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De-escalation techniques for managing non-psychosis induced aggression in adults
Background: Aggression occurs frequently within health and social care settings. It can result in injury to patients and staff and can adversely affect staff performance and well-being. De-escalation is a widely used and recommended intervention for managing aggression, but the efficacy of the intervention as a whole and the specific techniques that comprise it are unclear. Objectives: To assess the effects of de-escalation techniques for managing non-psychosis-induced aggression in adults in care settings, in both staff and service users. Source: Spencer, S., Johnson, P. et Smith, I. C. (2018...
Effectiveness of a digital platform-based implementation strategy to prevent work stress in a healthcare organization
A 12-month follow-up controlled trial A digital platform-based implementation strategy showed potential for preventing stress among healthcare workers. The experimental group showed a slight decline in stress, and the control group showed an increase in stress during follow-up. No differences were found for determinants of work stress and level of implementation. Source: Havermans, B. M., Boot, C. R., Brouwers, E. P., Houtman, I. L., Heerkens, Y. F., Zijlstra-Vlasveld, M. C., ... et van der Beek, A. J. (2018). Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health . http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5271/sjweh...
Differences in safety training among smaller and larger construction firms with non-native workers
Evidence of overlapping vulnerabilities Collaborative efforts between the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) led to a report focusing on overlapping occupational vulnerabilities, specifically small construction businesses employing young, non-native workers. Following the report, an online survey was conducted by ASSE with construction business representatives focusing on training experiences of non-native workers. Results were grouped by business size (50 or fewer employees or more than 50 employees). Smaller businesses...
Prise en charge de la SST dans les mines souterraines : témoignages de cadres et de représentants des travailleurs
Cette étude exploratoire vise à mieux connaître les rôles des cadres et représentants des travailleurs de mines souterraines québécoises, les éléments du contexte qui peuvent agir comme leviers ou obstacles à leurs actions en SST et à amorcer des réflexions sur ce qui peut les soutenir dans leurs rôles. Cette étude s'appuie sur une exploration de la littérature et sur une analyse secondaire des données recueillies lors d'un projet de recherche portant sur les conditions d'intégration...
L'amélioration des conditions de travail aux postes de bouverie et de tuerie en abattoirs de boucherie
En octobre 2016, une commission d'enquête parlementaire émettait des recommandations pour renforcer la protection des animaux en abattoirs. À la demande du ministère de l‘Agriculture et de l'Alimentation, l'Anact a réalisé une étude pour mieux éclairer les liens entre les enjeux économiques, de conditions de travail et de protection animale. Les analyses ont mis en évidence qu'il est nécessaire de prendre en compte la réalité du travail des différents acteurs (opérateurs...
Experiences of arrangements for health, safety and welfare in the global container terminal industry (2016)
This report presents the findings of a study of the experience of health and safety in container terminals operated by national and global companies in several countries. It explores indications from a previous, preliminary study concerning workers' experiences and the effectiveness of the management systems to support their health, safety and welfare at work. It builds on the earlier findings with a more in-depth analysis, using both quantitative and qualitative research methods. It discusses the new findings in the context of an analysis of the relationship between corporate strategies for...
Comprendre les ressorts des pratiques organisationnelles en matière de prévention des risques psychosociaux par les acteurs de l’entreprise
Une recherche dans l'industrie de la chimie La littérature scientifique fait part d'une individualisation des problèmes de santé psychologique au travail faisant obstacle à l'efficacité de la prévention. À partir d'une méthode mixte, nous cherchons à savoir si cette tendance à l'individualisation se retrouve dans la perception des acteurs de la santé au travail dans l'organisation et la manière dont celle-ci impacte les modes d'intervention. Un questionnaire a été proposé...
Participation des travailleurs à la gestion de la sécurité et de la santé au travail
Informations qualitatives tirées de la deuxième édition de l'enquête européenne des entreprises sur les risques nouveaux et émergents (ESENER-2) Cette étude est principalement consacrée à la question de la représentation des intérêts des travailleurs dans le domaine de la santé et de la sécurité du point de vue des représentants eux-mêmes, de leurs collègues, ainsi que de leurs employeurs et dirigeants. Elle est basée sur des entretiens approfondis réalisés...
