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Has the Economic Crisis Worsened the Work-Related Stress and Mental Health of Temporary Workers in Spain?
This paper analyses the causal effects of temporary employment on work-related stress and mental health before (2006/07) and during the economic crisis (2011/12) and examines whether the economic recession worsened these two health outcomes. To control for selection bias, propensity scores (PS) are computed separately for men and women using microdata from two cross-sectional surveys, considering temporary (treatment group) versus permanent employment (control group). Next, we use difference-in-differences estimators stratifying by age, education level, and regional unemployment differences using...
Whistle While You Work
Job Insecurity and Older Workers' Mental Health in the United States We estimate the effects of job insecurity on older workers' health outcomes using an instrumental variables approach which exploits downsizing and state-industry level changes in employment. We provide evidence that job insecurity, as measured by the self-reported probability of job loss, increases stress at work, the risk of clinical depression and lowers selfreported health status. IV estimates are much larger than OLS estimates which we interpret as evidence that job insecurity which is outside the control of workers...
Insécurité du travail, changements organisationnels et participation des salariés
Quel impact sur le risque dépressif? L’insécurité socio-économique au travail est l’un des principaux facteurs psychosociaux de risque pour la santé mentale. Il est établi que la crainte de perdre son emploi ou de connaître une dégradation de ses conditions de travail est associée à une santé mentale dégradée, mais peu d’études permettent de tester le sens de la causalité. Cet article se propose dans un premier temps d'examiner l’endogénéité éventuelle...
Work orientations, well-being and job content of self-employed and employed professionals
Drawing on psychology-derived theories and methods, a questionnaire survey compared principal kinds of work orientation, job content and mental well-being between self-employed and organisationally employed professional workers. Self-employment was found to be particularly associated with energised well-being in the form of job engagement. The presence in self-employment of greater challenge, such as an enhanced requirement for personal innovation, accounted statistically for self-employed professionals' greater job engagement, and self-employed professionals more strongly valued personal challenge...
Journaliste, un métier en voie de précarisation
La crise que traverse les médias traditionnels semble interminable. Il n'y a pas que les comptes de résultat des groupes de presse qui font peine à voir. Les professionnels de l'information sont également durement touchés. Réalisé en collaboration avec la Fédération européenne des journalistes (FEJ), le dernier numéro de HesaMag, le magazine de l'Institut syndical européen (ETUI), dresse un bilan de santé des journalistes en Europe. Source: http://www.etui.org/fr/Themes/Sante-et-securite/HesaMag...
Loss of permanent employment and its association with suicidal ideation
A cohort study in South Korea This is the first study to show the relationship between loss of permanent employment and suicidal behaviors. We observed changes from permanent to precarious employment increased the risk of suicidal ideation, after adjusting for potential confounders including lifetime suicidal ideation at baseline. This association was more apparent when restricted analysis to workers without lifetime suicidal ideation at Baseline. Source: Yoon, S., Kim, J. Y., Park, J., & Kim, S. S. (2017). Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health . http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh...
Employees’ drug purchases before and after organizational downsizing
A natural experiment on the Norwegian working population (2004–2012) Private sector employees in Norway exposed to major organizational downsizing during the period 2004–2012 had elevated odds of purchasing antidepressants, hypnotics/sedatives, anxiolytics, antipsychotics, insulins, cardiovascular- and thyroid drugs around the time of downsizing, compared to the situation three years earlier. We suggest a strengthening of preventive health initiatives and systematic involvement from occupational health services in downsizing processes. Source: Kaspersen, S. L., Pape, K., Carlsen, F...
Labour casualization and the psychosocial health of workers in Australia
This article presents the results of a qualitative study of 72 workers in regional Victoria, Australia. Against the background of the growing casualization of the workforce it demonstrates the impact on the health and well-being of these workers, focusing on the intersection between psychosocial working conditions and health. In particular it focuses on the detrimental impact on workers' sense of self-efficacy and self-esteem. It emphasizes how the job insecurity characteristic of non-standard work extends beyond the fear of job loss to involve uncertainty over the scheduling of work, with...
