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Shift work and mental health: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Background: Shift work is common. However, research findings are mixed regarding the impact of shift work on mental health. This systematic review sought to provide a comprehensive summary of existing research examining the association between different types of shift work and mental health. The review included large-scale, non-occupation-specific research. Methods: Four electronic databases PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Science and SCOPUS were searched to identify studies that reported on the statistical association between shift work and mental health and that used population-based samples. Two reviewers...
Long working hours and depressive symptoms: moderating effects of gender, socioeconomic status, and job resources
Purpose Systematic reviews and meta-analyses have found inconsistent associations between working hours and depressive symptoms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible moderators of this association, using data from a large-scale cross-sectional survey. Methods A total of 16,136 Japanese employees (men 83.5%; women 16.5%) responded to a self-administered questionnaire inquiring about overtime working hours during the previous month and depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale), as well as moderating factors including gender, age, marital status,...
Job satisfaction and mental health of temporary agency workers in Europe: a systematic review and research agenda
The current systematic literature review aimed to analyse the associations between temporary agency work (TAW), job satisfaction, and mental health in Europe, as well as to outline a future research agenda. Twenty-eight scientific articles were identified by searching different data bases (i.e. PSYNDEX, PsycINFO, PubMed, and Web of Science) for the time span from January 2000 to December 2016. Our review reveals first that TAW is not consistently negatively related to job satisfaction. However, job insecurity and working conditions are important mediators in the relation of TAW and lowered job...
Organisation et contraintes du temps de travail : une typologie en six catégories
En 2016, un peu moins de la moitié des salariés du secteur privé et des agents du secteur public ont des semaines de travail dites « standard ». Ce type de semaine est travaillé du lundi au vendredi selon des journées essentiellement « standard » (entre 7h et 20h) et rarement le week-end. Il concerne en grande partie les professions intermédiaires et les cadres et professions intellectuelles supérieures. Au sein de la fonction publique, ce type de semaine est plus courant parmi les fonctionnaires que parmi les contractuels...
Revue systématique sur les effets du télétravail chez les gestionnaires
Le télétravail représente une option envisageable pour diminuer la surcharge de travail des cadres du réseau de la santé et des services sociaux québécois. Cet arrangement de travail permettrait de se centrer sur des tâches exigeant un plus haut degré de concentration, tout en demeurant disponible pour les équipes de travail. La présente évaluation des technologies et des modes d'intervention (ETMI) a pour but d'identifier les effets du télétravail pour les cadres et de statuer si cette pratique...
Night work and risk of common mental disorders
Analyzing observational data as a non-randomized pseudo trial Finnish night workers had higher odds of developing common mental disorders (CMD) compared with day workers and they showed higher recovery rates from CMD when moving back to day work. Awareness should therefore be raised promoting the importance of good sleep hygiene. However, workplace policies should take into account the degree of individual resilience to adverse health effects of night work. Source: Beltagy, M. S., Pentti, J., Vahtera, J. et Kivimäki, M. (2018). Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health . http...
Implications of work effort and discretion for employee well-being and career-related outcomes
An integrative assessment How does work effort affect employee outcomes? The authors bridge distinct literatures on the well-being versus career-related implications of work effort by analyzing the relation of overtime work and work intensity to both types of outcomes. They also extend examination of the role of discretion in modifying the effects of work effort from well-being to career-related outcomes. Using data from the fifth and sixth European Working Conditions Surveys, the authors show that greater work effort relates strongly to reduced well-being and modestly to inferior career-related...
Long working hours and depressive symptoms
Systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies and unpublished individual participant data Objectives: This systematic review and meta-analysis combined published study-level data and unpublished individual-participant data with the aim of quantifying the relation between long working hours and the onset of depressive symptoms. Methods: We searched PubMed and Embase for published prospective cohort studies and included available cohorts with unpublished individual-participant data. We used a random-effects meta-analysis to calculate summary estimates across studies. Results: We identified...
Fly-in/fly-out et santé psychologique au travail dans les mines
Une recension des écrits La fatigue, associée aux longues heures de travail, aux courtes périodes de récupération entre les quarts de travail et à la qualité des installations d'hébergement, est considérée comme un des principaux enjeux en matière de santé et de sécurité au travail par les travailleurs miniers FIFO. Dans une étude, 70 % des travailleurs miniers FIFO interrogés déclarent vivre des troubles de sommeil. Selon une autre étude, 45 % des travailleurs miniers...
