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Troubles musculosquelettiques et risques psychosociaux dans une population de conducteurs ambulanciers hospitaliers
Objectif: L'objectif de notre étude a été de déterminer la prévalence des TMS et des RPS au sein d'une population de conducteurs ambulanciers (CA) d'un centre hospitalier public et d'évaluer les liens entre eux. Méthodologie: Nous avons étudié une population de 65 agents de la Fonction publique, à l'aide d'un hétéro-questionnaire tiré du guide des bonnes pratiques de l'INRS. Les caractéristiques générales des sujets, les plaintes liées aux TMS, le vécu...
The role of collective affective commitment in the relationship between work–family conflict and emotional exhaustion among nurses: a multilevel modeling approach
Work–family conflict (WFC) is a crucial problem in nursing because of the demanding conditions of the job, such as strenuous shifts, physical and emotional workload, and intense patient involvement. Using a multilevel approach, this study investigated the moderating role of collective affective commitment as a protective resource in the relationship between WFC and emotional exhaustion. Source : BMC Nursing , 18(1), 2/18/2019. 10.1186/s12912-019-0329-z
Compassion Fatigue in Palliative Care Nursing. A Concept Analysis
Parue dans le Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing, cette étude visait à définir la fatigue de compassion dans le contexte des soins infirmiers palliatifs. À la suite de la réalisation d'une revue de la littérature, les auteurs ont été en mesure de proposer une définition du concept. Pour les soins infirmiers palliatifs, la fatigue de compassion a été définie comme étant l'état dans lequel l'empathie et la compassion sont perdues. Cet état est démontré par des...
Aide et soin à la personne - Dossier
En France, plus de 3,5 millions de professionnels travaillent dans l'aide et le soin à la personne. Ce secteur, qui emploie majoritairement du personnel féminin, est toujours en pleine croissance et marqué par une grande diversité d'acteurs. Certains exercent en établissement, d'autres au domicile d'un bénéficiaire avec, d'un lieu à l'autre, des conditions d'intervention et des moyens extrêmement variables. Source: (2018). Travail & sécurité (794). http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/ts/dossier...
Effort–Reward Imbalance, Work–Privacy Conflict, and Burnout Among Hospital Employees
Objective: Studies investigating the relative importance of effort–reward imbalance and work–privacy conflict for burnout risk between professional groups in the health care sector are rare and analyses by educational attainment within professional groups are lacking. Methods: The study population consists of 1422 hospital employees in Switzerland. Multivariate linear regression analyses with standardized coefficients were performed for the overall study population and stratified for professional groups refined for educational attainment. Results: Work–privacy conflict is a strong...
How institutions matter for job characteristics, quality and experiences
A comparison of home care work for older people in Australia and Sweden This article seeks to understand a puzzling finding: that workers in publicly funded home care for older people in Australia, compared to those in Sweden, feel that they are better able to meet their clients' needs, that their workplaces are less pressed, and that their work is less burdensome and more compatible with their family and social commitments. This finding seems to challenge expectations fostered by comparative sociological research that job quality and care services are inferior in Australia compared to Sweden...
Des conditions de travail en EHPAD vécues comme difficiles par des personnels très engagés
Les conditions de travail des soignants d'établissements d'hébergement pour personnes âgées dépendantes changent sous l'effet de l'évolution récente des profils de résidents : amplification des tâches sanitaires au détriment du relationnel, renforcement des exigences de qualification des professionnels et du contrôle qualité, exigence accrue des résidents.Aux dires des personnels soignants, travailler en EHPAD est difficile, aussi bien physiquement que psychiquement, et la charge mentale y est...
High Stress and Negative Health Behaviors
A Five-Year Wellness Center Member Cohort Study Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the association between having a high stress level and health behaviors in employees of an academic medical center. Methods: Beginning January 1, 2009, through December 31, 2013, an annual survey was completed by 676 worksite wellness members. Results: Each year, about one-sixth of members had a high stress level, high stress individuals visited the wellness center less often, and most years there was a significant relationship (P<0.05) between stress level and poor physical health behaviors (physical...