New NIOSH Training Offers Fatigue Management for Pilots in the Land of the Midnight Sun
For a pilot working in Western Alaska, the amount of daylight during their work day can vary as much as 14 hours between the summer and winter solstice (or more the farther north you go). These aviators often fly multiple legs each day, serving as a transportation link to over 250 villages across the state. In fact, over 80% of Alaska's communities are not connected by roads. Vast distances, long hours of daylight, short flying seasons, and wildly variable weather can all contribute to the development of fatigue. Fatigue is a general lack of alertness and degradation in mental and physical...
Effectiveness of participatory training in preventing accidental occupational injuries
A randomized-controlled trial in China This is the first large scale randomized controlled trial documenting the effectiveness of a participatory approach to occupational health and safety training in reducing work injuries and re-injuries among industrial workers. This approach can be adopted and tried out in other settings, and is expected to help reduce the huge burdens of work injuries to workers, their families and society. Source: Yu, I. T., Yu, W., Li, Z., Qiu, H., Wan, S., Xie, S., & Wang, X. (2017). Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health . http://dx.doi.org/10.5271...
Safety Culture Promotion Intervention Program (SCPIP) in an oil refinery factory
An integrated application of Geller and Health Belief Models As the most of work-related accidents results from unsafe behaviors, there is clearly a need for research in this area. The purpose of this study was to assess safety culture among operation personnel of an Oil Refinery Company (ORC) in Tehran and design and implement a Safety Culture Promotion Intervention Program (SCPIP) based on an integration of Geller and HBM models. In this quasi-experimental study, as the first phase, 190 operational employees of an ORC were recruited. The data were analyzed and the SCPIP was designed. In the second...
Interventions to prevent and reduce physician burnout
A systematic review and meta-analysis Physician burnout has reached epidemic levels, as documented in national studies of both physicians in training and practising physicians. The consequences are negative effects on patient care, professionalism, physicians' own care and safety, and the viability of health-care systems. A more complete understanding than at present of the quality and outcomes of the literature on approaches to prevent and reduce burnout is necessary. Source: West, C. P., Dyrbye, L. N., Erwin, P. J., & Shanafelt, T. D. (2016). The Lancet . http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140...
Peer Support and Crisis-Focused Psychological Intervention Programs in Canadian First Responders
Results from a review conducted by a team of researchers at the University of Regina have shown that there is an urgent need for more research on the effectiveness of peer support and crisis-focused psychological intervention programs designed to help First Responders — police, paramedics, and fire and rescue personnel — cope with the trauma often associated with their work. The Blue Paper was published by a research team led by Dr. Shadi Beshai and Dr. R. Nicholas Carleton with the Canadian Institute for Public Safety Research and Treatment (CIPSRT). The “operational stressors”...
Improving safety climate through a communication and recognition program for construction
A mixed methods study We evaluated the efficacy of a novel safety communication and recognition program (B-SAFE), designed to encourage improvement of physical working conditions and hazard reduction in construction. Using mixed methods, we determined that B-SAFE led to many positive changes, including an improvement in safety climate, awareness, team-building, and communication. The study has important implications for both research and practice. Source: Sparer EH, Catalano PJ, Herrick RF, Dennerlein JT. Scand J Work Environ Health , 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3569
Promoting Healthy Workplaces by Building Cultures of Health and Applying Strategic Communications
Objective: The aim of the study was to identify key success elements of employer-sponsored health promotion (wellness) programs. Methods: We conducted an updated literature review, held discussions with subject matter experts, and visited nine companies with exemplary programs to examine current best and promising practices in workplace health promotion programs. Results: Best practices include establishing a culture of health and using strategic communications. Key elements that contribute to a culture of health are leadership commitment, social and physical environmental support, and employee...
The Sustainability of an Occupational Skin Cancer Prevention Program
Objective: Sustainability of prevention programs is a public health goal. Methods: The effectiveness of Go Sun Smart, an occupational skin cancer prevention program, was evaluated 5 to 7 years out from the conclusion of a controlled randomized dissemination trial that compared an enhanced versus basic dissemination strategy at 53 ski areas enrolled in the trial. Results: Employees (n?=?2940) at ski areas in the enhanced condition reported fewer sunburns but did not differ from employees in the basic condition on other sun-protection measures. Significant differences for all sun-protection practices...
Active behaviour change safety interventions in the construction industry
A systematic review The aims of this paper were to systematically review the evidence for the effectiveness of active behaviour change safety interventions in the construction industry; and to determine the intervention characteristics most commonly associated with effectiveness in reducing injury rates and improving safety behaviour - intensity/frequency/duration, behaviour change techniques (BCTs) and theory-base. An electronic literature search (June 2014) was conducted to identify eligible interventions: those involving active involvement from workers/management in the construction industry;...