Dimensions sociales et psychologiques associées aux activités minières et impacts sur la qualité de vie
L'intérêt de l'industrie et du gouvernement pour la mise en valeur des ressources minérales du territoire québécois, particulièrement sur le territoire visé par le Plan Nord, convie les acteurs de la santé publique à étudier les activités qui y sont associées et leurs répercussions sanitaires. Afin de répondre au besoin du réseau de la santé publique de mieux comprendre les répercussions sanitaires associées aux activités minières, une revue de littérature...
Night shift and rotating shift in association with sleep problems, burnout and minor mental disorder in male and female employees
Objectives: Shift work is associated with adverse physical and psychological health outcomes. However, the independent health effects of night work and rotating shift on workers' sleep and mental health risks and the potential gender differences have not been fully evaluated. Methods: We used data from a nationwide survey of representative employees of Taiwan in 2013, consisting of 16 440 employees. Participants reported their work shift patterns 1 week prior to the survey, which were classified into the four following shift types: fixed day, rotating day, fixed night and rotating night shifts...
Working hours and the onset of depressive disorder
A systematic review and meta-analysis This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine whether working beyond the standard working hours was associated with a greater risk of depressive disorder among workers included in published prospective studies. This manuscript was prepared according to the PRISMA guideline checklist. A database search was conducted using MEDLINE (PubMed), PsycINFO, and PsycARTICLES using a relevant set of keywords. The eligibility criteria were as follows: (1) participants were adult workers; (2) exposure was defined as overtime work; (3) outcome were depressive...
Étude des perceptions de l'environnement de travail au cours du poste chez des travailleurs postés
Pour mieux comprendre les effets du travail en horaires postés, nous avons étudié les variations des perceptions de l'environnement de travail selon le poste travaillé et la phase du poste. Le questionnaire construit, en référence au Job Content Questionnaire, mesure les perceptions de demandes, contrôle et soutien social et deux dimensions supplémentaires : les ressources techniques et humaines et les interférences travail-hors travail. Il a été renseigné à trois reprises (une heure après le début...
Joint association of sleep problems and psychosocial working conditions with registered long-term sickness absence
A Danish cohort study Objectives: Sleep problems and adverse psychosocial working conditions are associated with increased risk of long-term sickness absence. Because sleep problems affect role functioning they may also exacerbate any effects of psychosocial working conditions and vice versa. We examined whether sleep problems and psychosocial working conditions interact in their associations with long-term sickness absence. Methods: We linked questionnaire data from participants to two surveys of random samples of the Danish working population (N=10 752) with registries on long-term sick leave...
Characteristics of shift work and their impact on employee performance and wellbeing
A literature review Objectives: To identify the characteristics of shift work that have an effect on employee's performance (including job performance, productivity, safety, quality of care delivered, errors, adverse events and client satisfaction) and wellbeing (including burnout, job satisfaction, absenteeism, intention to leave the job) in all sectors including healthcare. Review methods: The search was conducted between January and March 2015. Studies were drawn from all occupational sectors (i.e. health and non health), meeting the inclusion criteria: involved participants aged ≥18...
Long working hours and use of psychotropic medicine
A follow-up study with register linkage Objective: This study aimed to investigate the possibility of a prospective association between long working hours and use of psychotropic medicine. Methods: Survey data drawn from random samples of the general working population of Denmark in the time period 1995–2010 were linked to national registers covering all inhabitants. The participants were followed for first occurrence of redeemed prescriptions for psychotropic medicine. The primary analysis included 25 959 observations (19 259 persons) and yielded a total of 2914 new cases of psychotropic...
Effects of Psychological and Social Factors in Shiftwork on Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression in Nurses
A 1-Year Follow-Up Objectives: The aim of the current study was to elucidate prospective effects of both shift schedules and work environment on mental distress. Methods: A total of 2059 nurses participated at baseline (38.1%), and 1582 nurses completed wave 2 of the survey (76.8%). Psychosocial work factors were measured by the General Nordic Questionnaire for Psychological and Social factors at work and the Swedish Demand–Control–Support Questionnaire. Mental distress was measured by Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results: Shiftwork was not associated with “caseness”...
