Parcourir par tags

Tous les tags » Précarité (RSS)
Distinct types of OHS vulnerability seen in young, temporary, small business employees
Young workers, temporary workers and small business employees are often called vulnerable workers, but a new study from the Institute for Work & Health (IWH) has found that they are not all vulnerable to work injury and illness in the same ways. The study used a new occupational health and safety (OHS) vulnerability questionnaire developed by the Institute. The 27-item measure asks respondents about their exposure to workplace hazards and the presence of three types of protection: (1) workplace policies and procedures; (2) worker awareness of OHS hazards, rights and responsibilities; and (3...
Les changements de conditions de travail au fil des vies professionnelles
Plus fréquents, moins favorables Analyser comment les changements de conditions de travail s’inscrivent dans les itinéraires professionnels, tel est l’objet de cette exploitation de l’enquête Santé et itinéraires professionnels (SIP). L’observation issue de l’enquête permet de construire une typologie en six classes, décrivant les configurations principales de changement des conditions de travail. L’analyse sur quatre décennies fait apparaître une accélération continue des changements,...
Addressing the Hazards of Temporary Employment
Factors such as fluctuations in the economy, changing social habits and access to technology have boosted a rapid growth in temporary work arrangements. Under many names– temporary workers, contingent workers, contract workers, long-term temps, workers in dual employer situations, on-demand freelance–these workers seem to be ubiquitous in most industrial sectors. These arrangements are impacting work organization, career paths, and health and safety. According to various reports, there were an estimated 17 million workers engaged in some type of temporary employment in the United States...
Overlapping Vulnerabilities
The Occupational Health and Safety of Young Immigrant Workers in Small Construction Firms The American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) are the initiators of an intervention effort to reach workers experiencing overlapping occupational safety and health (OSH) vulnerabilities in small construction businesses. This report focuses on three populations that research indicates are at increased risk for adverse work-related health outcomes—Hispanic immigrants (individuals born in Latin America who currently live in the United...
Precarious employment and new-onset severe depressive symptoms
A population-based prospective study in South Korea Objectives: Considering the effect of sex and head of household responsibilities, this study was designed to evaluate whether precarious employment is associated with the development of new-onset severe depressive symptoms. Methods: We followed 1699 male and 1066 female waged workers, ≤59 years of age and without moderate depressive symptom, from the Korean Welfare Panel Study 2007–2013. Their employment status was classified as full-time permanent, precarious, self-employed, or unemployed after baseline. Except for occupation and company...
Does job insecurity deteriorate health?
A causal approach for Europe This paper estimates the causal effect of perceived job insecurity – i.e. the fear of involuntary job loss – on health in a sample of men from 22 European countries. We rely on an original instrumental variable approach based on the idea that workers perceive greater job security in countries where employment is strongly protected by the law, and relatively more so if employed in industries where employment protection legislation is more binding, i.e. in industries with a higher natural rate of dismissals. Using cross-country data from the 2010 European...
Travail indépendant
Santé et conditions de travail Ce document rassemble quatorze contributions présentées lors d'un colloque international intitulé « Travail indépendant : santé et conditions de travail » qui s'est tenu le 18 septembre 2013 à Paris. Cette manifestation s'inscrivait dans la suite de recherches récentes renouvelant l'approche du travail indépendant par l'ouverture à de nouvelles questions. L'exploration plus systématique des conditions de l'exercice professionnel de ces travailleurs...
Precarious employment and the risk of serious psychological distress
A population-based cohort study in Japan Objectives: This study examines whether precarious employment increases the risk of serious psychological distress (SPD) in a nationally representative cohort of Japanese middle-aged people. Methods: From 2005–2009, we followed 8486 male and 6736 female participants (aged 50–59 years) in the Longitudinal Survey of Middle-aged and Elderly Persons. All individuals were employed and free of SPD, cardiovascular disease, and cancer at baseline. The participants were classified into two groups based on their baseline employment contract: precarious...
Contingent workers
