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Workplace violence and development of burnout symptoms
A prospective cohort study on 1823 social educators Purpose: Burnout and workplace violence (WPV) have been associated in cross-sectional studies, but longitudinal studies with solid methods and adequate sample sizes are lacking. This study investigates whether WPV increases burnout symptoms during a 12-month period. Methods: Questionnaire data were collected on 1823 social educators at baseline and 12-month follow-up, coupled with additionally 12 monthly text-message surveys on exposure to WPV. Using general linear modelling for repeated measures, we estimated change over time in burnout symptoms...
Psychosocial Work Conditions and Mental Health: Examining Differences Across Mental Illness and Well-Being Outcomes
Objectives: Psychosocial work conditions are determinants of mental illness among worker populations. However, while the focus on negative aspects of mental health has generated important contributions to the development of workplace interventions, there is less evidence on the factors that support the positive aspects of mental well-being. This study aimed to examine the association between psychosocial work conditions and mental health outcomes among a representative sample of Canadian workers; and to assess whether the relationships are consistent across measures of mental illness versus mental...
Troubles musculosquelettiques et risques psychosociaux dans une population de conducteurs ambulanciers hospitaliers
Objectif: L'objectif de notre étude a été de déterminer la prévalence des TMS et des RPS au sein d'une population de conducteurs ambulanciers (CA) d'un centre hospitalier public et d'évaluer les liens entre eux. Méthodologie: Nous avons étudié une population de 65 agents de la Fonction publique, à l'aide d'un hétéro-questionnaire tiré du guide des bonnes pratiques de l'INRS. Les caractéristiques générales des sujets, les plaintes liées aux TMS, le vécu...
Conflits de valeurs et exigences émotionnelles
Ce numéro de Synthèse.Stat' présente les résultats de l' enquête Conditions de travail – Risques psychosociaux de 2016 concernant les indicateurs relatifs aux conflits de valeurs et aux exigences émotionnelles. Ce volume recouvre deux des six axes d'analyse des risques psychosociaux construits par le collège d'expertise sur le suivi statistique des risques psychosociaux au travail1 : les conflits de valeurs (axe 5) et les exigences émotionnelles (axe 2). Les exigences émotionnelles couvrent non seulement la partie...
Compassion Fatigue in Palliative Care Nursing. A Concept Analysis
Parue dans le Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing, cette étude visait à définir la fatigue de compassion dans le contexte des soins infirmiers palliatifs. À la suite de la réalisation d'une revue de la littérature, les auteurs ont été en mesure de proposer une définition du concept. Pour les soins infirmiers palliatifs, la fatigue de compassion a été définie comme étant l'état dans lequel l'empathie et la compassion sont perdues. Cet état est démontré par des...
Job strain, long work hours, and suicidal ideation in US workers
A longitudinal study Purpose: To investigate whether chronic psychosocial work stressors (low job control, high job demands, job strain, low supervisor and coworker support, job insecurity, and long work hours) are longitudinally associated with suicidal ideation in a working population. Methods: Five-hundred seventy-eight workers (aged 34–69) were chosen for this analysis from those who participated in both project 1 (2004–2006 at baseline) and project 4 (2004–2009 at follow-up) of the Midlife Development in the United States II study. The median time interval between the two...
Association between demand–control model components and blood pressure in the ELSA-Brasil study
Exploring heterogeneity using quantile regression analyses This study from Brazil provides new knowledge about the association between job strain and blood pressure (BP). The innovative analytical strategy, which combined independent assessment of the demand-control model components with gamma and quantile regression analyses, showed that BP associates differently with skill discretion and decision authority and that these associations are heterogeneous over the BP distribution and by use of antihypertensives. Source: Juvanhol, L. L., Melo, E. C. P., Chor, D., Fonseca, M. J. M., Rotenberg, L.,...
Clustering of job strain, effort-reward imbalance, and organizational injustice and the risk of work disability: a cohort study
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the association between co-occurring work stressors and risk of disability pension. Methods: The work stressors job strain,brffort−reward imbalance (ERI), and organizational injustice were measured by a survey in 2008 of 41 862 employees linked to national records of all-cause and cause-specific disability pensions until 2011. Co-occurring work stressors were examined as risk factors of work disability using Cox regression marginal models. Results: Work stressors were clustered: 50.8% had no work stressors [observed-to-expected ratio (O/E)...
