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Une forme de gestion désincarnée de l’activité
L'exemple d'une formation en santé et sécurité du travail destinée aux préposés aux bénéficiaires au Québec Cet article a pour objectif d'illustrer les limites d'un mode de gestion désincarné de l'activité réelle de travail. Nous prenons l'exemple d'un mode de gestion « top-down » d'une formation en santé au travail destinée aux préposés aux bénéficiaires travaillant dans les organisations gériatriques au Québec...
The role of collective affective commitment in the relationship between work–family conflict and emotional exhaustion among nurses: a multilevel modeling approach
Work–family conflict (WFC) is a crucial problem in nursing because of the demanding conditions of the job, such as strenuous shifts, physical and emotional workload, and intense patient involvement. Using a multilevel approach, this study investigated the moderating role of collective affective commitment as a protective resource in the relationship between WFC and emotional exhaustion. Source : BMC Nursing , 18(1), 2/18/2019. 10.1186/s12912-019-0329-z
Une démarche paritaire de prévention pour contrer les effets du travail émotionnellement exigeant dans les centres jeunesse
Certains secteurs d'activité sont particulièrement touchés par des problèmes qui affectent la santé et la sécurité des travailleurs. C'est le cas, entre autres, des centres jeunesse où le travail est généralement caractérisé par une demande émotionnelle élevée, attribuable aux contacts fréquents avec des enfants et des familles en crise, et par le manque de ressources nécessaires pour gérer cette demande émotionnelle. On reconnaît d'ailleurs de plus...
Santé et maintien en emploi : prévention de la désinsertion professionnelle des travailleurs
Dans un contexte de vieillissement de la population active, de prévalence des maladies chroniques et de recul progressif de l'âge de départ en retraite, le maintien en emploi est un facteur de santé et d'augmentation de l'espérance de vie en bonne santé. Le périmètre de ces recommandations est circonscrit à la stratégie à mettre en œuvre à une échelle individuelle, dès lors qu'un risque de désinsertion professionnelle est identifié ou pressenti du fait d'une altération...
Impact of behavior management training on nurses’ confidence in managing patient aggression
Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of behavior management training on nurses' confidence in managing aggressive patients. Background Nurses are at a high risk of experiencing violence directed toward them by patients. Methods This quality improvement project used a pre-and-post study design. A survey was administered within 1 month before behavior management training and 1 month after training, capturing participants' demographic and work characteristics, as well as their experiences with patient/visitor-perpetrated violence. Confidence was measured using the Confidence...
Health and safety in schools
Exploring the perceptions of HSE's communications to promote and support sensible risk management This research was commissioned to explore the viewpoints of school staff responsible for managing day-to-day health and safety in schools. This study explored what guidance schools use to support their management of health and safety and, in particular, examined how HSE's education-specific materials were used. The study found that HSE is not the primary source of information and guidance used by the schools. Instead, the primary sources are the Local Authorities (LAs) or other bought-in health...
Les très petites entreprises
Une équation à plusieurs inconnues On les appréhende comme un ensemble, mais la réalité des très petites entreprises, celles de moins de dix salariés, est plurielle. Aussi les enjeux en matière de conditions de travail réclament-ils de nouvelles approches, plus globales, territoriales et pragmatiques. Source: Travail & changement , No 356, septembre-octobre 2014. http://bourgognefranchecomte.aract.fr/download/site-principal/document/pdf/parutions/tc356.pdf
A model for occupational safety and health intervention diffusion to small businesses
Background Smaller businesses differ from their larger counterparts in having higher rates of occupational injuries and illnesses and fewer resources for preventing those losses. Intervention models developed outside the United States have addressed the resource deficiency issue by incorporating intermediary organizations such as trade associations. Methods This paper extends previous models by using exchange theory and by borrowing from the diffusion of innovations model. It emphasizes that occupational safety and health (OSH) organizations must understand as much about intermediary organizations...
