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L’utilité de la formation dans la prévention des risques psychosociaux au travail
Cet article se propose d'alimenter la réflexion sur l'intervention dans le champ de la santé au travail. Dans cette recherche, nous nous sommes plus particulièrement centrée sur la capacité d'une action de formation sur la prévention des risques psychosociaux au travail (RPS) à développer des ressources psychosociales nouvelles dans les organisations. Les résultats sont issus de l'analyse de 14 plans d'action et comparent le niveau d'importance des ressources élaborées selon qu'il y ait eu ou...
Suicides and deaths of undetermined intent among veterinary professionals from 2003 through 2014
OBJECTIVE: To analyze data for death of veterinary professionals and veterinary students, with manner of death characterized as suicide or undetermined intent from 2003 through 2014. SAMPLE: Death records for 202 veterinary professionals and veterinary students. PROCEDURES: Decedents employed as veterinarians, veterinary technicians or technologists, or veterinary assistants or laboratory animal caretakers and veterinary students who died by suicide or of undetermined intent were identified through retrospective review of National Violent Death Reporting System records. Standardized mortality ratios...
Mental Illness, Social Suffering and Structural Antagonism in the Labour Process
Workplace conditions and experiences powerfully influence mental health and individuals experiencing mental illness, including the extent to which people experiencing mental ill-health are ‘disabled' by their work environments. This article explains how examination of the social suffering experienced in workplaces by people with mental illness could enhance understanding of the inter-relationships between mental health and workplace conditions, including experiences and characteristics of the overarching labour process. It examines how workplace perceptions and narratives around mental...
Sickness presenteeism: Are we sure about what we are studying?
A research based on a literature review and an empirical illustration Background: There has been an increasing interest in studying sickness presenteeism (SP). An ever‐increasing amount of scientific literature is published using this term, yet there appears to be considerable heterogeneity in how it is assessed, which could result in substantial differences in the definition and interpretation of the phenomenon really being studied. We aim to discuss what really is being studied, depending on how the phenomenon is operationalized, measured, and analyzed. Methods: A study based on a literature...
Workplace violence and development of burnout symptoms
A prospective cohort study on 1823 social educators Purpose: Burnout and workplace violence (WPV) have been associated in cross-sectional studies, but longitudinal studies with solid methods and adequate sample sizes are lacking. This study investigates whether WPV increases burnout symptoms during a 12-month period. Methods: Questionnaire data were collected on 1823 social educators at baseline and 12-month follow-up, coupled with additionally 12 monthly text-message surveys on exposure to WPV. Using general linear modelling for repeated measures, we estimated change over time in burnout symptoms...
Shift work and mental health: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Background: Shift work is common. However, research findings are mixed regarding the impact of shift work on mental health. This systematic review sought to provide a comprehensive summary of existing research examining the association between different types of shift work and mental health. The review included large-scale, non-occupation-specific research. Methods: Four electronic databases PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Science and SCOPUS were searched to identify studies that reported on the statistical association between shift work and mental health and that used population-based samples. Two reviewers...
Le présentéisme au travail. Mieux évaluer pour mieux prévenir
Le présentéisme au travail, ou le fait de venir travailler alors que l'on est malade, est un phénomène rarement étudié en France car sa mesure de grande échelle était impossible jusqu'à récemment. Dans ce document de travail, nous utilisons les données de l'enquête Conditions de Travail 2013, première enquête nationale en population générale permettant une mesure du phénomène afin d'évaluer les déterminants de sa durée sur une année...
Effectiveness of occupational e-mental health interventions
A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis investigated the effectiveness of occupational e-mental health interventions aimed at stress, depression, anxiety, burnout, insomnia, mindfulness, well-being, and alcohol misuse and their potential treatment moderators. Methods: We systematically reviewed randomized control trials published in English using three electronic databases (MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL) and three register trials. A pooled effect size for each mental health area was calculated using random-effects modelling...
Effectiveness of psychological and educational interventions for the prevention of depression in the workplace
A systematic review and meta-analysis Objectives :Psychological and educational interventions for the prevention of depression have a small-to-moderate effect. However, little is known about their effectiveness in the workplace. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of such interventions through a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT). Methods: We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, CENTRAL, CIS-DOC and Open Grey for RCT. Search was supplemented with manual searches of reference lists of relevant meta-analyses and trials. We included RCT that assessed either...
