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Rapport IGAS : interactions entre santé et travail
Comment mieux articuler santé au travail, santé publique et santé environnementale ? C'est la question abordée dans un récent rapport de l'Inspection générale des affaires sociales (IGAS). À partir de 4 exemples concrets, les maladies cardiovasculaires, la polyarthrite rhumatoïde, les addictions et les nanoparticules, 4 axes d'amélioration ont été identifiés : mieux appréhender l'impact des conditions de travail sur la santé, être attentif à l'évolution...
Pike River Coal Mine : Guidelines for company directors on their health and safety responsibilities
An important resource for company directors, and part of the Ministry’s work to implement recommendations from the Royal Commission on the Pike River Coal Mine Tragedy, is now available. The Good Governance Practices Guideline for Managing Health and Safety Risks was developed jointly by the Ministry and the Institute of Directors with input from employer and employee groups. The guideline gives practical advice to company directors on managing health and safety risk and influencing performance in this critical area in their organisations. It is an essential resource for directors providing...
Contributions of ergonomics to the construction of bus drivers health and excellence in public transport and at work
This article is the product of research that analyzed the work of bus drivers of a public transportation company that is considered a benchmark reference in its field of operations, in which it strives to achieve operating excellence. Within this context, the authors sought to understand how such a company has managed to maintain a policy that is capable of reconciling quality public transport while also providing working conditions compatible with the professional development, comfort and health of its workers. Ergonomic work analysis and activity analysis were the guiding elements used in this...
Working to rule, or working safely? Part 1: A state of the art review
The paper reviews the literature from 1986 on the management of those safety rules and procedures which relate to the workplace level in organisations. It contrasts two different paradigms of how rules and their development and use are perceived and managed. The first is a top-down classical, rational approach in which rules are seen as static, comprehensive limits of freedom of choice, imposed on operators at the sharp end and violations are seen as negative behaviour to be suppressed. The second is a bottom-up constructivist view of rules as dynamic, local, situated constructions of operators...
Working to rule or working safely? Part 2: The management of safety rules and procedures
Part 1, the companion paper to this paper (Hale and Borys, this issue) reviews the literature from 1986 on the management of those safety rules and procedures which relate to the workplace level in organisations. It contrasts two different paradigms of how work rules and their development and use are perceived and managed. The first is a top-down classical, rational approach in which rules are seen as static, comprehensive limits of freedom of choice, imposed on operators at the sharp end and violations are seen as negative behaviour to be suppressed. The second is a bottom-up constructivist view...
Nouvelle norme volontaire sur la santé et la sécurité psychologiques en milieu de travail
La norme très attendue CAN/CSA-Z1003-13/BNQ 9700-803/2013 - Santé et sécurité psychologiques en milieu de travail est maintenant disponible. Soutenue par la Commission de la santé mentale du Canada et élaborée dans le cadre d’une collaboration entre le Bureau de Normalisation du Québec (BNQ) et Groupe CSA (CSA), cette nouvelle norme volontaire peut être téléchargé sans frais à la suite d'une brève inscription. Source : http://shop.csa.ca/fr/canada/occupational-health-and-safety-management...
Working and ageing : the benefits of investing in an ageing workforce
Slowly but steadily, the attitude towards population ageing is changing in Europe. Early reports had described it as a demographic time bomb with negative consequences for economies and societies. But these changes are increasingly seen as harbingers of opportunity and the emerging ‘silver economy’ as a driver of future growth. This publication, which marks the European Year 2012 for active ageing and solidarity between generations, contributes to the debate by providing new insights that are based on the latest research and best practices in Europe and the Member States. The evidence...
New Zealand mining disaster: Sweeping away of old laws left industry "in limbo"
New laws to improve worker participation in health and safety matters and toughen up directors' duties should be given early attention, according to an official report into the Pike River mining tragedy in New Zealand two years ago. The Pike River coal mine, which lies on the west coast of the South Island, exploded on 19 November 2010, due to the ignition of a large volume of methane gas. Twenty-nine men underground died immediately, or soon afterwards, either from the blast or from the toxic atmosphere. Over the next nine days the mine exploded three more times before it was sealed. The Royal...
L'EU-OSHA soutient l'Année européenne du vieillissement actif
L'Agence européenne pour la sécurité et la santé au travail (EU-OSHA) a joué un rôle actif dans l'Année européenne du vieillissement actif et de la solidarité intergénérationnelle 2012 en publiant des informations expliquant comment aider les employés à rester en forme afin de conserver une activité professionnelle plus longtemps. Allongement de l'espérance de vie, baisse de la natalité, l'Union européenne fait face à d'importants bouleversements démographiques...
A Comprehensive Approach to Workforce Health
The health of the U.S. workforce is an issue of importance to both workers and their employers. There is a wealth of evidence on occupational safety and health hazards that may potentially affect workers' health. In addition to these hazards, personal characteristics and conditions, such as age, gender, genetics, or weight, can impact a person's work and interact with workplace hazards. Individual characteristics and conditions may change the way workers respond to hazards which they may be exposed to on the job. In addition, employers face burgeoning costs of workforce healthcare which...
Le Groupe Adecco publie un livre blanc sur la diversité des âges dans l’emploi
A l'occasion de l'année européenne du vieillissement actif en 2012, le Groupe Adecco publie un livre blanc intitulé "Il est temps de valoriser la diversité des âges", ouvrage qui traite de la gestion des âges tant dans les politiques européennes que dans les organisations publiques ou privées. Rendu public à l'occasion du Forum Européen de l'emploi les 22 et 23 novembre 2011 à Bruxelles, le livre blanc du Groupe Adecco précise les enjeux et les perspectives du marché de l'emploi...
High reliability organisations - A review of the literature
A number of major hazard organisations have been attempting to influence the organisational and safety culture at their sites to transform them into a high reliability organisation (ie organisations that are able to manage and sustain almost error-free performance despite operating in hazardous conditions where the consequences of errors could be catastrophic) with a positive safety culture. In recent years there has been a huge increase in the literature talking about the control of major hazard risks, in particular the philosophies of high reliability organisations, resilience management and...
Suivre les évolutions du travail et de la santé : EVREST, un dispositif commun pour des usages diversifiés
Le dispositif Evrest (ÉVolutions et RElations en Santé au Travail) est un observatoire pluriannuel par questionnaire, construit en collaboration par des médecins du travail et des chercheurs, pour pouvoir analyser et suivre différents aspects du travail et de la santé de salariés. Le recueil des données s'appuie sur un questionnaire très court, qui tient sur un recto-verso, rempli lors des consultations (voir questionnaire en annexe). Ce questionnaire a été pensé pour être proche de la conduite habituelle de...
L'observatoire EVREST, une démarche de mise en place d'indicateurs collectifs en santé au travail
L'observatoire EVREST (Évolution et relations en santé au travail) a été construit par des médecins du travail et des chercheurs pour évaluer globalement, dans la pratique quotidienne, les problèmes de santé des salariés en lien avec leur travail. Ce dispositif, à visée longitudinale, est basé sur un questionnaire court, complété avec le salarié au moment des entretiens périodiques de santé au travail. C'est dans la combinaison avec l'approche clinique des médecins...

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