Stressful incidents of physical violence against emergency nurses
Physical violence against nurses has become an endemic problem affecting nurses in all settings. The purpose of this study was to describe acts of physical violence against emergency nurses perceived as stressful using a qualitative descriptive design with a national sample of emergency nurses. The guiding conceptual model for the study was the Ecological Occupational Health Model of Workplace Assault. Narrative accounts of physical violence were analyzed using a constant comparative analysis method. Key findings included risks related to employee, workplace, and aggressor factors, and descriptions...
Working to rule, or working safely? Part 1: A state of the art review
The paper reviews the literature from 1986 on the management of those safety rules and procedures which relate to the workplace level in organisations. It contrasts two different paradigms of how rules and their development and use are perceived and managed. The first is a top-down classical, rational approach in which rules are seen as static, comprehensive limits of freedom of choice, imposed on operators at the sharp end and violations are seen as negative behaviour to be suppressed. The second is a bottom-up constructivist view of rules as dynamic, local, situated constructions of operators...
Working to rule or working safely? Part 2: The management of safety rules and procedures
Part 1, the companion paper to this paper (Hale and Borys, this issue) reviews the literature from 1986 on the management of those safety rules and procedures which relate to the workplace level in organisations. It contrasts two different paradigms of how work rules and their development and use are perceived and managed. The first is a top-down classical, rational approach in which rules are seen as static, comprehensive limits of freedom of choice, imposed on operators at the sharp end and violations are seen as negative behaviour to be suppressed. The second is a bottom-up constructivist view...
A review of the literature on effective leadership behaviours for safety
There is widespread agreement between industry, regulators, academics and the press that leadership is a key component of a safe organisation. While there is considerable literature on leadership, very little of this addresses the issue of safety, particularly in the major hazard sector. This research aims to identify specific leadership styles, attitudes, behaviours and practices. Source . http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr952.pdf
Worker participation practices: a review of EU-OSHA case studies : literature review
U-OSHA publishes case studies of good practices to prevent workplace risks. The cases are analysed and effective worker participation consistently appears as a basic requirement for the successful identification of problems and implementation of practical solutions, regardless of the size or type of workplace or type of problem. Many of the cases describe how worker participation took place in practice and its role in introducing successful prevention measures. This report compiles these worker participation components to provide an overview of how worker participation featured in the various cases...
Review of workplace innovation and its relation with occupational safety and health
This report provides evidence that high levels of occupational safety and health (OSH) performance (low accident rates and absenteeism, OSH culture) correlate with workplace innovation and human performance. Workplace innovations are strategy induced and participatory adopted changes in an organisation’s practice of managing, organising and deploying human and non-human resources that lead to simultaneously improved organisational performance and improved quality of working life. Source : https://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/literature_reviews/workplace-innovation-review?sourceid=rss&utm_source...
Motivation for employees to participate in workplace health promotion : literature review
This report presents the findings of a literature review that identifies the motivating factors for employees to participate in workplace health promotion (WHP). This knowledge can be used to improve WHP programmes and, consequently, participation rates. The findings section of the report is divided into two key areas. The first outlines and describes some of the key findings from the literature concerning workers’ motivation to participate in WHP, and the second examines the role that diversity may play in workers’ participation and recruitment. WHP is the combined efforts of employers...
9-1-1 Lumière sur un travail méconnu
L'Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (l'IRSST), à la demande de l'Association paritaire pour la santé et la sécurité du travail, secteur affaires municipales, s'est intéressé aux problèmes de santé des préposés des centres d'appels d'urgence 9-1-1. Ce travail méconnu comporte des enjeux particuliers encore peu documentés dans la littérature scientifique. Cette vidéo les met en lumière. La réalisation...
A worksite vitality intervention to improve older workers' lifestyle and vitality-related outcomes: results of a randomised controlled trial
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a worksite vitality intervention on vigorous physical activity (VPA), fruit intake, aerobic capacity, mental health and need for recovery after work among older hospital workers (ie, 45 years and older). Methods: The 6-month intervention was evaluated using a randomised controlled trial design. Workers who were randomised to the intervention group (n=367; control: n=363) received the Vital@Work intervention containing (1) a Vitality Exercise Program (VEP) combined with (2) three visits to Personal Vitality Coach. The VEP consisted of a weekly yoga session...