Shift work and mental health sickness absence
A 10-year observational cohort study among male production workers Objectives: Epidemiological studies investigating mental-health-related sickness absence (SA) among shift workers are lacking. This 10-year observational study investigated the risk of mental health SA among shift compared with day workers. Methods: The data of 5826 male production workers were used for analyses: 4288 (74%) shift and 1538 (26%) day workers. The risk of mental health SA was analyzed with Cox regression analysis. Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were adjusted for age and occupational grade...
Présentéisme
Une autre face de l'épuisement professionnel Dépasser ses horaires en permanence, travailler le soir et le week-end, ne pas prendre ses congés, venir au travail même malade… autant de signes du présentéisme. La présence excessive au travail est un symptôme de dysfonctionnements qu'il faut apprendre à décrypter. Source : Travail & changement , No. 353, Mars-avril 2014 http://www.anact.fr/portal/pls/portal/docs/1/14900380.PDF
Correlates of negative physical health in call center shift workers
The call center industry, a burgeoning sector is characterized by unique job demands, which render it susceptible to high attrition rates and negative health concerns. This study examined the relationship between job stress from interpersonal factors, job stress from work factors, coping, inadequate sleep, and negative physical health reports among call center shift workers (n = 239), a relatively under-researched population. Inadequate sleep and job stress from interpersonal factors were associated with negative physical health outcome for the participants in this study. Further, spending longer...
Télétravail à domicile : risques psychosociaux
La CARSAT Nord-Picardie publie un guide pratique sur les risques professionnels spécifiquement rencontrés par les télétravailleurs à domicile et les solutions à apporter. Dans une première partie, les obligations réglementaires liées au télétravail à domicile sont rappelées : le volontariat, l’obligation pour l’employeur de prendre en charge tous les coûts découlant de l’exercice du télétravail, la nécessité de définir des plages horaires....
Systematic review on the association between employee worktime control and work–non-work balance, health and well-being, and job-related outcomes
Objectives The aim of this review was to assess systematically the empirical evidence for associations between employee worktime control (WTC) and work–non-work balance, health/well-being, and job-related outcomes (eg, job satisfaction, job performance). Method A systematic search of empirical studies published between 1995–2011 resulted in 63 relevant papers from 53 studies. Five different categories of WTC measurements were distinguished (global WTC, multidimensional WTC, flextime, leave control, and “other subdimensions of WTC”). For each WTC category, we examined the...
Mental Health Conditions, Individual and Job Characteristics and Sleep Disturbances among Firefighters
This study aimed to assess the associations between mental health conditions, individual and job characteristics and sleep disturbances among firefighters. Of 303 participants, 51.2% reported sleep disturbances. Psychological distress and psychosomatic disturbances were significantly associated with sleep disturbances. Suicidal ideation, unhealthy alcohol use and time as a firefighter were also associated with sleep disturbances but at a borderline level of significance (0.05 < p < .085). These findings may be related to the psychological and physical hazards of firefighting and indicate...
Overtime Work as a Predictor of Major Depressive Episode
A 5-Year Follow-Up of the Whitehall II Study Background The association between overtime work and depression is still unclear. This study examined the association between overtime work and the onset of a major depressive episode (MDE). Methodology/Principal Findings Prospective cohort study with a baseline examination of working hours, psychological morbidity (an indicator of baseline depression) and depression risk factors in 1991–1993 and a follow-up of major depressive episode in 1997–1999 (mean follow-up 5.8 years) among British civil servants (the Whitehall II study; 1626 men,...
With long hours of work, might depression then lurk?
Objective The aim of this study was to examine depression as a potential health effect of long work hours, anticipating an exposure–response relationship. Method A nationwide prospective cohort study of 2790 Danish senior medical consultants was conducted (61.7% response rate). With the consent of the Danish Data Protection Agency, data from a questionnaire survey was linked with data from the Medical Products Agency. Long work hours were defined based on a self-reported average of weekly work hours >40, while redemption of anti-depressive (AD) drug prescriptions defined depression. Proportional...
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