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De-escalation techniques for managing non-psychosis induced aggression in adults
Background: Aggression occurs frequently within health and social care settings. It can result in injury to patients and staff and can adversely affect staff performance and well-being. De-escalation is a widely used and recommended intervention for managing aggression, but the efficacy of the intervention as a whole and the specific techniques that comprise it are unclear. Objectives: To assess the effects of de-escalation techniques for managing non-psychosis-induced aggression in adults in care settings, in both staff and service users. Source: Spencer, S., Johnson, P. et Smith, I. C. (2018...
Effectiveness of a digital platform-based implementation strategy to prevent work stress in a healthcare organization
A 12-month follow-up controlled trial A digital platform-based implementation strategy showed potential for preventing stress among healthcare workers. The experimental group showed a slight decline in stress, and the control group showed an increase in stress during follow-up. No differences were found for determinants of work stress and level of implementation. Source: Havermans, B. M., Boot, C. R., Brouwers, E. P., Houtman, I. L., Heerkens, Y. F., Zijlstra-Vlasveld, M. C., ... et van der Beek, A. J. (2018). Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health . http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5271/sjweh...
Interventions to prevent and reduce physician burnout
A systematic review and meta-analysis Physician burnout has reached epidemic levels, as documented in national studies of both physicians in training and practising physicians. The consequences are negative effects on patient care, professionalism, physicians' own care and safety, and the viability of health-care systems. A more complete understanding than at present of the quality and outcomes of the literature on approaches to prevent and reduce burnout is necessary. Source: West, C. P., Dyrbye, L. N., Erwin, P. J., & Shanafelt, T. D. (2016). The Lancet . http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140...
An Interventional Approach for Patient and Nurse Safety
A Fatigue Countermeasures Feasibility Study Studies indicate that extended shifts worked by hospital staff nurses are associated with higher risk of errors. Long work hours coupled with insufficient sleep and fatigue are even riskier. Although other industries have developed programs to reduce fatigue-related errors and injury, fatigue countermeasures program for nurses (FCMPN) are lacking. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of an FCMPN for improving sleep duration and quality while reducing daytime sleepiness and patient care errors. Selected sleep variables, errors and...
Nurses’ Experiences of Workplace Violence
Towards Effective Intervention Issue Workplace abuse and violence in health care settings, particularly against nurses, is increasingly recognized as a problem of epidemic proportions, with negative implications for nurses' job satisfaction and ability to provide care effectively. This study explored nurses' experiences and perceptions of workplace violence and its impact, in order to increase the ability to intervene effectively on behalf of nurses abused at work. The study included a review of incident reports, interviews with nurses and the development of a DVD on workplace violence...
Preventive staff-support interventions for health workers
Health workers need to be supported to reduce job-related stress, prevent burnout and improve motivation. This review identified 10 studies involving 716 health workers aimed at assessing the effects of preventive staff-support interventions. Eight studies involved short to medium-term training in stress management techniques, given predominantly to nurses in secondary and tertiary care settings. Four of these studies demonstrated beneficial effects of stress management training interventions in reducing some measures of job-related stress over the short-term. However, due to inadequate follow...
Implementation of Worklife Support’s Well-Being Programme in the local authority-controlled education sector
This study is a report of a five-step risk-assessment approach, using Worklife Support’s Well-Being Programme, in two public-sector organisations. The broad aims of the project were two-fold: - To introduce an approach broadly equivalent to that of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) Management Standards in the education sector in order to raise awareness of the areas covered by the Management Standards for Work-Related Stress. - To demonstrate how this approach could have an impact on organisational wellbeing. http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr652.htm
Revisit the Joys of Your Job
A new study suggests urging employees to simply rethink their jobs was enough to drop absenteeism by 60 percent and turnover by 75 percent. A ‘Spirit at Work’ intervention program, designed to engage employees and give a sense of purpose, significantly boosted morale and job retention for a group of long-term health-care workers at the center of the study. http://psychcentral.com/news/2008/11/27/revisit-the-joys-of-your-job/3421.html

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