Workers' compensation data analysis strategies and limitations The growth of the contingent workforce presents many challenges in the occupational safety and health arena. State and federal laws impose obligations and rights on employees and employers, but contingent work raises issues regarding responsibilities to maintain a safe workplace and difficulties in collecting and reporting data on injuries and illnesses. Contingent work may involve uncertainty about the length of employment, control over the labor process, degree of regulatory, or statutory protections, and access to benefits under...
Travailleurs immigrants et santé et sécurité du travail
Ce numéro Travailleurs immigrants et santé et sécurité du travail (SST) veut apporter un modeste éclairage sur le cumul des précarités liées aux conditions de SST au travail, au statut migratoire, aux liens fragiles d'emploi, à la faiblesse des revenus, à la non-reconnaissance des compétences et à l'incapacité d'exercer ses droits. Les travaux de SST ici regroupés s'intéressent aux travailleurs ayant divers profils : des résidents permanents embauchés par les petites...
Observatoire sociétal des cancers
Rapport 2013 La Ligue contre le cancer a publié le 3ème rapport de l'Observatoire sociétal des cancers, s'appuyant sur des études inédites pour comprendre les réalités de cette maladie. Si les conséquences économiques du cancer pour les personnes malades et leur entourage sont connues, cette nouvelle édition met aussi en avant l'impact de la maladie sur le parcours professionnel : 1 personne sur 3 perd ou quitte son emploi dans les 2 ans après le diagnostic. Que vivent les malades dans cette situation ? Qu'en...
Young people and temporary employment in Europe
Since the onset of the economic and financial crisis in 2008, the number of young people in employment across the European Union has declined considerably. By mid-2013, the unemployment rate among people aged 24 and under had increased to over 23%. A large number of workers in this age group are employed on temporary rather than permanent contracts (42% compared to just 10% of workers aged 25–64). While temporary or fixed-term contracts can be a stepping stone in the transition from education into work, they can also trap young people in insecure jobs. Source : http://www.eurofound.europa...
Work in multiple jobs and the risk of injury in the U.S. working population
Objectives: We compared the risk of injury for multiple job holders (MJHs) with that for single job holders (SJHs). Methods. We used information from the National Health Interview Survey for the years 1997 through 2011 to estimate the rate of multiple job holding in the United States and compared characteristics and rates of self-reported injury (work and nonwork) for SJHs versus MJHs. Results: Approximately 8.4% of those employed reported working more than 1 job in the week before the interview. The rate of work and nonwork injury episodes per 100 employed workers was higher for MJHs than for...
Rethinking workplace bullying as an employment relations problem
Over the past three decades, a growing body of international literature points to a relationship between workplace bullying and certain changes to organizational and employment policies. Some of these changes include an increase in precarious employment, greater workloads, restructuring and downsizing, and the reduction in third-party intervention in workplace relations. However, while governments and many organizations have introduced policies in response to workplace bullying, there is little evidence that they have been successful in either the prevention or resolution of the problem. This article...
USA: Work in a depression is depressing
Watching people lose their jobs all around you will make you sick, even if you hold onto your own job, new research has found. Researchers from the University of Michigan examined the impact of the 'Great Recession' on a group of 440 over-25 workers in south Michigan in 2009-10. They found perceived job insecurity 'was associated with significantly higher odds of reporting fair or poor self-rated health at the time of interview, symptoms over the past 2 weeks suggesting major or minor depression, and an anxiety attack in the past 4 weeks, even after adjustment for workers' socio...
Qualité du travail et de l’emploi en Belgique, Enquête européenne sur les conditions de travail - 2012
Analyse des résultats belges de l'enquête européenne sur les conditions de travail (Eurofound, EWCS 2010). Un consortium de chercheurs belges a été contacté pour élaborer un rapport ciblé particulièrement sur la qualité du travail et de l’emploi en Belgique, sur la base des informations recueillies par le biais de l’EECT belge en 2010 sur 4000 travailleurs. Une convention a été signée entre la Belgique et Eurofound (Fondation européenne pour l'amélioration des conditions de...
Job strain linked to circulatory disease in women