Work demands and health consequences of organizational and technological measures introduced to enhance the quality of home care services
This study of home care workers in a Norwegian municipality aimed to examine the effect of two measures involving organizational (job checklists) and technological (personal digital assistants) job aids on perceived work demands and musculoskeletal health. Questionnaire data was collected in 2009 (n = 138, response rate 76.2%) and 2011 (n = 80, response rate 54%). Forty-six home care workers responded at both waves. Respondents were assigned into ‘high', ‘moderate' and ‘low' strain groups based on their responses to open and closed survey questions regarding impact...
Stress among nurses working in emergency, anesthesiology and intensive care units depends on qualification
A Job Demand-Control survey Background: The nurse stress literature reports an overwhelming culture of acceptance and expectation of work stressors, ironically linked to the control of the workplace to effectively and proactively manage stress. The stressors involved in delivering “stress management” have been well studied in nursing-related workplaces, especially in acute care settings in accordance with the Karasek Job Demand-Control-Support (JDCS) model. However, little is known about the effects of specificity of an acute care unit and the level of qualifications on stress experienced...
What are the significant factors associated with burnout in doctors?
Background Burnout syndrome is well established as a condition that affects a significant proportion of practising doctors. Although much literature exists on the prevalence of burnout, only specific variables associated with this condition have been analysed. Aims To identify and categorize key factors that are associated with burnout across various medical specialities and geographical locations. Methods Three electronic databases were searched for literature on the factors associated with burnout published in the past 5 years. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied in three stages. We...
Proceedings from the Fourth International Conference on Violence in the Health Sector (October 22-24, 2014)
The full conference proceedings are available online. Source: http://www.oudconsultancy.nl/Resources/Proceedings%204th%20Workplace%20Violence.pdf
General self-efficacy and the effect of hospital workplace violence on doctors' stress and job satisfaction in China
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at exploring associations of general self-efficacy (GSE), workplace violence and doctors' work-related attitudes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study a cross-sectional survey design was applied. Questionnaires were administrated to 758 doctors working in 9 hospitals of Zhengzhou, Henan province, China, between June and October 2010. General information on age, gender, and years of working was collected, and the doctors' experience and witnessing workplace violence, job satisfaction, job initiative, occupational stress as well as GSE were measured. General linear...
The distinct role of performing euthanasia on depression and suicide in veterinarians
Veterinarians are more likely to experience mood disorders and suicide than other occupational groups (Fritschi, Morrison, Shirangi & Day, 2009; Platt, Hawton, Simkin, & Mellanby, 2010). The performance of euthanasia has been implicated as contributing determinately to the prevalence of suicide risk and psychological distress in veterinarians (Bartram & Baldwin, 2008, 2010). In contrast, the application of psychological approaches would suggest a possible protective role for euthanasia administration. This paper is the first to investigate the association between euthanasia-administration...
Risk of burn-out among medical staff
A study of medical staff in Belgium has found that work pressure and high levels of emotional exhaustion are having a negative impact on staff working in hospitals. Around 60% of the medical staff said they felt engaged by their work, and they appreciated support from colleagues. However, 18% of nurses and 13% of doctors said they felt at risk of ‘burn-out'. They did not single out one single aspect of their work as the cause, but said they were under pressure generally and blamed conflict over the division of labour. Source: http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/2014/01/BE1401021I.htm
Violence au travail
Sondage dans trois secteurs professionnels Entre janvier 2011 et octobre 2012, l'équipe a mené une étude réalisée sous la forme d'un sondage Internet auprès de 2889 travailleurs des secteurs des affaires municipales, des affaires provinciales et de la santé et des services sociaux. Les travailleurs de ces trois secteurs professionnels courent un risque particulièrement élevé d'être victimes ou témoins d'actes de violence grave. Le sondage portait sur les actes de violence dont les travailleurs auraient...
Work schedule and client characteristics associated with workplace violence experience among nurses and midwives in sub-Saharan Africa
Violence against health care workers perpetrated by clients and/or their friends and family (Type II) is a growing problem that can severely impact health care delivery. We examined the prevalence of Type II workplace violence among nurses and midwives in sub-Saharan Africa and its association with work status, schedule, and client characteristics. Nurses and midwives (n = 712) completed an anonymous survey while attending nursing meetings. Generalized estimating equation models, accounting for clustering within residing countries, were employed. Participants who were exposed to risky client characteristics...
