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Experiences of arrangements for health, safety and welfare in the global container terminal industry (2016)
This report presents the findings of a study of the experience of health and safety in container terminals operated by national and global companies in several countries. It explores indications from a previous, preliminary study concerning workers' experiences and the effectiveness of the management systems to support their health, safety and welfare at work. It builds on the earlier findings with a more in-depth analysis, using both quantitative and qualitative research methods. It discusses the new findings in the context of an analysis of the relationship between corporate strategies for...
De l'évaluation des risques au management de la santé et de la sécurité au travail
L'évaluation des risques est une opportunité pour enclencher une démarche de prévention pour préserver la santé et améliorer la sécurité de l'homme au travail. La réalisation du document unique ne suffit pas à l'entreprise pour progresser durablement en matière de santé et sécurité au travail. Intégrer la gestion de la santé et de la sécurité au travail dans toutes les fonctions de l'entreprise est une bonne pratique de prévention. La mise en...
Measuring operational performance of OSH management system
A demonstration of AHP-based selection of leading key performance indicators Occupational safety and health management systems (OSH MSs) have been implemented in numerous enterprises worldwide since the mid-1980s. While stakeholders still have expectations on better prevention of occupational injuries and diseases, and on improving the working conditions, it suggest that new approaches are now needed to ensure OSH MS effectiveness, including development of new methods that would facilitate measurement of OHS MS operational status aimed at the genuine improvement of OSH management practices. A review...
Medical repatriation of migrant farm workers in Ontario
A descriptive analysis BACKGROUND: Approximately 40 000 migrant farm workers are employed annually in Canada through temporary foreign worker programs. Workers experiencing health conditions that prevent ongoing work are normally repatriated to their home country, which raises concerns about human rights and health equity. In this study, we present data on the reasons for medical repatriation of migrant farm workers in Ontario. METHODS: In this retrospective descriptive study, we examined medical repatriation data from Foreign Agricultural Resource Management Services, a non-profit corporation...
Understanding how to improve the management of exposure to wood dust amongst construction sub-contractors and manufacturing SMEs
Literature review Available evidence was reviewed to develop a better understanding of how to improve the management of wood dust exposure in small and medium-sized construction and manufacturing enterprises (SMEs). There was a paucity of research, with most papers exploring the factors that broadly influence health and safety (H&S) management in SMEs. Factors that influence SMEs' behaviours, included: i) limited resources (particularly for small construction and wood working companies), ii) a poor awareness of the importance of ill-health prevention, iii) risk control advice from third...
Les dispositifs de prévention des risques professionnels en France
Les enseignements du croisement d'une approche quantitative et qualitative Ce document propose un premier tableau statistique représentatif des dispositifs de prévention des risques professionnels mis en œuvre dans les entreprises en France au milieu des années 2000, tableau qui faisait jusqu’alors défaut. L’exploitation des données de l’enquête REPONSE 2004-2005 dégage quatre grands types de dispositifs, qui témoignent de la diversité des acceptions que peut prendre la notion de « prévention...
Identifying construction supervisor competencies for effective site safety
Construction supervisors are crucial to eventual site safety performance. In the United States, the OSHA 30-hour training is becoming the de facto standard for supervisor safety competence. A literature review of recommended supervisor safety competencies reveals gaps when compared to the OSHA 30-hour training contents. We address this gap by identifying the necessary knowledge-based safety competencies that are most important for the front-line construction supervisor and prioritizing them for the first time. A Delphi process confirmed that knowledge of pre job planning, organizing work flow,...
Improving safety culture through the health and safety organization
INTRODUCTION: International research indicates that internal health and safety organizations (HSO) and health and safety committees (HSC) do not have the intended impact on companies' safety performance. The aim of this case study at an industrial plant was to test whether the HSO can improve company safety culture by creating more and better safety-related interactions both within the HSO and between HSO members and the shop-floor. METHODS: A quasi-experimental single case study design based on action research with both quantitative and qualitative measures was used. INTERVENTION: Based on...
Global Framework: Safety, health and security for work-related international travel and assignments
The Global Framework: Safety, health and security for work-related international travel and assignments was released by the International SOS Foundation following a Meeting of International Experts held last year. It was developed as a result of considerable growth of international business travel and travel related to work due to globalisation, new markets and the need for services. The framework guides an organisation in identifying threats and hazards, and managing risks to the safety, health and security of those travelling for their work or on international assignment. It leads an organisation...
Managing Implementation
Roles of Line Managers, Senior Managers, and Human Resource Professionals in an Occupational Health Intervention Objective: To contrast line managers', senior managers', and (human resource) HR professionals' descriptions of their roles, tasks, and possibilities to perform them during the implementation of an occupational health intervention. Methods: Interviews with line managers (n = 13), senior managers (n = 7), and HR professionals (n = 9) 6 months after initiation of an occupational health intervention at nine organizations. Results: The groups' roles were described coherently...
Lean manufacturing
Cette brochure a pour objectif d'apporter à l'ensemble des acteurs de la prévention, ainsi qu'aux décideurs, un éclairage sur les questions que pose le lean vis-à-vis des aspects de santé et de sécurité au travail. En particulier, elle entend donner des repères pour identifier ce qui, dans une organisation de type lean, peut entraîner des situations à l'origine d'accidents, de troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) ou de risques psychosociaux (RPS). Des pistes d'action sont également proposées...