A major US study has linked high strain, active jobs to a significantly higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in female health professionals. The study examined the relationship between job strain and job insecurity and rates of CVD among the 22,086 participants in the Women's Health Study (WHS). The authors, writing in the online journal PLoS ONE, note: 'This 10 year prospective study of female health professionals revealed that women with active jobs (high demand, high control) and high strain (high demand, low control) were 38 per cent more likely to experience a first CVD event...
Les conditions de travail dans la sous-traitance
Dossier spécial dans Travail & changement , No 343, Mai / Juin 2012 Poser le périmètre. Questionner les acteurs. Expérimenter les règles sociale. L'Anact propose un angle peu exploré, quid des conditions de travail dans la sous-traitance ? Source : http://www.anact.fr/portal/pls/portal/docs/1/10770379.PDF
The association between nonstandard work and occupational injury in Korea
BACKGROUND: The number of workers who died due to occupational injury in Korea as of 2007 was 1,383. The aim of this study was to identify whether there were any differences in the risk of occupational injury between nonstandard workers (temporary workers and/or subcontract workers) and regular workers. METHODS: 1,576 injured workers, selected from National Health Insurance and National Workers' Compensation Insurance, were interviewed via telephone survey using standardized questionnaires in 2007. The control group was 1,500 workers matched for age, gender, and severity of injury. A multivariate...
Les transformations des parcours d’emploi et de travail au fil des générations
Lorsqu'on les interroge sur leur passé professionnel, les générations les plus récentes retracent des parcours moins stables que les plus anciennes. En 2006, l'expérience du chômage concernait près d'un individu sur deux pour les générations nées après 1960, alors qu'elle était beaucoup moins fréquente pour les générations antérieures dont les carrières professionnelles étaient pourtant plus longues. Les nouvelles générations sont plus diplômées...
Workplace bullying a risk for permanent employees
Objective: We tested the hypothesis that the risk of experiencing workplace bullying was greater for those employed on casual contracts compared to permanent or ongoing employees. Methods: A cross-sectional population-based telephone survey was conducted in South Australia in 2009. Employment arrangements were classified by self-report into four categories: permanent, casual, fixed-term and self-employed. Self-report of workplace bullying was modelled using multiple logistic regression in relation to employment arrangement, controlling for sex, age, working hours, years in job, occupational skill...
Work-related injury and ill-health among mountain instructors in the UK
In most industrialised countries, work-related injury and ill-health presents a major burden to society. Musculoskeletal disorders and stress are the most common reported illness types with those working in some industries more at risk than others. This study aimed to understand the occupational health issues of those working as mountain instructors in the outdoor sector within the UK and to identify the cultural norms and behaviours among this unique occupational group which influence health. Semi-structured, telephone interviews were conducted with 20 qualified mountaineers to gain information...
Association between change in employment status and new-onset depressive symptoms in South Korea
A gender analysis Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the association of change in employment status with new-onset depressive symptoms, particularly differences stemming from workers' gender, in South Korea. Methods: We analyzed data from the ongoing Korean Welfare Panel Study. After excluding participants who had depressive symptoms at baseline (2007), we analyzed 2891 participants who became a precarious or permanent worker or unemployed at follow-up (2008) among waged workers who were permanent or precarious workers at baseline. Workers were classified as permanent workers if they...
Travail des femmes et santé : un dialogue France-Québec
L’entrée dans le XXIe siècle soulève plusieurs questions sur ce que devient le travail, la place qu’il occupe dans la vie quotidienne et celle qu’on veut lui donner, tout comme sur les façons de stopper certains de ses effets négatifs notamment au niveau de l’envahissement du hors travail, de la santé mentale, des maladies cardiovasculaires, des lésions musculosquelettiques, attribués entre autres au stress, à l’intensification, à la précarisation du travail et au déclin de l’institution...
La santé des indépendants : un avantage relatif à interpréter
La catégorie des « non-salariés » ou des « indépendants » varie selon les limites professionnelles ou statutaires qu'on lui fixe et présente en son sein une forte hétérogénéité de niveaux de diplôme, de revenus, de professions. Après avoir opté pour une définition* sur laquelle appuyer ensuite leur repérage statistique, ce texte pose deux questions : est-il possible de dessiner les traits d'une spécificité de santé de ce groupe si divers et mouvant...
Plus de Messages « Page précédente - Page suivante »

Abonnement courriel

Messages récents

Catégories

Mots-Clés (Tags)

Blogoliste

Archives