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Is Work Bad for Health?
The Role of Constraint vs Choice This paper reviews the literature on the impact of work on health. We consider work along two dimensions: (i) the intensive margin, i.e. how many hours an individual works and (ii) the extensive margin, i.e. whether an individual is in employment or not, independent of the number of hours worked. We show that most of the evidence on the negative health impact of work found in the literature is based on situations in which workers have essentially no control (no choice) over the amount of work they provide. In essence, what is detrimental to health is not so much...
Work schedule and client characteristics associated with workplace violence experience among nurses and midwives in sub-Saharan Africa
Violence against health care workers perpetrated by clients and/or their friends and family (Type II) is a growing problem that can severely impact health care delivery. We examined the prevalence of Type II workplace violence among nurses and midwives in sub-Saharan Africa and its association with work status, schedule, and client characteristics. Nurses and midwives (n = 712) completed an anonymous survey while attending nursing meetings. Generalized estimating equation models, accounting for clustering within residing countries, were employed. Participants who were exposed to risky client characteristics...
Correlates of negative physical health in call center shift workers
The call center industry, a burgeoning sector is characterized by unique job demands, which render it susceptible to high attrition rates and negative health concerns. This study examined the relationship between job stress from interpersonal factors, job stress from work factors, coping, inadequate sleep, and negative physical health reports among call center shift workers (n = 239), a relatively under-researched population. Inadequate sleep and job stress from interpersonal factors were associated with negative physical health outcome for the participants in this study. Further, spending longer...
Belgique. Une recherche sur le bien-être au travail dans les centres d'appels
Alors que l'activité est en pleine croissance, les centres d'appels de Belgique peinent à recruter. Afin de mieux connaître les difficultés et les risques en matière de bien-être au travail spécifiques à ce secteur, le ministère en charge du travail en Belgique a commandé une étude auprès de chercheurs. Le rapport final identifie 7 grandes contraintes s'appliquant sur les opérateurs, et propose pour chacune des pistes d'action. Ces recommandations sont organisées en fonction des principales...
Organizational factors associated with work-related sleep problems in a nationally representative sample of Korean workers
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the association of organizational factors with work-related sleep problems (WRSP) among Korean workers. METHODS: The data were derived from the First Korean Working Conditions Survey conducted in 2006 with a representative sample of the Korean working population (n = 10,039). RESULTS: The overall prevalence of WRSP was 5.1 % (95 % confidence interval (CI) 4.7-5.5). Those who experienced sexual harassment at work (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 3.47: 95 % CI 1.77-6.81), discrimination due to sex (aOR 2.44: 95 % CI 1.36-4.36) or age (aOR 2.22: 95 % CI 1...
Health Impact of The Psychosocial Hazards of Work
An Overview Psychosocial risks go hand in hand with the experience of work-related stress. Longitudinal studies and systematic reviews have indicated that stress at work is associated with heart disease, depression, and musculoskeletal disorders and there is consistent evidence that high job demands, low control, and effort-reward imbalance are risk factors for mental and physical health problems, thereby leading to further strain on public spending for increased costs on healthcare. Despite the available evidence, the prevention and management of psychosocial risks has not been high on the policy...
L’organisation du travail à l’hôpital
Évolutions récentes L'organisation du travail dans le secteur de la santé répond à des exigences d'égalité d'accès et de continuité des soins. En conséquence, les contraintes temporelles de travail, le dimanche et de nuit, y sont nettement plus répandues, notamment pour le personnel soignant (infirmières et aides-soignantes) et médical (médecins et pharmaciens), que dans la plupart des autres secteurs marchands de l'économie. De plus, quand ils sont interrogés, les professionnels...
Working conditions in the European Union
Working time and work intensity This report outlines the current situation regarding work intensity, indicating a clear link between work intensity and poor working conditions, both physical and psychological. The analysis is based on findings from the fourth European Working Conditions Survey carried out in 31 countries, including the 27 EU Member States. The analysis reveals sharp variations between different Member States in relation to working hours and the associated gender gap, and points to the huge costs both for workers and companies arising from high work intensity. Report : http://www...
Portrait des conditions de pratique et de la pénurie des effectifs infirmiers au Québec
Ce document vise à établir un portrait du contexte de pratique des effectifs infirmiers québécois et de les comparer avec celui qui prévaut dans les autres provinces canadiennes. On trouve dans un premier temps que l'intensité de travail des infirmières québécoises est plus faible que celle du reste du Canada, notamment au chapitre des heures effectives travaillées, des heures contractées et des heures supplémentaires. http://www.cirano.qc.ca/pdf/publication/2009RP-01.pdf

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