Motivation for employees to participate in workplace health promotion : literature review
This report presents the findings of a literature review that identifies the motivating factors for employees to participate in workplace health promotion (WHP). This knowledge can be used to improve WHP programmes and, consequently, participation rates. The findings section of the report is divided into two key areas. The first outlines and describes some of the key findings from the literature concerning workers’ motivation to participate in WHP, and the second examines the role that diversity may play in workers’ participation and recruitment. WHP is the combined efforts of employers...
Interaction entre la gestion des ressources humaines et la SST
L'enseignement aux futurs gestionnaires Plusieurs disciplines, dont l'ergonomie, la médecine, la toxicologie, l'andragogie et bien d'autres, ont contribué à l'avancement des connaissances en santé et sécurité au travail (SST). Malgré les avancées scientifiques, un défi demeure, celui de développer les habiletés des gestionnaires et de sensibiliser ces derniers à leur rôle dans la prise en charge des mesures correctrices et préventives en matière de santé et de sécurité...
Is it possible to influence safety in the building sector?
A literature review extending from 1980 until the present The available literature on construction safety is not very optimistic about the chances of evidence-based safety in the construction industry exerting a positive influence. Many articles indicate that the structures and processes that are designed to ensure safety in the industry are poor. Safety management systems do not work, or are limited, the business processes executed are fragmentary, it is not clear who is responsible for safety and parties lower in the construction hierarchy tend to be saddled with the consequences. Safety detracts...
How to create economic incentives in occupational safety and health: a practical guide
This Guide on Economic Incentives Schemes is intended to serve as a practical and user-friendly guide to help incentive providers to create or optimise their own economic incentive schemes. Incentives schemes should not only reward past results of good OSH management (such as low accident numbers), but should also reward specific prevention efforts that aim to reduce future accidents and ill-health. Therefore the expert group suggested the development of compilations of innovative and evidence-based preventive solutions, starting with the three sectors construction, health care and HORECA. Source...
High reliability organisations - A review of the literature
A number of major hazard organisations have been attempting to influence the organisational and safety culture at their sites to transform them into a high reliability organisation (ie organisations that are able to manage and sustain almost error-free performance despite operating in hazardous conditions where the consequences of errors could be catastrophic) with a positive safety culture. In recent years there has been a huge increase in the literature talking about the control of major hazard risks, in particular the philosophies of high reliability organisations, resilience management and...
Formation et initiation à la tâche : éléments de ritualisation favorisant le développement d’une culture de santé et sécurité au travail auprès des travailleurs immigrants
Depuis des années, les professionnels de la santé au travail s’inquiètent des limites des petites entreprises (PE) pour implanter et gérer des mesures de SST. Cette inquiétude est d’autant plus justifiée que les PE constituent, dans bien des pays, le principal employeur[1]. De plus, dans les grands centres urbains d’Europe et d’Amérique du Nord, les PE embauchent un nombre important de travailleurs immigrants. Or, ces travailleurs issus des communautés ethnoculturelles ou de l’immigration semblent ignorer le rôle...
Return of Guardsmen and Reservists to the Workforce Suggests Safety, Work Organization Needs
As record numbers of National Guardsmen and Reservists return to the civilian workforce from active military duty - in many cases, from duty in a combat zone - they and their employers face challenges that occupational safety and health professionals are uniquely positioned and skilled to address. Source : http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/updates/upd-02-15-11.html
British Columbia Workplace Safety Leadership Development
In the absence of regular support from leaders, unsafe workplace environments and processes can develop. Workplace safety leadership development is about enhancing the capacity of individual leaders and ensuring that there is a regular flow of safety information to them. This project builds on that approach, by focusing on how safety climate can be measured in workplaces, so that the information can be used to enlighten leaders on the messages they send and to develop leadership practices and policies to improve safety. Source : http://www.worksafebc.com/contact_us/research/research_results/res_60_10_820...
Protecting Construction Worker Health and Safety in Ontario, Canada
Identifying a Union Safety Effect Objectives: Do Ontario unionized construction firms have lower workers' compensation claims rates compared with nonunion firms? Methods: Building trade and construction trade association lists of union contractors were linked to Workplace Safety and Insurance Board claims data for 2006 to 2012. Data were pooled for 2006 to 2012, and negative binomial regressions conducted with adjustment to estimate a union safety effect. esults: The sample included 5797 unionized and 38,626 nonunion construction firms. Total claims rates were 13% higher (1.13, 1.09 to 1.18...
Effectiveness and implementation of health and safety programs in small enterprises: A systematic review of quantitative and qualitative literature
Small businesses have unique challenges with occupational health and safety (OHS). Overall, workers in a small business have a higher risk of workplace injury than workers in large firms, yet both workers and owners may not have a sense of this increased risk. Small businesses are more likely to face financial instability than larger firms. Together, these situations create a challenge in understanding and managing the risk of workplace accidents. This systematic review was conducted to provide an understanding of and guidance on how to implement OHS in small businesses, and to identify effective...
Évaluez la gestion de la santé et de la sécurité dans votre entreprise
L’INRS, la CNAMTS et les CRAM ont conçu un outil d’évaluation nommé « grille GPS SST ». Sur 20 thèmes, analysez les pratiques actuelles de gestion de la santé et de la sécurité dans votre entreprise en consultant les acteurs concernés (direction, encadrement, représentants du personnel, préventeurs…). Au-delà de la notation proprement dite, ce sont bien les interactions entre ces acteurs qui font l’intérêt de cette démarche. Grille d'analyse

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