Petites et très petites entreprises. Vers une sécurité à grande échelle : Dossier TS
Dans les petites entreprises (moins de 50 salariés), la prévention des accidents du travail et des maladies professionnelles est à la fois perçue comme difficile à mettre en oeuvre, faute d'une organisation dédiée au sein des établissements et source d'inquiétudes diffuses et récurrentes : un accident du travail grave ou une maladie professionnelle avérée sont susceptibles de déstabiliser, voire de mettre en péril, l'ensemble des activités de l'entreprise. Le rôle des partenaires...
L'EU-OSHA soutient l'Année européenne du vieillissement actif
L'Agence européenne pour la sécurité et la santé au travail (EU-OSHA) a joué un rôle actif dans l'Année européenne du vieillissement actif et de la solidarité intergénérationnelle 2012 en publiant des informations expliquant comment aider les employés à rester en forme afin de conserver une activité professionnelle plus longtemps. Allongement de l'espérance de vie, baisse de la natalité, l'Union européenne fait face à d'importants bouleversements démographiques...
Using Social Marketing to Address Barriers and Motivators to Agricultural Safety and Health Best Practices
Social marketing is an intervention development strategy that pays considerable attention to barriers to and motivators for behavioral change or adoption of recommended behaviors. Barriers are obstacles that prevent individuals from changing or adopting behaviors and are often referred to as the “cons” or “costs” of doing something. Motivators, on the other hand, are factors that encourage individuals to change or adopt behaviors and are often referred to as the “pros,” “benefits,” or “influencing factors” of doing something. Importantly...
Innovative solutions to safety and health risks in the construction, healthcare and HORECA sectors
One conclusion from the EU-OSHA economic incentives project is that incentives schemes should not only reward past results of good OSH management (such as accident numbers in experience rating), but should also reward specific prevention efforts that aim to reduce future accidents and ill-health. Experts from the economic incentives project therefore suggested the development of compilations of innovative and evidence-based preventive solutions, starting with the three sectors construction, health care and HORECA (hotels, restaurants, catering). The preventive measures from these compilations are...
Occupational Safety and Health culture assessment - A review of main approaches and selected tools
Occupational safety and health culture, or more briefly 'OSH culture', can be seen as a concept for exploring how informal organisational aspects influence OSH in a positive or negative way. The aim is to convey up-to-date information on this complex topic in a straightforward, condensed way, trying to build a bridge between research and practice. The main approaches and methods that exist to assess the safety culture in an organisation are presented and discussed. This review gives an overview and selection of useful tools and techniques from the EU domain and abroad. Source : http://osha...
Démarche d'amélioration des conditions de travail dans une PMI de sous-traitance automobile
Mener une démarche de prévention dans les petites et moyennes entreprises présente des difficultés, liées notamment à la faiblesse des moyens dont elles disposent. L'auteur montre dans cet article comment les préventeurs peuvent tirer parti de cette taille modeste pour engager un dialogue entre les différents niveaux hiérarchiques. L'intervention présentée porte sur un collectif de 27 salariés d'une PMI de sous-traitance automobile. En partant du ressenti des salariés sur différents aspects...
Review of safety resources for recent immigrants entering the Canadian workforce
This national scan from the Institute for Work & Health looks at some of the services, programs and resources on occupational health & safety and workers' compensation that are available to recent immigrants to Canada. It discusses trends in the types of resources available, identifies important gaps and highlights case studies of programs that present interesting opportunities for providing this information to newcomers. Source : http://www.iwh.on.ca/other-reports
A commentary on routes to competence in the construction sector – RR877
The health and safety record of the UK construction sector is a prime focus of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), combining as it does high fatality and injury rates with relatively high rates of work-related ill-health. Persuasive proof of the link between competence and health and safety is difficult to demonstrate but, nevertheless, 'competence' has been central to improving the sector's health and safety performance since the late 1980s. The key questions of this research are whether current routes to competence - qualifications (both work-based and college-based), short courses...
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