Burnout among Pilots
Psychosocial Factors related to Happiness and Score on Simulator Training In this study among airline pilots, we aim to uncover the work characteristics (job demands and resources) and the outcomes (job crafting, happiness and simulator training performance) that are related to burnout for this occupational group. Using a large sample of airline pilots, we showed that 40% of the participating pilots experience high burnout. In line with Job Demands-Resources theory, job demands were detrimental for simulator training performance because they made pilots more exhausted and less able to craft their...
Effort–Reward Imbalance, Work–Privacy Conflict, and Burnout Among Hospital Employees
Objective: Studies investigating the relative importance of effort–reward imbalance and work–privacy conflict for burnout risk between professional groups in the health care sector are rare and analyses by educational attainment within professional groups are lacking. Methods: The study population consists of 1422 hospital employees in Switzerland. Multivariate linear regression analyses with standardized coefficients were performed for the overall study population and stratified for professional groups refined for educational attainment. Results: Work–privacy conflict is a strong...
Mental Health in the Working World - Determining the current state of scientific evidence
The "Mental Health in the Working World" project aimed to assess psychological strain factors in terms of substantiated scientific and academic research, to gain new information surrounding the new work-related requirements arising due to the changing world of work, and to identify open research questions. Following a description of the project goals and approach, the project results have been presented under the differing topic fields of "Work tasks", "Leadership and organisation", "Working time", "Technical factors", "Design approaches"...
Mental Disorder Symptoms among Public Safety Personnel in Canada
Background: Canadian public safety personnel (PSP; e.g., correctional workers, dispatchers, firefighters, paramedics, police officers) are exposed to potentially traumatic events as a function of their work. Such exposures contribute to the risk of developing clinically significant symptoms related to mental disorders. The current study was designed to provide estimates of mental disorder symptom frequencies and severities for Canadian PSP. Methods: An online survey was made available in English or French from September 2016 to January 2017. The survey assessed current symptoms, and participation...
Job strain as a risk factor for clinical depression
Systematic review and meta-analysis with additional individual participant data Adverse psychosocial working environments characterized by job strain (the combination of high demands and low control at work) are associated with an increased risk of depressive symptoms among employees, but evidence on clinically diagnosed depression is scarce. We examined job strain as a risk factor for clinical depression. We identified published cohort studies from a systematic literature search in PubMed and PsycNET and obtained 14 cohort studies with unpublished individual-level data from the Individual-Participant...
Climate congruence: How espoused psychosocial safety climate and enacted managerial support affect emotional exhaustion and work engagement
The alignment between espoused (saying) and enacted (doing) psychosocial safety climate (PSC; a climate for worker psychological health) is important to consider in relation to health and work outcomes. This diary study explored the interplay (moderation and mediation processes) between espoused PSC (organizational level PSC) and daily enacted PSC (operationalized in the specific domain of managerial support) and their relationships to worker psychological health (i.e., daily emotional exhaustion) and motivation (i.e., daily work engagement). In all, 545 diary data points were collected within...
Effort–reward imbalance at work and risk of depressive disorders
A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies Objective: The aim of this review was to determine whether employees exposed to effort–reward imbalance (ERI) at work have a higher risk of depressive disorders than non-exposed employees. Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of published prospective cohort studies examining the association of ERI at baseline with onset of depressive disorders at follow-up. The work was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement and a detailed...
Bullying and Harassment in Australian Workplaces
Results from the Australian Workplace Barometer 2014/15 Why has this research been done? •To better understand the prevalence of workplace bullying and harassment in Australian workplaces and to identify workplace risk factors associated with the occurrence of bullying and harassment. What did we find? •Bullying was measured using both a widely accepted international definition and the Australian definition used by Safe Work Australia. The prevalence rates using the international and the Australian definitions were similar: 9.7 per cent and 9.4 per cent of Australian workers respectively...
