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Do age and gender contribute to workers’ burnout symptoms?
Background: Despite mounting evidence on the association between work stress and burnout, there is limited knowledge about the extent to which workers' age and gender are associated with burnout. Aims: To evaluate the relationship between age, gender and their interaction with burnout in a sample of Canadian workers. Methods: Data were collected in 2009–12 from a sample of 2073 Canadian workers from 63 workplaces in the province of Quebec. Data were analysed with multilevel regression models to test for linear and non-linear relationships between age and burnout. Analyses adjusted for...
Work stress and risk of death in men and women with and without cardiometabolic disease
A multicohort study Background: Although some cardiovascular disease prevention guidelines suggest a need to manage work stress in patients with established cardiometabolic disease, the evidence base for this recommendation is weak. We sought to clarify the status of stress as a risk factor in cardiometabolic disease by investigating the associations between work stress and mortality in men and women with and without pre-existing cardiometabolic disease. Methods: In this multicohort study, we used data from seven cohort studies in the IPD-Work consortium, initiated between 1985 and 2002 in Finland...
Post-traumatic Reactions and Their Predictors among Workers Who Experienced Serious Violent Acts
Are There Sex Differences? Background: Serious violent acts (e.g. physical violence, robbery, sexual aggression and death threats) are among the most visible and notable examples of workplace violence. Although women are commonly found to be at higher risk for post-traumatic reactions following workplace violence, little is known as regards sex differences concerning the types of post-traumatic reactions and their predictors. Objective: This study aimed to describe sex differences in the post-traumatic reactions of serious violent acts and the predictors of such reactions. Methods: The study was...
Gendered Pathways to Burnout: Results from the SALVEO Study
Burnout is a pervasive mental health problem in the workforce, with mounting evidence suggesting ties with occupational and safety outcomes such as work injuries, critical events and musculoskeletal disorders. While environmental [work and non-work, work-to-family conflict (WFC)] and individual (personality) pathways to burnout are well documented, little is known about how gender comes to influence such associative patterns. The aim of the study consisted in examining gendered pathways to burnout. The study analysed data derived from the SALVEO study, a cross-sectional study of 2026 workers from...
Addressing Occupational Violence
An overview of conceptual and policy considerations viewed through a gender lens This report reviews the international literature and a selection of regulatory instruments with respect to occupational violence - work-related violence involving incidents in which a person is physically, psychologically or sexually assaulted, threatened, harassed, bullied or mobbed in circumstances relating to their work. This definition covers a broad range of actions and behaviours that can create a risk to the health and safety of employees. This report provides an overview of policy strategies addressing the...
Job strain and informal caregiving as predictors of long-term sickness
A longitudinal multi-cohort study This study is the first to investigate the joint effects of job strain and informal caregiving on long-term sickness absence. The main finding was that informal caregiving responsibilities and/or high job strain predicted long-term sickness absence among women. Source: Mortensen J, Dich N, Lange T, Alexanderson K, Goldberg M, Head J, Kivimäki M, Madsen IEH, Rugulies R, Vahtera J, Zins M, Rod NH. Scand J Work Environ Health . http://dx.doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3587
A multilevel study on the association of observer-assessed working conditions with depressive symptoms among female eldercare workers from 56 work units in 10 care homes in Denmark
OBJECTIVES: Eldercare workers in Denmark have a higher prevalence of poor psychological health than other occupational groups. We examined the association between working conditions assessed by trained observers and depressive symptoms assessed by self-report in a study of female Danish eldercare workers. METHODS: Working conditions were observed based on action regulation theory and defined as (1) regulation requirements, a workplace resource providing opportunity for decision-making and skill development and (2) barriers for task completion. We examined the associations of individual and work...
Workplace stress and working from home influence depressive symptoms among employed women with young children
BACKGROUND: Poor balance between work and family can be a major stressor for women with young children and have a negative impact on emotional well-being. Family-friendly workplace attributes may reduce stress and depressive symptoms among this population. However, few studies have analyzed the role of specific workplace attributes on mental health outcomes among women with young children because available data are limited. PURPOSE: This study examines the impact of workplace attributes on changes in depressive symptoms among working women with young children between 6 and 24 months of age. METHOD...
Precarious employment and new-onset severe depressive symptoms
A population-based prospective study in South Korea Objectives: Considering the effect of sex and head of household responsibilities, this study was designed to evaluate whether precarious employment is associated with the development of new-onset severe depressive symptoms. Methods: We followed 1699 male and 1066 female waged workers, ≤59 years of age and without moderate depressive symptom, from the Korean Welfare Panel Study 2007–2013. Their employment status was classified as full-time permanent, precarious, self-employed, or unemployed after baseline. Except for occupation and company...
Femmes-hommes : quelles différences d’exposition aux risques psychosociaux ?
L'Anact a réalisé un état des lieux des facteurs psychosociaux de risques au travail et de la santé mentale des femmes et des hommes au travail. Pour cela, l'auteure, Anne-Marie Nicot, a réalisé une approche par genre des données statistiques nationales. Source: http://www.anact.fr/web/actualite/essentiel?p_thingIdToShow=39947654
Les femmes surexposées aux risques psychosociaux dans l’enquête Sumer 2010
L'Anact a mis en évidence, sur la base des données statistiques de la Cnam-TS, que femmes et hommes ne sont pas confrontés aux mêmes risques professionnels. Qu'en est-il plus spécifiquement de l'exposition aux facteurs de risques psychosociaux ? Pour le savoir l'Anact a commandé à deux chercheurs du Lest, Paul Bouffartigue, et Jacques Bouteiller, d'analyser les données des enquêtes Sumer au « regard du genre ». Source: http://www.anact.fr/web/actualite/essentiel?p_thingIdToShow=39867654
Gender, Job Authority, and Depression
Using the 1957–2004 data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, we explore the effect of job authority in 1993 (at age 54) on the change in depressive symptoms between 1993 and 2004 (age 65) among white men and women. Within-gender comparisons indicate that women with job authority (defined as control over others' work) exhibit more depressive symptoms than women without job authority, whereas men in authority positions are overall less depressed than men without job authority. Between-gender comparisons reveal that although women have higher depression than men, women's disadvantage...
