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Experiences of arrangements for health, safety and welfare in the global container terminal industry (2016)
This report presents the findings of a study of the experience of health and safety in container terminals operated by national and global companies in several countries. It explores indications from a previous, preliminary study concerning workers' experiences and the effectiveness of the management systems to support their health, safety and welfare at work. It builds on the earlier findings with a more in-depth analysis, using both quantitative and qualitative research methods. It discusses the new findings in the context of an analysis of the relationship between corporate strategies for...
Medical repatriation of migrant farm workers in Ontario
A descriptive analysis BACKGROUND: Approximately 40 000 migrant farm workers are employed annually in Canada through temporary foreign worker programs. Workers experiencing health conditions that prevent ongoing work are normally repatriated to their home country, which raises concerns about human rights and health equity. In this study, we present data on the reasons for medical repatriation of migrant farm workers in Ontario. METHODS: In this retrospective descriptive study, we examined medical repatriation data from Foreign Agricultural Resource Management Services, a non-profit corporation...
Understanding how to improve the management of exposure to wood dust amongst construction sub-contractors and manufacturing SMEs
Literature review Available evidence was reviewed to develop a better understanding of how to improve the management of wood dust exposure in small and medium-sized construction and manufacturing enterprises (SMEs). There was a paucity of research, with most papers exploring the factors that broadly influence health and safety (H&S) management in SMEs. Factors that influence SMEs' behaviours, included: i) limited resources (particularly for small construction and wood working companies), ii) a poor awareness of the importance of ill-health prevention, iii) risk control advice from third...
Les dispositifs de prévention des risques professionnels en France
Les enseignements du croisement d'une approche quantitative et qualitative Ce document propose un premier tableau statistique représentatif des dispositifs de prévention des risques professionnels mis en œuvre dans les entreprises en France au milieu des années 2000, tableau qui faisait jusqu’alors défaut. L’exploitation des données de l’enquête REPONSE 2004-2005 dégage quatre grands types de dispositifs, qui témoignent de la diversité des acceptions que peut prendre la notion de « prévention...
Identifying construction supervisor competencies for effective site safety
Construction supervisors are crucial to eventual site safety performance. In the United States, the OSHA 30-hour training is becoming the de facto standard for supervisor safety competence. A literature review of recommended supervisor safety competencies reveals gaps when compared to the OSHA 30-hour training contents. We address this gap by identifying the necessary knowledge-based safety competencies that are most important for the front-line construction supervisor and prioritizing them for the first time. A Delphi process confirmed that knowledge of pre job planning, organizing work flow,...
Improving safety culture through the health and safety organization
INTRODUCTION: International research indicates that internal health and safety organizations (HSO) and health and safety committees (HSC) do not have the intended impact on companies' safety performance. The aim of this case study at an industrial plant was to test whether the HSO can improve company safety culture by creating more and better safety-related interactions both within the HSO and between HSO members and the shop-floor. METHODS: A quasi-experimental single case study design based on action research with both quantitative and qualitative measures was used. INTERVENTION: Based on...
Is it possible to influence safety in the building sector?
A literature review extending from 1980 until the present The available literature on construction safety is not very optimistic about the chances of evidence-based safety in the construction industry exerting a positive influence. Many articles indicate that the structures and processes that are designed to ensure safety in the industry are poor. Safety management systems do not work, or are limited, the business processes executed are fragmentary, it is not clear who is responsible for safety and parties lower in the construction hierarchy tend to be saddled with the consequences. Safety detracts...
Protecting Construction Worker Health and Safety in Ontario, Canada
Identifying a Union Safety Effect Objectives: Do Ontario unionized construction firms have lower workers' compensation claims rates compared with nonunion firms? Methods: Building trade and construction trade association lists of union contractors were linked to Workplace Safety and Insurance Board claims data for 2006 to 2012. Data were pooled for 2006 to 2012, and negative binomial regressions conducted with adjustment to estimate a union safety effect. esults: The sample included 5797 unionized and 38,626 nonunion construction firms. Total claims rates were 13% higher (1.13, 1.09 to 1.18...

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