Psychosocial Work Conditions and Mental Health: Examining Differences Across Mental Illness and Well-Being Outcomes
Objectives: Psychosocial work conditions are determinants of mental illness among worker populations. However, while the focus on negative aspects of mental health has generated important contributions to the development of workplace interventions, there is less evidence on the factors that support the positive aspects of mental well-being. This study aimed to examine the association between psychosocial work conditions and mental health outcomes among a representative sample of Canadian workers; and to assess whether the relationships are consistent across measures of mental illness versus mental...
Stressful by design: Exploring health risks of ride-share work
Introduction: For-hire driving work, such as taxi driving, is characterized by long hours of sedentary behaviour, passenger assault, lack of benefits or support, and isolating working conditions that jeopardize good health. The for-hire driving industry has recently expanded to include a new group of ride-share drivers from digital platforms such as Uber and Lyft; this has substantially increased the number of people engaged in for-hire driving. However, there is very little existing research on ride-share drivers' health and safety in relation to their work, and no research on the Canadian...
Troubles musculosquelettiques et risques psychosociaux dans une population de conducteurs ambulanciers hospitaliers
Objectif: L'objectif de notre étude a été de déterminer la prévalence des TMS et des RPS au sein d'une population de conducteurs ambulanciers (CA) d'un centre hospitalier public et d'évaluer les liens entre eux. Méthodologie: Nous avons étudié une population de 65 agents de la Fonction publique, à l'aide d'un hétéro-questionnaire tiré du guide des bonnes pratiques de l'INRS. Les caractéristiques générales des sujets, les plaintes liées aux TMS, le vécu...
Clinical guideline for the diagnosis and management of work-related mental health conditions in general practice
Work related mental health conditions are the second most common cause of workers’ compensation, however, these conditions are typically challenging to diagnose and treat. In Australia, most injured workers seek care from their general practitioner (GP). The Clinical guideline for the diagnosis and management of work-related mental health conditions (the Guideline) has been developed to assist GPs with the diagnosis and management of work-related mental health conditions. The guideline recommendations were approved by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) in late 2018....
Évolution 2010-2018 du burnout en Belgique et intérêt de l’utilisation conjointe de deux outils de diagnostic
Le projet se structure en différentes étapes : - Établir une revue de la littérature scientifique des cinq dernières années sur le burnout et les troubles mentaux associés (stress, dépression, workaholisme, fatigue chronique, fibromyalgie, brown-out, bore-out) ; - Faire le point sur des concepts fortement médiatisés comme le bore-out ou le brownout; - Mesurer l'ampleur du burnout dans la population belge ; - Adapter l'outil à l'intention des médecins permettant d'aider à la détection...
Le stress au travail : du paradigme des risques psychosociaux à celui de la qualité de vie au travail
Une recherche-action utilisant trois modèles classiques du stress au travail nous a permis de vérifier l'impact sur les résultats obtenus du choix du modèle et du paradigme : risques psychosociaux versus qualité de vie au travail. Quatre cent trente-six salariés de la grande distribution ont répondu à un questionnaire incluant ces trois mesures du stress, les conséquences (satisfaction, fatigue) et une cause possible (tensions de rôle). Nos résultats valident les hypothèses de différences significatives...
Conflits de valeurs et exigences émotionnelles
Ce numéro de Synthèse.Stat' présente les résultats de l' enquête Conditions de travail – Risques psychosociaux de 2016 concernant les indicateurs relatifs aux conflits de valeurs et aux exigences émotionnelles. Ce volume recouvre deux des six axes d'analyse des risques psychosociaux construits par le collège d'expertise sur le suivi statistique des risques psychosociaux au travail1 : les conflits de valeurs (axe 5) et les exigences émotionnelles (axe 2). Les exigences émotionnelles couvrent non seulement la partie...
Psychosocial Work Conditions and Mental Health: Examining Differences Across Mental Illness and Well-Being Outcomes
Objectives Psychosocial work conditions are determinants of mental illness among worker populations. However, while the focus on negative aspects of mental health has generated important contributions to the development of workplace interventions, there is less evidence on the factors that support the positive aspects of mental well-being. This study aimed to examine the association between psychosocial work conditions and mental health Outcomes among a representative sample of Canadian workers; and to assess whether the relationships are consistent across measures of mental illness versus mental...