Verbal violence in the workplace according to victims' sex
A systematic review of the literature Verbal abuse is the most prevalent form of workplace violence. Its impacts on organizations as well as on victims' health are numerous. Several studies have emphasized the need to take into consideration victims' characteristics, in particular sex, to better understand rates of verbal violence in the workplace. Indeed, study results are contradictory, as some show women to be more at risk while others indicate that men would be more exposed. These variations could in part be explained by other factors that influence the prevalence of workplace violence...
Survey of Academic Field Experiences (SAFE)
Trainees report harassment and assault Little is known about the climate of the scientific fieldwork setting as it relates to gendered experiences, sexual harassment, and sexual assault. We conducted an internet-based survey of field scientists (N?=?666) to characterize these experiences. Codes of conduct and sexual harassment policies were not regularly encountered by respondents, while harassment and assault were commonly experienced by respondents during trainee career stages. Women trainees were the primary targets; their perpetrators were predominantly senior to them professionally within...
Workplace mobbing and bystanders' helping behaviour towards victims
The role of gender, perceived responsibility and anticipated stigma by association We examined victims' perceived responsibility and bystanders' anticipated risk of being victimized themselves when others associate them with the victim (stigma by association, SBA) as possible antecedents of bystanders' helping behaviour towards a victim of workplace mobbing, and explored the effects of gender. Guided by the attribution model of social conduct (Weiner, 2006), a 2 × 2 vignette experiment was conducted. Participants were Dutch regional government employees (N ...
Harcèlement sexuel au travail
Le défenseur des droits publie une enquête exclusive L'enquête réalisée par le Défenseur des droits révèle que, aujourd'hui, en France, 1 femme sur 5 déclare avoir été victime de harcèlement sexuel au travail, ce qui viennent confirmer les propos des témoins, également ciblés par l'enquête. Les gestes et propos à connotation sexuelle sans le consentement de la personne et un environnement de travail avec des blagues à caractère sexuel sont, avec le chantage...
Les risques d’exposition à la violence au travail
Une question de sexe Dans le cadre de la Journée de la femme 2014, les chercheurs de l'équipe VISAGE (VIolence au travail selon le Sexe et le GEnre) de l'Institut présentent une revue de la littérature qui constate que les femmes sont davantage victimes d'actes de violence grave au travail que les hommes. Par contre, les victimes d'homicides sont majoritairement des hommes. Cette différence s'explique en partie par le fait que les hommes sont beaucoup plus souvent victimes d'attaques avec une arme. En effet, ils représenteraient...
Association between change in employment status and new-onset depressive symptoms in South Korea
A gender analysis Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the association of change in employment status with new-onset depressive symptoms, particularly differences stemming from workers' gender, in South Korea. Methods: We analyzed data from the ongoing Korean Welfare Panel Study. After excluding participants who had depressive symptoms at baseline (2007), we analyzed 2891 participants who became a precarious or permanent worker or unemployed at follow-up (2008) among waged workers who were permanent or precarious workers at baseline. Workers were classified as permanent workers if they...
Bullying at work and onset of a major depressive episode among Danish female eldercare workers
Objective The aim of this study was to analyze whether exposure to workplace bullying among 5701 female employees in the Danish eldercare sector increases the risk of onset of a major depressive episode (MDE). Methods Participants received questionnaires in 2004–2005 and again in 2006–2007. MDE was assessed with the Major Depression Inventory. We examined baseline bullying as a predictor of onset of MDE at follow-up using multiple logistic regression. We further conducted a cross-sectional analysis at the time of follow-up among participants who at baseline were free of bullying, MDE...
Receiving Work-Related Communication at Home Takes Greater Toll on Women
While communication technologies that help people stay connected to the workplace often are considered helpful in balancing work and family life, a new study suggests these technologies may have implications for workers' health – particularly for women. Source : http://ehstoday.com/health/wellness/work-related-communications-home-takes-toll-women-3992/
High incidence of depression-related disability pensions among ageing professional women
58-64 year-old women in professional occupations have the highest incidence of disability pension due to mental disorder. Most of these disability pensions are depression related. Among younger age groups, however, also schizophrenia and other psychoses were common causes of disability pensions due mental health reasons. The data appears in the study Occupations and disability pensions, which examined the incidence of disability pensions in the years 1997-2006. The report in Finnish with a summary in English : http://www.stm.fi/c/document_library/get_file?folderId=1082856&name=DLFE-11710.pdf
Workplace Safety and Women
This women's health podcast focuses on four important issues for women at work: job stress, work schedules, reproductive health, and workplace violence. http://www2a.cdc.gov/podcasts/player.asp?f=11503
Unhappy Working with Men?
This paper attempts to establish empirically the link between workplace gender diversity and employee job-related well-being. Using nationally representative linked employer-employee data for Britain, I employ econometric techniques that account for unobserved workplace heterogeneity. I find that gender diversity is associated with lower employee well-being among women in several of the equations estimated. The magnitudes of the estimated effects also tend to increase with (women's) group size. Workplace equality policies do not appear to ameliorate these effects. http://ftp.iza.org/dp4077...

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