Association of Psychosocial Work Hazards With Depression and Suboptimal Health in Executive Employees
Objectives: This study aims to investigate whether psychosocial work-related hazards, measured by workplace justice and employment insecurity, are associated with depression and suboptimal health status in Taiwan's executive-level employees. Methods: There were 365 executives who have received a series of cardiovascular health examinations, blood sampling, and self-reported questionnaires, which included the psychosocial work-related hazards and the CES-D scale. Suboptimal health status was defined as the presence of dyslipidemia or prediabetes. Results: Executive-level employees perceived...
Stress in Nonregular Work Arrangements
A Longitudinal Study of Task- and Employment-Related Aspects of Stress In nonregular forms of employment, such as fixed-term or temporary agency work, 2 sources of stress must be distinguished: task-related stress components (e.g., time pressure) and employment-related stress components (e.g., effort to maintain employment). The present study investigated the relationship between task- and employment-related demands and resources and indicators of strain, well-being, work engagement, and self-rated performance in a sample of nonregular employed workers. Using a 2-wave longitudinal design, the results...
Precarious employment and new-onset severe depressive symptoms
A population-based prospective study in South Korea Objectives: Considering the effect of sex and head of household responsibilities, this study was designed to evaluate whether precarious employment is associated with the development of new-onset severe depressive symptoms. Methods: We followed 1699 male and 1066 female waged workers, ≤59 years of age and without moderate depressive symptom, from the Korean Welfare Panel Study 2007–2013. Their employment status was classified as full-time permanent, precarious, self-employed, or unemployed after baseline. Except for occupation and company...
Precarious employment and the risk of serious psychological distress
A population-based cohort study in Japan Objectives: This study examines whether precarious employment increases the risk of serious psychological distress (SPD) in a nationally representative cohort of Japanese middle-aged people. Methods: From 2005–2009, we followed 8486 male and 6736 female participants (aged 50–59 years) in the Longitudinal Survey of Middle-aged and Elderly Persons. All individuals were employed and free of SPD, cardiovascular disease, and cancer at baseline. The participants were classified into two groups based on their baseline employment contract: precarious...
Rethinking workplace bullying as an employment relations problem
Over the past three decades, a growing body of international literature points to a relationship between workplace bullying and certain changes to organizational and employment policies. Some of these changes include an increase in precarious employment, greater workloads, restructuring and downsizing, and the reduction in third-party intervention in workplace relations. However, while governments and many organizations have introduced policies in response to workplace bullying, there is little evidence that they have been successful in either the prevention or resolution of the problem. This article...
USA: Work in a depression is depressing
Watching people lose their jobs all around you will make you sick, even if you hold onto your own job, new research has found. Researchers from the University of Michigan examined the impact of the 'Great Recession' on a group of 440 over-25 workers in south Michigan in 2009-10. They found perceived job insecurity 'was associated with significantly higher odds of reporting fair or poor self-rated health at the time of interview, symptoms over the past 2 weeks suggesting major or minor depression, and an anxiety attack in the past 4 weeks, even after adjustment for workers' socio...
Workplace bullying a risk for permanent employees
Objective: We tested the hypothesis that the risk of experiencing workplace bullying was greater for those employed on casual contracts compared to permanent or ongoing employees. Methods: A cross-sectional population-based telephone survey was conducted in South Australia in 2009. Employment arrangements were classified by self-report into four categories: permanent, casual, fixed-term and self-employed. Self-report of workplace bullying was modelled using multiple logistic regression in relation to employment arrangement, controlling for sex, age, working hours, years in job, occupational skill...
Work-related injury and ill-health among mountain instructors in the UK
In most industrialised countries, work-related injury and ill-health presents a major burden to society. Musculoskeletal disorders and stress are the most common reported illness types with those working in some industries more at risk than others. This study aimed to understand the occupational health issues of those working as mountain instructors in the outdoor sector within the UK and to identify the cultural norms and behaviours among this unique occupational group which influence health. Semi-structured, telephone interviews were conducted with 20 qualified mountaineers to gain information...
