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The rise of the «just-in-time workforce»
On-demand work, crowdwork and labour protection in the «gig-economy» The so-called “gig-economy” has been growing exponentially in numbers and importance in recent years but its impact on labour rights has been largely overlooked. Forms of work in the “gig-economy” include “crowdwork”, and “work-on-demand via apps”, under which the demand and supply of working activities is matched online or via mobile apps. These forms of work can provide a good match of job opportunities and allow flexible working schedules. However, they can also pave...
Flexible working time arrangements and gender equality
A recent EU study looks at the incidence of flexible working time arrangements and their implication for gender equality in 30 European countries. It found wide diversity in the length of working time but an overall increase in its incidence. It also looked at flexibility in the organisation of working time, focusing on flexible schedules, working from home and atypical hours. There were some positive links with gender equality but some potentially more negative aspects. Source : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/2011/01/EU1101031I.htm
Extending flexicurity
The potential of short-time working schemes : ERM Report 2010 In the face of recession, falling demand and the consequent slowing of production, short-time working and temporary layoff schemes have been extended (or introduced) in many Member States. These schemes, often with the aid of public funds, reduce working time, while protecting workers' incomes and company solvency; frequently, the time spent not working is used for training instead. This report examines the practice of reduced working time across Europe, and looks in detail at how it is implemented in 10 Member States, with a view...
Key elements of fair employment and decent work
One section of the report ‘Closing the gap in a generation: Health equity through action on the social determinants of health’ issued by the Commission on Social Determinants of Health and published by the World Health Organization focuses on the issues of fair employment and decent work. It examines a range of issues related to working conditions and presents a series of recommendations on how to improve factors relevant to achieving fair employment and decent work. Source : http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/2010/10/EU1010011I.htm
Conditions de travail : les femmes pas tout à fait égales aux hommes
La Cegos publie les résultats d'une enquête réalisée en septembre 2010 auprès de 900 femmes salariées et de 166 directions des ressources humaines. Objectifs : identifier les aspirations des femmes au travail, les difficultés rencontrées, savoir comment les entreprises répondent aux obligations légales en matière d'égalité. Il ressort qu'une femme sur quatre estime avoir e´te´ victime de "discrimination", que la "maternite´" constitue le frein principal a`...
Flexibility profiles of European companies
This report analyses European corporate practices in terms of working time flexibility as revealed by the European Company Survey 2009 (ECS 2009). Flexibility in working time is a central aspect of ongoing debates regarding boosting employment in the EU. Enabling employees to better balance their working time and domestic reponsibilities is seen as a key way of encouraging more citizens to enter and remain in the workforce. At the same time, greater working time flexibility on the part of companies – and hence, employees – can enable European enterprises to be more responsive to market...
Focus on ‘very atypical work’
Those who do not work on standard, full-time, permanent employment contracts are less satisfied with their working conditions than their counterparts in standard employment, are less likely to receive training paid for by their employer and are more likely to perform monotonous tasks. Two new publications from Eurofound address the complex issue of so-called ‘atypical work'. A comparative report, Flexible forms of work: ‘very atypical' contractual arrangements, highlights the increase in the use of work arrangements without a written contract, of part-time work of fewer than...
Family life and work
Demographic change and labour market developments impact significantly on the family life and work of Europeans, with far-reaching consequences for the future. The policy approach in this area has in recent years focused on increasing the employment rates of women, finding ways for both men and women to achieve a better work–life balance and, more recently, promoting a rise in birth rates. This report explores the subject of work and family life across Europe, looking at ways to find a better balance between the demands of work and family responsibilities. Based on data from the second European...
Very atypical work
Exploratory analysis of fourth European Working Conditions Survey The report seeks to examine the phenomenon of ‘very atypical' work, looking at the incidence and nature of this form of work across the 27 EU Member States (EU27) and Norway. At the same time, it attempts to assess the working conditions of these ‘very atypical' forms of work, including whether such work constitutes a stepping stone to more standard forms of employment or if it entails a risk of social exclusion. In addition, the report sets out to examine the views and actions of the social partners in relation...
Enquête sur les entreprises en Europe
Premiers résultats (résumé) Au printemps 2009, Eurofound a mené une enquête représentative de grande envergure auprès de directeurs et de représentants des salariés. L‘enquête sur les entreprises en Europe 2009 (ECS) – Flexibilité et dialogue social (European Company Survey 2009 – Flexibility practices and social dialogue) est la deuxième enquête lancée auprès des entreprises par Eurofound à l'échelle européenne. Cette enquête décrit les stratégies...
Les conditions de travail des non-salariés en 2005
En 2005, 2,7 millions d'actifs occupés étaient non salariés parmi lesquels 600 000 exploitants agricoles et 250 000 aides familiaux. Les non-salariés exercent plus souvent que les salariés des métiers qui comportent des pénibilités physiques. Agriculteurs exploitants et artisans sont soumis à des pénibilités physiques d'un niveau élevé proche de celles des salariés des mêmes domaines. Le travail prend beaucoup de place dans la vie des non-salariés du fait d'horaires étendus...
Le marché du travail et les parents
Le rapport Le marché du travail et les parents fournit des statistiques et analyses relatives à la conciliation famille-travail au Québec pour les personnes âgées de 25 à 44 ans. L'information est présentée pour l'année 2008 ou en fonction des données les plus récentes disponibles; une analyse de l'évolution est également faite lorsque pertinent. Ce rapport examine comment la charge familiale influence la participation au marché du travail et comment le fait d'avoir à concilier...
Présentation de l'Eurofound devant le Parlement Européen
With the title of ‘Living and Working in Europe’ , the exhibition will draw on Eurofound research to provide a range of materials that will give the latest information in relation to what it actually means to live and work in Europe today. Equally importantly, the week’s events will reinforce the strong ties that Eurofound enjoys with the Parliament and will enable MEPs, their assistants and the staff of political Groups and Committees to speak to Eurofound staff directly about their own areas of interest and to obtain relevant input from an independent research perspective. A...

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