Research to explore the effect of traditional farming Safety and Health Awareness Days (SHADs) on farmer behaviour
The research explored farmers' perceptions of the extent to which attendance at a Farming Safety and Health Awareness Day (SHAD), established by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), had changed their awareness, attitudes and behaviour in relation to health and safety. Using a mixture of quantitative (questionnaire) and qualitative (interview) approaches provided an opportunity to explore not only how farmers' knowledge, attitudes and behaviour had changed immediately after the SHAD, but also whether any observed changes were sustained three months after attending a SHAD. Source: http...
Best practices for health and safety technology transfer in construction
BACKGROUND: Construction continues to be a dangerous industry, yet solutions that would prevent injury and illness do exist. Prevention of injury and illness among construction workers requires dissemination, adoption, and implementation of these effective interventions, or "research to practice" (r2p). METHODS: CPWR recruited participants with experience and insight into effective methods for diffusion of health and safety technologies in this industry for a symposium with 3 group sessions and 3 breakout groups. The organizers reviewed session notes and identified 141 recommendations...
Development of a Health Risk Management Maturity Index (HeRMMIn) as a performance leading indicator within the construction industry
Safety cultural maturity reflects an organisation's degree of readiness to tackle safety risks. Until recently, no equivalent model for occupational health (OH) had been developed. The current research aimed to develop an OH management maturity index for the construction industry and use the index to survey OH management maturity in the industry. Index development entailed an initial evidence synthesis and subject expert consultation to establish the index's theoretical basis/scope. This identified the key constituents of OH maturity as: senior management commitment; continuous improvement;...
Development of a Health Risk Management Maturity Index (HeRMMIn) as a performance leading indicator within the construction industry
Safety cultural maturity reflects an organisation's degree of readiness to tackle safety risks. Until recently, no equivalent model for occupational health (OH) had been developed. The current research aimed to develop an OH management maturity index for the construction industry and use the index to survey OH management maturity in the industry. Index development entailed an initial evidence synthesis and subject expert consultation to establish the index's theoretical basis/scope. This identified the key constituents of OH maturity as: senior management commitment; continuous improvement;...
Plaidoyer pour un leadership distribué favorisant la santé au travail en contexte scolaire
Les problèmes de santé au travail sont criants (p. ex., stress, problèmes psychosociaux et épuisement) et, chez l'ensemble des travailleurs, il semblerait que les salariés du milieu de l'éducation (enseignants, professionnels, personnel de soutien et membres de la direction) fassent partie de ceux qui sont le plus touchés par la détresse psychologique au travail. Selon la Fédération des commissions scolaires du Québec, près de 50 % des absences du personnel scolaire sont dues à des troubles de nature...
Medical repatriation of migrant farm workers in Ontario
A descriptive analysis BACKGROUND: Approximately 40 000 migrant farm workers are employed annually in Canada through temporary foreign worker programs. Workers experiencing health conditions that prevent ongoing work are normally repatriated to their home country, which raises concerns about human rights and health equity. In this study, we present data on the reasons for medical repatriation of migrant farm workers in Ontario. METHODS: In this retrospective descriptive study, we examined medical repatriation data from Foreign Agricultural Resource Management Services, a non-profit corporation...
Understanding how to improve the management of exposure to wood dust amongst construction sub-contractors and manufacturing SMEs
Literature review Available evidence was reviewed to develop a better understanding of how to improve the management of wood dust exposure in small and medium-sized construction and manufacturing enterprises (SMEs). There was a paucity of research, with most papers exploring the factors that broadly influence health and safety (H&S) management in SMEs. Factors that influence SMEs' behaviours, included: i) limited resources (particularly for small construction and wood working companies), ii) a poor awareness of the importance of ill-health prevention, iii) risk control advice from third...
Les dispositifs de prévention des risques professionnels en France
Les enseignements du croisement d'une approche quantitative et qualitative Ce document propose un premier tableau statistique représentatif des dispositifs de prévention des risques professionnels mis en œuvre dans les entreprises en France au milieu des années 2000, tableau qui faisait jusqu’alors défaut. L’exploitation des données de l’enquête REPONSE 2004-2005 dégage quatre grands types de dispositifs, qui témoignent de la diversité des acceptions que peut prendre la notion de « prévention...
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