Quebec Serve and Protect Low Back Pain Study: What About Mental Quality of Life?
Background As of now, the impact of low back pain (LBP) and its chronic state, chronic low back pain (CLBP), on mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has never been investigated among police officers. The present investigation aims at studying this relationship using a biopsychosocial model. Methods Between May and October 2014, a Web-based cross-sectional study was conducted among Quebec police officers (Quebec, Canada). Mental HRQOL was measured using the role emotional (RE) and the mental health (MH) domains of the SF-12v2 Health Survey. The impact of CLBP on mental HRQOL (as opposed...
Long working hours and depressive symptoms: moderating effects of gender, socioeconomic status, and job resources
Purpose Systematic reviews and meta-analyses have found inconsistent associations between working hours and depressive symptoms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible moderators of this association, using data from a large-scale cross-sectional survey. Methods A total of 16,136 Japanese employees (men 83.5%; women 16.5%) responded to a self-administered questionnaire inquiring about overtime working hours during the previous month and depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale), as well as moderating factors including gender, age, marital status,...
Caractérisation des effets des expositions aux facteurs psychosociaux sur la santé mentale et l'état de santé général perçu - Analyses à partir de l'enquête "Santé et itinéraire professionnel"
Basée sur l'enquête nationale " Santé et itinéraire professionnel ", cette étude avait l'objectif d'apporter des réponses quant à la nature des effets de 17 facteurs psychosociaux sur la survenue de troubles de la santé mentale et sur la dégradation de l'état de santé général perçu. L'effet se produit-il au moment de l'exposition ou après un certain temps ? La santé mentale et la santé générale perçue sont elles plus altérées...
Associations Between Systemic Quality of Life and Burnout Among French Canadian Workers
Burnout has very often been studied from a work-life specific perspective. However, a recent field of research leads to wonder about the impact that life events can have on the development of burnout. This study therefore investigated the associations between five domains of systemic quality of life and the three dimensions of burnout proposed by Maslach and colleagues. An analysis of correlations and multiple hierarchical regressions were performed on a sample of 202 French Canadian workers. These analyses report inverse associations between quality of life and burnout, with strong negative correlations...
Breaking Point: Violence Against Long-Term Care Staff
Direct resident care in long-term care facilities is carried out predominantly by personal support workers and registered practical nurses, the majority of whom are women. They experience physical, verbal, and sexual violence from residents on a regular basis. To explore this widespread problem, fifty-six staff in seven communities in Ontario, Canada, were consulted. They identified such immediate causes of violence as resident fear, confusion, and agitation and such underlying causes as task-driven organization of work, understaffing, inappropriate resident placement, and inadequate time for relational...
Too sick or not too sick?: The importance of stress and satisfaction with supervisor support on the prevalence of sickness presenteeism
In a sample of 3,274 full-time Belgian workers, this article found that 62% of workers went to work while being sick (sickness presenteeism) at least once over the past 12 months. Of all workers who did not show sickness presenteeism themselves, another 6 out of 10 saw or heard about sickness presenteeism in their own organization. This turns sickness presenteeism into an important physical and mental health risk, demanding new policy measures from organizational and governmental decision makers. Women were more likely to report sickness presenteeism than men and junior workers were more prone...
Prevention through job design: Identifying high-risk job characteristics associated with workplace bullying.
Work environment hypothesis, a predominant theoretical framework in workplace bullying literature, postulates that job characteristics may trigger workplace bullying. Yet, these characteristics are often assessed by employees based on their experience of the job. This study aims to assess how job characteristics, independently assessed via Occupational Information Network (O*NET), are related to perceived job characteristics reported by employees, which, in turn, are associated with self-reported workplace bullying. Multilevel mediation analyses from 3,829 employees in 209 occupations confirmed...
Organizational change and employee mental health: A prospective multilevel study of the associations between organizational changes and clinically relevant mental distress
Objective The aim of the present paper was to elucidate the relationship between exposure to separate, multiple or repeated organizational change at both individual- and work-unit level and subsequent clinically relevant mental distress amongst employees two years after change had taken place. Methods A full panel, prospective design was utilized. Data were collected at two time-points two years apart, by self-administered, online questionnaires. Organizational change was measured by six items pertaining to separate types of change. Mental distress was measured using HSCL-10, with cut-off set to...
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