Born and Bred to Burn out: A Life-Course View and Reflections on Job Burnout
Burnout is a response to prolonged stressors at work, and is defined as a chronic syndrome including exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy. The 40 years of research on burnout have yielded thousands of studies on its measurement, antecedents, correlates, and consequences. However, most of these studies have used a cross-sectional design, and only very few have addressed burnout from a life-course perspective. In the first part of this article, we reflect on the ideas that inspired our multidisciplinary “A 35-Year Follow-Up Study on Burnout Among Finnish Employees,”...
Workplace bullying and the association with suicidal ideation/thoughts and behaviour
A systematic review The established links between workplace bullying and poor mental health provide a prima facie reason to expect that workplace bullying increases the risk of suicidal ideation (thoughts) and behaviours. Until now, there has been no systematic summary of the available evidence. This systematic review summarises published studies reporting data on workplace bullying and suicidal ideation, or behaviour. The review sought to ascertain the nature of this association and highlight future research directions. 5 electronic databases were searched. 2 reviewers independently selected the...
Emotional demands at work and the risk of clinical depression
A longitudinal study in the Danish public sector OBJECTIVE: This study is a 2-year follow-up study of different dimensions of work-related emotional demands as a predictor for clinical depression. METHODS: In a two-wave study, 3224 (72%) public employees from 474 work-units participated twice by filling in questionnaires. Sixty-two cases of clinical depression were diagnosed. Emotional demands were examined as perceived and content-related emotional demands, individually reported and work-unit based. Support, meaningful work, and enrichment were considered as potential effect modifiers. RESULTS...
Workplace Bullying Among Teachers
An Analysis From the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) Model Perspective This paper adopts the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model to analyze workplace bullying among teachers. The data used for this research are obtained from the 5th European Working Conditions Survey. Given the objective of this work, a subsample of 261 education employees is collected: 48.7% of these teachers report having experienced workplace bullying (N=127), while 51.3% indicate not considering themselves as bullied at work (N=134). In order to test the research model and hypotheses, this study relies on the use of partial least...
The role of work stressors, coping strategies and coping resources in the process of workplace bullying
A systematic review and development of a comprehensive model Both work- and person-related factors may trigger workplace bullying. Work-related factors, such as role stressors, can create a stressful work environment leading to bullying. Additionally, person-related factors, such as emotion-focused coping, could make employees more vulnerable to bullying. In this study, we aimed to develop a comprehensive model integrating these factors. We systematically reviewed studies published between 1984 and 2014. First, we identified the most relevant work-related stressors (role conflict, workload, role...
Routinized killing of animals: Going beyond dirty work and prestige to understand the well-being of slaughterhouse workers
Slaughterhouse workers face the reality of industrialized meat production on a daily basis, experiencing firsthand the routinized killing of animals. This occupation provides a window through which to view one key way in which animals and organizations intersect in modern society. Given its proximity to death and undesirable required tasks, working in a slaughterhouse is classified as ‘dirty work'. Current theorizing, however, does not address how the intentional killing of animals may impact workers beyond its inherent dirtiness and low prestige. In this study, we draw upon and extend...
Effort-reward imbalance at work and the risk of antidepressant treatment in the Danish workforce
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that high effort-reward imbalance (ERI) at work is a risk factor for the onset of self-reported depressive symptoms. In this study, we examined whether ERI predicts risk of treatment with antidepressant medication in a representative sample of the Danish workforce. METHODS: We linked survey data on ERI and covariates of 4541 participants from the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study 2000 with the Danish National Prescription Registry that includes all legally purchased prescription drugs at pharmacies in Denmark since 1995. Participants with a history of...
Statistiques sur les lésions attribuables au stress en milieu de travail
Ce document présente des statistiques diverses sur les lésions attribuables au stress en milieu de travail. Il comporte trois parties. La première décrit la population étudiée. La seconde expose les faits saillants. La troisième est constituée de 31 tableaux de données statistiques. Enfin, une annexe précise certains détails sur l'extraction des données.? Source: http://www.csst.qc.ca/publications/300/Pages/DC_300_321.aspx
L’organisation du travail à l’épreuve des risques psychosociaux
Les risques psychosociaux auxquels sont exposés certains salariés sont susceptibles de dégrader leur santé physique et mentale. L’enquête Sumer de 2010 permet de repérer les situations de travail qui accroissent ces risques, comme la tension au travail (job strain) ou le manque de reconnaissance. Source: http://dares.travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/2016-004v2.pdf
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