Occupational injury among hospital patient-care workers
What is the association with workplace verbal abuse? OBJECTIVE: To test the association between workplace abuse exposure and injury risk among hospital workers. We hypothesized that exposed workers would have higher injury rates than unexposed workers. METHODS: Survey of direct-care workers (n = 1,497) in two hospitals. Exposure to workplace abuse was assessed through self-report; occupational injury reports were extracted from employee records. We tested associations between non-physical workplace violence and injury using log-binomial regression and multilevel modeling. RESULTS...
Stressful incidents of physical violence against emergency nurses
Physical violence against nurses has become an endemic problem affecting nurses in all settings. The purpose of this study was to describe acts of physical violence against emergency nurses perceived as stressful using a qualitative descriptive design with a national sample of emergency nurses. The guiding conceptual model for the study was the Ecological Occupational Health Model of Workplace Assault. Narrative accounts of physical violence were analyzed using a constant comparative analysis method. Key findings included risks related to employee, workplace, and aggressor factors, and descriptions...
Souffrance au travail : 71 mesures pour arrêter les dégâts
La FGAF (Fédération Générale Autonome des Fonctionnaires) publie un livre blanc sur la souffrance au travail permettant d'améliorer la qualité de vie au travail des agents de la fonction publique. Sur 200 pages, ce document dresse un état des lieux complet sur la souffrance au travail des fonctionnaires et des agents publics, une question de plus en plus cruciale dans le débat sur les conditions de travail. Réalisé avec la participation des 18 organisations membres de la FGAF issues des 4 fonctions publiques (Etat, territoriale...
Burnout aux soins intensifs
Le Service des soins intensifs est un lieu hautement stressant pour les patients mais également pour les soignants aussi bien aides-soignantes, infirmières que médecins. Le syndrome d'épuisement professionnel ou plus communément appelé «burnout» aujourd'hui guette ce personnel. Les objectifs de cet article sont de décrire : a) l'incidence de burnout dans les soins intensifs ; b) les facteurs favorisant son apparition et c) les impacts du syndrome aussi bien aux niveaux individuel que service et institutionnel. Les pistes de...
Violence towards health care workers in a Public Health Care Facility in Italy
A repeated crosssectional study BACKGROUND: Violence at work is one of the major concerns in health care activities. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of physical and non-physical violence in a general health care facility in Italy and to assess the relationship between violence and psychosocial factors, thereby providing a basis for appropriate intervention. METHODS: All health care workers from a public health care facility were invited to complete a questionnaire containing questions on workplace violence. Three questionnaire-based crosssectional surveys were conducted. The...
La fatigue des infirmières et la sécurité des patients
L'AIIC et l'AIIAO ont effectué une analyse contextuelle générale – comportant des entrevues menées auprès de personnes-ressource clés, des groupes de discussion, un sondage national et une recherche documentaire détaillée – pour déterminer les normes actuelles qui ont trait à la fatigue des infirmières et à la sécurité des patients partout au Canada. Les chercheurs ont en outre défini des solutions recommandées à ce problème critique en soins de santé...
Psychosocial work environment and risk of ischaemic heart disease in women
The Danish Nurse Cohort Study Objectives : To investigate the effect of work pressure and job influence on the development of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) in women. Methods : The effect of work pressure and job influence on the 15-year incidence of IHD in women participating in the Danish Nurse Cohort Study was prospectively studied. A total of 12 116 participants, aged 45–64 years, were examined in 1993 using a questionnaire and were followed by individual linkage in the National Register of Hospital Discharges to the beginning of 2008. Work pressure, job influence, occupational...
L’organisation du travail à l’hôpital
Évolutions récentes L'organisation du travail dans le secteur de la santé répond à des exigences d'égalité d'accès et de continuité des soins. En conséquence, les contraintes temporelles de travail, le dimanche et de nuit, y sont nettement plus répandues, notamment pour le personnel soignant (infirmières et aides-soignantes) et médical (médecins et pharmaciens), que dans la plupart des autres secteurs marchands de l'économie. De plus, quand ils sont interrogés, les professionnels...
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