during a mentally demanding task
Research is scarce on ways to enhance the effect of rest breaks during mentally demanding tasks. The present study investigated the effectiveness of two rest-break interventions on well-being during an academic lecture. Sixty-six students (53 females, mean age 22.5 years) enrolled in two different university classes of 4-hr duration participated in the study. Two measures of well-being (fatigue and vigor) were assessed immediately before, after, and 20 minutes after the break. A control condition without a break as well as an unstructured break was compared with breaks either encompassing physical...
Implications of work effort and discretion for employee well-being and career-related outcomes
An integrative assessment How does work effort affect employee outcomes? The authors bridge distinct literatures on the well-being versus career-related implications of work effort by analyzing the relation of overtime work and work intensity to both types of outcomes. They also extend examination of the role of discretion in modifying the effects of work effort from well-being to career-related outcomes. Using data from the fifth and sixth European Working Conditions Surveys, the authors show that greater work effort relates strongly to reduced well-being and modestly to inferior career-related...
Étude des perceptions de l'environnement de travail au cours du poste chez des travailleurs postés
Pour mieux comprendre les effets du travail en horaires postés, nous avons étudié les variations des perceptions de l'environnement de travail selon le poste travaillé et la phase du poste. Le questionnaire construit, en référence au Job Content Questionnaire, mesure les perceptions de demandes, contrôle et soutien social et deux dimensions supplémentaires : les ressources techniques et humaines et les interférences travail-hors travail. Il a été renseigné à trois reprises (une heure après le début...
Is Work Bad for Health?
The Role of Constraint vs Choice This paper reviews the literature on the impact of work on health. We consider work along two dimensions: (i) the intensive margin, i.e. how many hours an individual works and (ii) the extensive margin, i.e. whether an individual is in employment or not, independent of the number of hours worked. We show that most of the evidence on the negative health impact of work found in the literature is based on situations in which workers have essentially no control (no choice) over the amount of work they provide. In essence, what is detrimental to health is not so much...
Work schedule and client characteristics associated with workplace violence experience among nurses and midwives in sub-Saharan Africa
Violence against health care workers perpetrated by clients and/or their friends and family (Type II) is a growing problem that can severely impact health care delivery. We examined the prevalence of Type II workplace violence among nurses and midwives in sub-Saharan Africa and its association with work status, schedule, and client characteristics. Nurses and midwives (n = 712) completed an anonymous survey while attending nursing meetings. Generalized estimating equation models, accounting for clustering within residing countries, were employed. Participants who were exposed to risky client characteristics...
Correlates of negative physical health in call center shift workers
The call center industry, a burgeoning sector is characterized by unique job demands, which render it susceptible to high attrition rates and negative health concerns. This study examined the relationship between job stress from interpersonal factors, job stress from work factors, coping, inadequate sleep, and negative physical health reports among call center shift workers (n = 239), a relatively under-researched population. Inadequate sleep and job stress from interpersonal factors were associated with negative physical health outcome for the participants in this study. Further, spending longer...
Belgique. Une recherche sur le bien-être au travail dans les centres d'appels
Alors que l'activité est en pleine croissance, les centres d'appels de Belgique peinent à recruter. Afin de mieux connaître les difficultés et les risques en matière de bien-être au travail spécifiques à ce secteur, le ministère en charge du travail en Belgique a commandé une étude auprès de chercheurs. Le rapport final identifie 7 grandes contraintes s'appliquant sur les opérateurs, et propose pour chacune des pistes d'action. Ces recommandations sont organisées en fonction des principales...
Mental Health Conditions, Individual and Job Characteristics and Sleep Disturbances among Firefighters
This study aimed to assess the associations between mental health conditions, individual and job characteristics and sleep disturbances among firefighters. Of 303 participants, 51.2% reported sleep disturbances. Psychological distress and psychosomatic disturbances were significantly associated with sleep disturbances. Suicidal ideation, unhealthy alcohol use and time as a firefighter were also associated with sleep disturbances but at a borderline level of significance (0.05 < p < .085). These findings may be related to the psychological and physical hazards of firefighting and indicate...
Organizational factors associated with work-related sleep problems in a nationally representative sample of Korean workers
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the association of organizational factors with work-related sleep problems (WRSP) among Korean workers. METHODS: The data were derived from the First Korean Working Conditions Survey conducted in 2006 with a representative sample of the Korean working population (n = 10,039). RESULTS: The overall prevalence of WRSP was 5.1 % (95 % confidence interval (CI) 4.7-5.5). Those who experienced sexual harassment at work (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 3.47: 95 % CI 1.77-6.81), discrimination due to sex (aOR 2.44: 95 % CI 1.36-4.36) or age (aOR 2.22: 95 % CI 1...
ACOEM Releases Guidance on Managing Workplace Fatigue
A workplace in which hazards are well-controlled, with an active culture of health and a supportive work environment, can enhance worker health and well-being, both on and off the job. Implementing a comprehensive fatigue risk management system could improve workplace safety and efficiency, according to a new guidance paper released by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Safety and productivity in the workplace are directly related to worker health, reports the paper, titled, “Fatigue Risk Management in the Workplace.” A workplace may have chemical, physical...
Health Impact of The Psychosocial Hazards of Work
An Overview Psychosocial risks go hand in hand with the experience of work-related stress. Longitudinal studies and systematic reviews have indicated that stress at work is associated with heart disease, depression, and musculoskeletal disorders and there is consistent evidence that high job demands, low control, and effort-reward imbalance are risk factors for mental and physical health problems, thereby leading to further strain on public spending for increased costs on healthcare. Despite the available evidence, the prevention and management of psychosocial risks has not been high on the policy...
L’organisation du travail à l’hôpital
Évolutions récentes L'organisation du travail dans le secteur de la santé répond à des exigences d'égalité d'accès et de continuité des soins. En conséquence, les contraintes temporelles de travail, le dimanche et de nuit, y sont nettement plus répandues, notamment pour le personnel soignant (infirmières et aides-soignantes) et médical (médecins et pharmaciens), que dans la plupart des autres secteurs marchands de l'économie. De plus, quand ils sont interrogés, les professionnels...
Working conditions in the European Union
Working time and work intensity This report outlines the current situation regarding work intensity, indicating a clear link between work intensity and poor working conditions, both physical and psychological. The analysis is based on findings from the fourth European Working Conditions Survey carried out in 31 countries, including the 27 EU Member States. The analysis reveals sharp variations between different Member States in relation to working hours and the associated gender gap, and points to the huge costs both for workers and companies arising from high work intensity. Report : http://www...
Portrait des conditions de pratique et de la pénurie des effectifs infirmiers au Québec
Ce document vise à établir un portrait du contexte de pratique des effectifs infirmiers québécois et de les comparer avec celui qui prévaut dans les autres provinces canadiennes. On trouve dans un premier temps que l'intensité de travail des infirmières québécoises est plus faible que celle du reste du Canada, notamment au chapitre des heures effectives travaillées, des heures contractées et des heures supplémentaires. http://www.cirano.qc.ca/pdf/publication/2009RP-01.pdf

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