Association between change in employment status and new-onset depressive symptoms in South Korea
A gender analysis Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the association of change in employment status with new-onset depressive symptoms, particularly differences stemming from workers' gender, in South Korea. Methods: We analyzed data from the ongoing Korean Welfare Panel Study. After excluding participants who had depressive symptoms at baseline (2007), we analyzed 2891 participants who became a precarious or permanent worker or unemployed at follow-up (2008) among waged workers who were permanent or precarious workers at baseline. Workers were classified as permanent workers if they...
Une étude Inserm sur le stress au travail des indépendants
Ces dernières années, la connaissance sur les phénomènes de stress au travail concernant les salariés a progressé. Mais qu'en est-il des indépendants, regroupant travailleurs isolés ou chefs de petites entreprises, professions intellectuelles ou manuelles ? L'Inserm dévoile le rapport d'un groupe d'experts. Le régime social des indépendants (RSI), qui assure la couverture maladie et de retraite des artisans et des commerçants, des professions libérales et des chefs d’entreprise indépendants...
Investing in well being at work
Addressing psychosocial risks in times of change As part of the EU's employment and social solidarity programme, PROGRESS, this publication “Investing in well-being at work” looks at the psychosocial risks in time of change. There is a growing body of evidence of the potential negative effects that restructuring has on the health of workers and their families. Uncertainty and job insecurity also represent an important link between restructuring programmes and effects on employees' health (depression, absenteeism, difficulty sleeping ...). This leaflet highlights some of the...
Emploi atypique et troubles dépressifs en France
Objectifs - Décrire les liens entre emploi atypique et troubles dépressifs en France à partir des données de l'Enquête décennale santé 2003. Méthode - Les données étudiées concernent 11 895 actifs au travail. Les symptômes dépressifs ont été mesurés par l'échelle CES-D. L'emploi atypique a été décrit par le statut d'emploi (contrat à durée limitée ou indéterminée, à son compte) et par l'expérience...
Temp work strains employee mental health
Workers hired for temporary, contract, casual or fixed-term positions are at risk for increased mental health problems, according to research presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association. "Temporary workers -- those lacking long-term, stable employment -- seem to be susceptible to declining mental health for as long as they continue to work in these so-called 'disposable' or 'second class' jobs," said Amélie Quesnel-Vallée, a medical sociologist at McGill University and the study's primary investigator. "This research...
La précarisation augmente fortement le risque de suicide
Les conditions de travail et d'emploi jouent un rôle important dans les inégalités sociales de santé. Parmi les conditions d'emploi, la précarité a des effets destructeurs multiples sur les personnes. Elle les soumet généralement aux conditions de travail les plus nocives. Elle contribue également à une déstabilisation de tout projet de vie à moyen ou long terme. Une recherche française récente constate un lien très fort entre la précarité et le suicide. http://hesa.etui...
Work, Jobs And Well-Being Across the Millennium
Nous faisons appel à trois vagues de données de l’ISSP (1989, 1997 et 2005) afin de mesurer l’évolution de la qualité de l’emploi. En premier lieu nous soulignons que le chômage demeure l’une des causes les plus importantes des faibles niveaux de bien-être. Ensuite, l’importance relative accordée par les individus aux divers aspects du travail est restée plutôt stable dans le temps, bien qu’on note une certaine tendance à accorder plus de poids aux domaines les plus « sociaux » : les...
Stress, surmenage, la mort en silence de milliers de travailleurs japonais
Stressés ou surmenés, des milliers de salariés japonais meurent chaque année à cause de leur travail, un fléau auquel l'archipel s'attaque timidement mais qui pourrait s'aggraver avec la crise. Pour en savoir plus
Wellbeing and work: Future challenges
The aim of the Project is to advise the Government and the private sector on how to achieve the best possible mental development and mental wellbeing for everyone in the UK in the future. http://www.foresight.gov.uk/Mental Capital/Wellbeing_and_work.pdf
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