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Human factors in the major hazard industries
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has recently published two significant reports assisting both it and other organisations sharing the aim of using human factors to better manage and prevent the risk of major accident hazards. In the first report, (RR758) the authors, Greenstreet Berman Ltd consider the extent to which those with influence within high hazard industries take account of Human factors and Ergonomics (HF/E) when making decisions about ‘process safety'. The second report, from Oxford University (RR772) details the offshore working time arrangements in operation in the...
Caffeine for the prevention of injuries and errors in shift
Sleepiness leads to a deterioration in performance and attention, and is associated with an increased risk of injury. Jet lag and shift work disorder are circadian rhythm sleep disorders which result in sleepiness and can elevate injury risk. They create a need for individuals to operate at times which are different to those dictated by their circadian rhythms. Consequently there is also a need for interventions to help ensure that these persons can do so safely. Caffeine has a potential role in promoting alertness during times of desired wakefulness in persons with jet lag or shift work disorder...
Infirmières de nuit
Isolement et rôle de l'expérience Souvent méconnu et mal reconnu, même au sein de l'hôpital, le travail des infirmières de nuit n'en tient pas moins une place importante dans la continuité des soins. L'observation de cette activité dans deux unités de pneumologie permet d'en voir les particularités et les difficultés. La recherche en ergonomie, présentée ici, montre en effet que l'isolement des équipes de nuit (peu de contacts avec les médecins et le personnel de jour) ainsi...

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