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Differences in safety training among smaller and larger construction firms with non-native workers
Evidence of overlapping vulnerabilities Collaborative efforts between the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) led to a report focusing on overlapping occupational vulnerabilities, specifically small construction businesses employing young, non-native workers. Following the report, an online survey was conducted by ASSE with construction business representatives focusing on training experiences of non-native workers. Results were grouped by business size (50 or fewer employees or more than 50 employees). Smaller businesses...
The dynamics of union responses to migrant workers in Canada
This study examines how five unions in the Canadian province of Alberta responded to a sudden influx of temporary foreign workers (TFWs), as part of Canadian employers' increased use of migrant workers in the mid-2000s. The authors find three types of response to the new TFW members: resistive, facilitative and active. Furthermore, these responses were dynamic and changing over time. The different responses are best explained not by the unions' institutional context, but by internal factors shaping each union's response. Drawing upon the concept of referential unionisms, the study explores...
Medical repatriation of migrant farm workers in Ontario
A descriptive analysis BACKGROUND: Approximately 40 000 migrant farm workers are employed annually in Canada through temporary foreign worker programs. Workers experiencing health conditions that prevent ongoing work are normally repatriated to their home country, which raises concerns about human rights and health equity. In this study, we present data on the reasons for medical repatriation of migrant farm workers in Ontario. METHODS: In this retrospective descriptive study, we examined medical repatriation data from Foreign Agricultural Resource Management Services, a non-profit corporation...
Assessing the effectiveness of the Pesticides and Farmworker Health Toolkit
A curriculum for enhancing farmworkers' understanding of pesticide safety concepts Among agricultural workers, migrant and seasonal farmworkers have been recognized as a special risk population because these laborers encounter cultural challenges and linguistic barriers while attempting to maintain their safety and health within their working environments. The crop-specific Pesticides and Farmworker Health Toolkit (Toolkit) is a pesticide safety and health curriculum designed to communicate to farmworkers pesticide hazards commonly found in their working environments and to address Worker Protection...
Evaluation of a pilot promotora program for Latino forest workers in southern Oregon
BACKGROUND: Forest work, an occupation with some of the highest injury and illness rates, is conducted primarily by Latino immigrant workers. This study evaluates a pilot program where promotoras (lay community health educators) provided occupational health and safety trainings for Latino forest workers. METHODS: Evaluation methods included a focus group, post-tests, and qualitative feedback. RESULTS: Community capacity to address working conditions increased through (i) increased leadership and community access to information and resources; and (ii) increased worker awareness of workplace health...
Mesures de santé et de sécurité du travail dans les petites entreprises montréalaises embauchant une main-d’œuvre immigrante
Les stratégies favorables à la prise en charge Dans les sociétés qui misent sur l'embauche des travailleurs immigrants pour combler leurs besoins de main-d'œuvre, la gestion des pratiques SST en contexte de diversité ethnoculturelle devient un sujet incontournable. De ces préoccupations ont émergé les questions suivantes : quels sont les stratégies et les arguments favorables à la prise en charge de la SST dans les petites entreprises qui embauchent de façon importante une main-d'œuvre immigrante...
Social marketing to plan a fall prevention program for Latino construction workers
BACKGROUND: Latino construction workers experience disparities in occupational death and injury rates. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration funded a fall prevention training program at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas in response to sharp increases in fall-related accidents from 2005 to 2007. The grant's purpose was to improve fall protection for construction workers, with a focus on Latinos. This study assessed the effectiveness of social marketing for increasing fall prevention behaviors. METHODS: A multi-disciplinary team used a social marketing approach to plan the program...
Formation et initiation à la tâche : éléments de ritualisation favorisant le développement d’une culture de santé et sécurité au travail auprès des travailleurs immigrants
Depuis des années, les professionnels de la santé au travail s’inquiètent des limites des petites entreprises (PE) pour implanter et gérer des mesures de SST. Cette inquiétude est d’autant plus justifiée que les PE constituent, dans bien des pays, le principal employeur[1]. De plus, dans les grands centres urbains d’Europe et d’Amérique du Nord, les PE embauchent un nombre important de travailleurs immigrants. Or, ces travailleurs issus des communautés ethnoculturelles ou de l’immigration semblent ignorer le rôle...
Migrants workers : Health and Human Mobility in the 21st Century
A billion people are on the move today – a seventh of humanity. More than 214 million people are living in a country other than their own as international migrants, half of whom are women. Current trends indicate that international mobility will be a key feature of the 21st Century. Barents Newsletter , 2011, vol. 14, no 2
Immigrant Workers in U.S. Construction
The U.S. construction industry has seen a dramatic increase in the number of Hispanic workers over the last two decades. From 1990 to 2000, Hispanic workers in construction doubled, from 700,000 to 1.5 million. Those numbers doubled again in less than 10 years, from 1.5 million in 2000 to 3 million in 2007. Although those numbers have dropped due to the recession and slump in residential and commercial construction, Hispanics still make up approximately 30% of blue-collar workers on construction sites across America. Today, among Hispanics entering the U.S. workforce for the first time, one in...
“Newness” and the risk of occupational injury
Research is emerging that “newness” is associated with a higher risk of work injury. Whether it's young workers, workers of all ages new to their jobs, recent immigrants or employees in newly established firms, the evidence indicates that these workers face higher injury rates and/or more hazardous jobs. This Issue Briefing summarizes the key research behind these findings and explores the implications for policy-makers in governments and health and safety service providers. http://www.iwh.on.ca/briefings/newness

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